著者
Hideki Arai Naoya Ikegawa Masafumi Nozoe Kuniyasu Kamiya Satoru Matsumoto
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220003, 2022 (Released:2022-01-29)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
1

Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between the skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and the convalescent rehabilitation ward achievement index (CRWAI) in older patients with functional impairment.Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a single rehabilitation center in Japan to include patients admitted to the convalescent rehabilitation ward because of neurological disease, motor disorder, or disuse syndrome. Patients with missing SMI data, those who died or were transferred to other hospitals due to comorbidities, those aged less than 65 years, and those hospitalized for <7 days were excluded from the study. We divided patients into two groups based on their SMI – the high SMI group (SMI ≥7.0 kg/m2 in men and SMI ≥5.7 kg/m2 in women) and the low SMI group (SMI <7.0 kg/m2 in men and SMI <5.7 kg/m2 in women); we then evaluated the association between SMI and the CRWAI score.Results: Of the 319 recruited patients, 84 (26%) were in the high SMI group. The medians and interquartile ranges of the CRWAI scores in the high SMI and low SMI groups were 38.6 (23.1–61) and 31.8 (10.1–57.5), respectively (P=0.029). A high SMI was independently and negatively associated with the CRWAI score (β=− 0.16, P=0.014).Conclusions: Our study showed that a high SMI was an independent factor negatively influencing the CRWAI score in older patients in a convalescent rehabilitation ward.
著者
Hideki Arai Masafumi Nozoe Satoru Matsumoto Takeshi Morimoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-21-0035, (Released:2021-06-11)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
4

Background:Exercise loading is contraindicated for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS); however, everyday activities mandate the inclusion of a light load. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of exercise training for patients with severe AS who were admitted to a rehabilitation ward because of physical disability.Methods and Results:This historical cohort study was conducted at a single rehabilitation center in Japan. Patients admitted for rehabilitation of physical disability and those who met the definition of severe AS were analyzed. An exercise training program was implemented for patients with disability and severe AS. Cardiovascular symptoms during hospitalization were evaluated. Improvements in the performance of activities of daily living were assessed using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Eighteen patients undertook an exercise training program. The median patient age was 87 years (range 76–95 years). Of these patients, 3 died and another 3 were transferred to another hospital due to causes other than the exercise training program. None of the other patients experienced cardiovascular symptoms, and the FIM scores of 12 patients were significantly improved (median [range] scores at admission and discharge of 63 [32–88] and 87 [51–104], respectively; P<0.001).Conclusions:An exercise training program could be applied to patients with severe AS who were admitted for convalescent rehabilitation, because it can improve FIM scores.