著者
Ikuyo OHASHI Kiyoko KATO Mariko OKAMOTO Sota KOBAYASHI Daisuke TAKAMATSU
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-0531, (Released:2020-01-03)
被引用文献数
2 6

Paenibacillus larvae and Melissococcus plutonius are bacterial pathogens of honey bee brood. As decontamination of beekeeping equipment, including combs, is essential to control these pathogens, we evaluated the disinfecting effects of slightly acidic hypochlorous acid water (SAHAW) and weakly acidified chlorous acid water (WACAW) on the pathogens. Both disinfectants exhibited strong disinfecting effects in suspension tests under no organic matter conditions and reduced both pathogens by >5 log10 CFU/ml. Although the microbicidal activity of SAHAW with an available chlorine concentration (ACC) of 10–30 ppm was decreased by organic matter, it reduced viable P. larvae spores in combs more efficiently than H2O when the comb was not as dirty. However, its efficacy on combs decreased at 4°C and when overused or highly contaminated combs were tested. WACAW with an ACC of ≥600 ppm had a higher disinfecting capacity than SAHAW, and efficiently removed P. larvae spores from combs even under organic matter-rich and low-temperature conditions. However, even by WACAW, the amount of viable spores in combs was not markedly reduced depending on contamination levels and P. larvae genotypes. These results suggest the usefulness of both disinfectants for decontaminating beekeeping equipment depending on the situations expected.
著者
Kennosuke SUGIE Tetsuya KOMATSU Eri WATANDO Nanami INABA Kiyoko KATO Daisuke TAKAMATSU Hiroya ITO Tomoyuki SHIBAHARA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0630, (Released:2019-01-01)
被引用文献数
2

Five-day-old neonatal piglets presented with debilitation and ananastasia. At the necropsy of one piglet, the apex of the tongue was found to be discolored dark red, and disseminated white foci were found on the cut surface. Many white foci were also found in the lungs and on the serosa of the liver and spleen. Histopathological findings revealed multifocal necrotic glossitis and pneumonia with Gram-negative bacilli. The bacilli were identified as Actinobacillus suis through immunohistochemical, biochemical, and genetic tests, including 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Although A. suis usually causes inflammation in thoracic and abdominal organs, lesions were also found in the tongue in the present case. This study is the first report of glossitis caused by A. suis.