- JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
- Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
- pp.19-0531, (Released:2020-01-03)
Paenibacillus larvae and Melissococcus plutonius are bacterial pathogens of honey bee brood. As decontamination of beekeeping equipment, including combs, is essential to control these pathogens, we evaluated the disinfecting effects of slightly acidic hypochlorous acid water (SAHAW) and weakly acidified chlorous acid water (WACAW) on the pathogens. Both disinfectants exhibited strong disinfecting effects in suspension tests under no organic matter conditions and reduced both pathogens by >5 log10 CFU/ml. Although the microbicidal activity of SAHAW with an available chlorine concentration (ACC) of 10–30 ppm was decreased by organic matter, it reduced viable P. larvae spores in combs more efficiently than H2O when the comb was not as dirty. However, its efficacy on combs decreased at 4°C and when overused or highly contaminated combs were tested. WACAW with an ACC of ≥600 ppm had a higher disinfecting capacity than SAHAW, and efficiently removed P. larvae spores from combs even under organic matter-rich and low-temperature conditions. However, even by WACAW, the amount of viable spores in combs was not markedly reduced depending on contamination levels and P. larvae genotypes. These results suggest the usefulness of both disinfectants for decontaminating beekeeping equipment depending on the situations expected.