著者
Kunio Yufu Tsuyoshi Shimomura Mami Fujinami Tatsunori Nakashima Shotaro Saito Reika Ayabe Kyoko Kawano Yumi Ishii Norihiro Okada Hidefumi Akioka Yasushi Teshima Teruo Sakamoto Mikiko Nakagawa Naohiko Takahashi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.241-247, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
13

Background:The mobile cloud electrocardiography (C-ECG) system is useful for reducing door-to-balloon (DTB) time in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but few studies have reported the usefulness of the C-ECG system across a wide provincial prefecture, such as Oita, in Japan.Methods and Results:On 17 April 2017, the C-ECG system was integrated into the Oita remote image transmission system, in 10 ambulances of 10 respective fire departments in Oita Prefecture. During 6 months, 162 ECG indicating suspected ACS were transmitted to 18 hospitals using the C-ECG system. Of 162 patients, 17 who received emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were assigned to the cloud group (mean age, 71±11 years). The control group consisted of 29 consecutive ACS patients who were transported to Oita University Hospital without using the C-ECG system (mean age, 66±12 years). Another 40 consecutive patients were diagnosed with ACS before transportation to Oita University Hospital, and were assigned to the diagnosed group (mean age, 70±14 years). DTB time (70±26 min vs. 96±24 min, P<0.005) and door-to-catheterization laboratory time (33±20 min vs. 53±22 min, P<0.0001) were shorter in the cloud group than in the control group, respectively.Conclusions:C-ECG system integration in Oita Prefecture was useful to appropriately transfer ACS patients to hospital and to facilitate earlier PCI than in the conventional diagnostic system.
著者
Jin Komuro Yuji Nagatomo Keitaro Mahara Mitsuaki Isobe Ayumi Goda Yasumori Sujino Atsushi Mizuno Yasuyuki Shiraishi Takashi Kohno Shun Kohsaka Tsutomu Yoshikawa West Tokyo Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.4, pp.162-170, 2019-04-10 (Released:2019-04-10)
参考文献数
31

Background: The concept of Clinical Scenario (CS) classification has been widely utilized to aid in choosing appropriate management strategies for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods and Results: The West Tokyo-Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry is a multicenter, prospective cohort registry enrolling consecutive hospitalized ADHF patients. Based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) at admission, 4,000 patients enrolled between 2006 and 2017 were classified into 3 groups: CS1, SBP ≥140 mmHg; CS2, 100≤SBP<140 mmHg; and CS3, SBP <100 mmHg. The CS1 group had a high rate of fluid retention such as leg edema, and the largest reduction in body weight at discharge. In-hospital diuretics use was the most frequent in CS1. Although the primary endpoint of long-term all-cause death and/or ADHF re-hospitalization was more common in more advanced CS, there was no significant difference between the 3 CS groups in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; P=0.10). Although more advanced CS was associated with larger left ventricular (LV) chamber size in HF with reduced EF (HFrEF), it was associated with smaller LV size in HFpEF. Conclusions: The long-term prognostic value of CS classification was limited in HFpEF. Whereas CS was closely associated with degree of LV remodeling in HFrEF, a smaller LV chamber might be associated with a lower cardiovascular functional reserve in HFpEF.
著者
Motoaki Sano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.4-7, 2019-01-10 (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
27

According to cardiovascular outcome trials, some anti-diabetic drugs can improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (empagliflozin, canagliflozin, and dapagliflozin) have a strong preventive effect on both hospitalization for heart failure and the decline in kidney function in patients with type 2 diabetes, while glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, especially human glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (liraglutide, semaglutide, and albiglutide), suppress arteriosclerotic diseases (stroke and myocardial infarction). Using these medications in combination could possibly prevent both hospitalization for heart failure and arteriosclerotic events. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are preferentially used as add-on therapy for type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular outcome trials conducted so far suggest that DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, alogliptin, and saxagliptin) do not promote arteriosclerotic disease, but there may be a difference between these drugs with regard to safety for heart failure. Previous cardiovascular outcome trials have mainly focused on type 2 diabetes patients with established cardiovascular disease. In contrast, the CARMELINA study investigated the cardiovascular safety of linagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, in patients with type 2 diabetes and kidney dysfunction.
著者
Taro Narumi Tetsu Watanabe Shigehiko Kato Harutoshi Tamura Satoshi Nishiyama Hiroki Takahashi Takanori Arimoto Tetsuro Shishido Masafumi Watanabe
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.255-260, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
24

Background:Insulin resistance as assessed using homeostasis model assessment ratio (HOMA-R) is associated with latent myocardial damage in apparently healthy subjects in health check. Meanwhile, diabetes mellitus (DM) is an unfavorable prognostic risk factor in patients with heart failure (HF). We examined the impact of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction on clinical outcomes in HF patients without DM.Methods and Results:This study enrolled 312 HF patients without DM. Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction was defined as HOMA-β <30%. A total of 108 patients (35%) had β-cell dysfunction. Plasma brain natriuretic peptide was higher in patients with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction compared with those without (625.2 vs. 399.0 pg/mL, P<0.001). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, a significantly higher cardiovascular events rate was observed in patients with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction (log-rank test, P=0.001), but there was no significant difference between patients with and without insulin resistance. On Cox hazard analysis, pancreatic β-cell dysfunction was independently associated with cardiovascular events after adjustment for confounding factors (HR, 1.58; 95% CI: 1.02–2.45), whereas insulin resistance was not associated with cardiovascular events.Conclusions:Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, but not insulin resistance, was associated with unfavorable outcome in HF patients without DM.
著者
Masaharu Kataoka Toru Satoh Hiromi Matsubara Koji Yamamoto Tsukasa Inada Kazunari Umezawa Tomohiko Takahashi Atsushi Nakano Keiichi Fukuda
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.268-275, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
15

Background:This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ambrisentan combination therapy with phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors in Japanese patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).Methods and Results:PAH patients who received ambrisentan for the first time in combination with a PDE5 inhibitor between January 2013 and the end of August 2015 were included in this study. Adverse drug reaction (ADR) safety analysis, as well as the efficacy analysis focusing on changes in clinical parameters, were investigated for overall cases and cases stratified by patient background. Forty-eight consecutive patients (n=21, 43.8% with idiopathic PAH; male/female, 18/30; average age, 43.3±17.4 years; World Health Organization functional class III/IV, n=22, 45.8%) who were treated with ambrisentan and a PDE5 inhibitor in Japan underwent the safety analysis. A total of 14 ADR occurred in 10 patients (20.8%). ADR included headache (8.3%), face edema (4.2%), angina pectoris (2.1%), hyperemia (2.1%), dyspnea (2.1%), pulmonary hypertension (i.e., worsening of PAH, 2.1%), nausea (2.1%), hepatic function abnormal (2.1%), edema (2.1%), and sudden death (2.1%). On analysis of hemodynamics parameters, there was a significant improvement in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (−13.5 mmHg, P=0.0001) and pulmonary vascular resistance (−563.53 dyn·s·cm−5, P=0.0033).Conclusions:Ambrisentan combination therapy is safe and effective in hemodynamics improvement.
著者
Junya Sado Kosuke Morikawa Satoshi Hattori Kosuke Kiyohara Tasuku Matsuyama Junichi Izawa Taku Iwami Yuri Kitamura Tomotaka Sobue Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.212-218, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27

Background:It is commonly believed that a full moon affects human behavior or the occurrence and outcome of various diseases; thus, the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might increase during full moon nights.Methods and Results:This nationwide, population-based observational study consecutively enrolled OHCA patients in Japan with attempted resuscitation between 2005 and 2016. The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of OHCA. Based on the double-control method, assuming Poisson sampling, we evaluated the average number of OHCA events that occurred on full moon nights compared with that which occurred on control nights, which included events that occurred on the same calendar days 1 week before and after the full moon nights. A total of 29,552 OHCA that occurred on 148 full moon nights and 58,707 OHCA that occurred on 296 control nights were eligible for analysis. The occurrence of OHCA did not differ between full moon and control nights (199.7 vs. 198.3 per night; relative risk [RR], 1.007; 95% CI: 0.993–1.021). On subgroup analysis, compared with control nights, the RR of OHCA occurrence were 1.013 (95% CI: 0.994–1.032, P=0.166) and 0.998 (95% CI: 0.977–1.020, P=0.866) for cardiac and non-cardiac origins, respectively.Conclusions:In this population, there was no significant difference in OHCA occurrence between full moon and control nights.
著者
Takashi Yamauchi Hiroshi Takano Hiroaki Miyata Noboru Motomura Shinichi Takamoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.3, pp.131-136, 2019-03-08 (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
30

Background: The aim of this study was to determine adequate indication for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We analyzed risk factors of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) not only for mortality, but also for morbidity, including long hospital stay (≥90 days) and patient activity at discharge, in patients who underwent SAVR for aortic stenosis (AS). Methods and Results: Using the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD), 13,961 patients with or without coronary artery bypass grafting who underwent elective SAVR for AS were identified from January 2008 to December 2012. The hospital mortality rate was 3.1%. The percentage of patients who had long hospital stay (≥90 days) and who had moderately or severely decompressed activity at discharge (modified Rankin scale ≥4) was 2.9% and 6.5%, respectively. Eleven and 20 preoperative predictors of hospital mortality and morbidity, respectively, including long hospital stay and compromised status at discharge, were identified. Based on these risk factors, the risk model predicted hospital mortality (area under the curve [AUC], 0.732) and morbidity (AUC, 0.694). Conclusions: Using JCVSD, a risk model of SAVR was developed for AS. This model can identify patients at high risk not only for mortality, but also for mortality and morbidity, including long hospital stay and status at discharge.
著者
Koji Ishikawa Arata Fukushima Takashi Yokota Shingo Takada Takaaki Furihata Naoya Kakutani Katsuma Yamanashi Yoshikuni Obata Ippei Nakano Takahiro Abe Shintaro Kinugawa Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.4, pp.179-186, 2019-04-10 (Released:2019-04-10)
参考文献数
41

Background: In heart failure (HF) management, early ambulation is recommended to prevent physical deconditioning. The effects of delayed ambulation on later clinical outcomes and the factors linked to delayed ambulation in hospitalized HF patients, however, remain unestablished. Methods and Results: We retrospectively investigated 101 patients (mean age, 66±17 years) who were hospitalized for acute decompensated HF. During the mean follow-up of 244±15 days after hospital discharge, 34 patients had cardiovascular events leading to death or unplanned readmission. Patients with cardiovascular events had longer median days to acquire ambulation than those without cardiovascular events (11 days, IQR, 8–20 days vs. 7 days, IQR, 5–15 days, P<0.001). The optimal cut-off period until initiation of ambulation to discriminate cardiovascular events was 8 days, indicating that longer days (≥8 days) to acquire ambulation was associated with higher rates of cardiovascular events, even after adjustment of multiple confounders. On multivariate analysis, age >65 years (odds ratio [OR], 2.49; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04–6.09) and increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN; OR, 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01–1.08) were independent predictors of delayed ambulation. Conclusions: Delayed ambulation is associated with older age and increased BUN in patients with acute HF. Time to ambulation in the recovery phase of acute HF is important, and delayed ambulation may increase the rate of cardiovascular events after hospital discharge.
著者
Masaki Tsuda Isamu Mizote Yasuhiro Ichibori Takashi Mukai Koichi Maeda Toshinari Onishi Toru Kuratani Yoshiki Sawa Yasushi Sakata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.3, pp.142-148, 2019-03-08 (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
29

Background: The outcome of redo transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation (TAVI) is unknown for TAV structural valve degeneration (SVD). This paper reports the initial results of redo TAVI for TAV-SVD in Japanese patients. Methods and Results: Of 630 consecutive patients, 6 (1.0%) underwent redo TAVI for TAV-SVD (689–1,932 days after the first TAVI). The first TAV were 23-mm balloon-expandable valves (BEV, n=5) and a 26-mm self-expandable valve (SEV, n=1). All patients underwent multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) before redo TAVI, which showed first-TAV under-expansion (range, 19.1–21.0 mm) compared with the label size. Two BEV and 4 SEV were successfully implanted as second TAV, without moderate/severe regurgitation or 30-day mortality. One of 2 patients with a BEV-inside-BEV implantation had a high transvalvular mean pressure gradient post-procedurally (34 mmHg) and required surgical valve replacement 248 days after the redo TAVI. This, however, was unnoted in patients with SEV implantation during redo TAVI. Planned coronary artery bypass grafting was concomitantly performed in 1 patient with a small sino-tubular junction and SEV-inside-SEV implantation because of the risk of coronary malperfusion caused by the first TAV leaflets. Five of the 6 patients survived during the follow-up period (range, 285–1,503 days). Conclusions: Redo TAVI for TAV-SVD appears safe and feasible, while specific strategies based on MDCT and device selection seem important for better outcomes.
著者
Naoya Kakutani Arata Fukushima Shintaro Kinugawa Takashi Yokota Tatsuya Oikawa Mikito Nishikawa Risako Nakamura Takanori Tsukada Shigeki Mori Ichiro Yoshida Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-19-0004, (Released:2019-02-19)
参考文献数
30

Background: Early ambulation has been shown to be associated with shorter hospital stay and better clinical outcomes in patients with acute heart failure (HF). Early mobilization program in combination with structured exercise training is recommended, but has yet to be developed and implemented in HF. Methods and Results: We developed a progressive mobilization program for HF patients that classifies the mobilization process into 7 stages based on disease condition and physical function. We retrospectively analyzed 136 patients with acute HF (80±11 years), who were assigned either to the mobilization program (intervention group, n=75) or to usual care (control group, n=61). The program was safely implemented without any adverse events. Hospital stay was significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with the control group (33±25 vs. 51±36 days, P<0.01). The intervention group had higher activities of daily living (ADL) score at discharge evaluated using the Barthel index (64±38 vs. 49±36, P<0.05). The intervention group also had a higher percentage of discharge to home (71% vs. 52%, P<0.05) and a lower rate of HF-related readmission (16% vs. 36%, P<0.05) compared with the control group. Conclusions: The progressive mobilization program for acute HF was feasible and was associated with better ADL and reduced hospital stay, leading to improvement of clinical outcome.
著者
Tomonobu Takikawa Takuya Sumi Kunihiko Takahara Yoshihiro Kawamura Shioh Ohguchi Mitsutoshi Oguri Hideki Ishii Toyoaki Murohara
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.87-93, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
31

Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of nutritional status on 1-year mortality in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods and Results: We enrolled 457 hospitalized ADHF patients. Previously established objective nutritional indexes (controlling nutritional status [CONUT], prognostic nutritional index [PNI], geriatric nutritional risk index [GNRI], and subjective global assessment [SGA]) were evaluated at hospital admission. Malnutrition was defined as CONUT score ≥5, PNI score <38, GNRI score <92, and SGA scores B and C. The frequencies of malnutrition based on CONUT, PNI, GNRI, and SGA were 31.5%, 21.4%, 44.9%, and 27.8%, respectively. All indexes were related to the occurrence of 1-year mortality on univariate Cox regression analysis (P<0.05). We constructed a reference model using age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, sodium concentration, and renal function on multivariable Cox regression analysis. Adding SGA to the reference model significantly improved both net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (0.344, P=0.002; 0.012, P=0.049; respectively). Other indexes (CONUT, PNI, and GNRI scores) significantly improved NRI (0.254, P=0.019; 0.273, P=0.013; 0.306, P=0.006; respectively). Conclusions: Nutritional screening assessed at hospital admission was appropriate for the prediction of 1-year mortality in hospitalized patients with ADHF.
著者
Hiromasa Otake Kosuke Tanimura Yoichiro Sugizaki Takayoshi Toba Hiroyuki Kawamori Toshiro Shinke Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.107-111, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
21

Background: Despite evidence of the effects of alirocumab on the incidence of acute coronary events, its impact on plaque stabilization remains uncertain. The present study will investigate the effect of alirocumab on fibroatheroma in patients who underwent recent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: This phase IV, open-label, randomized, blinded near-infrared spectroscopy plus intravascular ultrasound (NIRS-IVUS) analysis, parallel-group, single-center study will enroll Japanese adults recently hospitalized for PCI with suboptimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control (>70 mg/dL) despite stable statin therapy. Thirty patients will be randomized to receive either alirocumab or standard of care. The alirocumab group will receive alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks plus 10 mg rosuvastatin per day. The standard-of-care group will receive 10 mg rosuvastatin per day with dose adjustment to achieve LDL-C <70 mg/dL. Post-treatment NIRS-IVUS will be performed at week 36. The primary endpoint is the change in maximum lipid core burden index in 4-mm pullback compartments (maxLCBI[4 mm]) between baseline and week 36. Secondary endpoints include change in LCBI (lesion), angle of lipid core, plaque burden, and serum lipids and biomarkers related to atherosclerosis and inflammation. Conclusions: The study will clarify the effects of alirocumab on thin-cap fibroatheroma in patients who underwent recent PCI and who have suboptimal LDL-C control with stable statin therapy.
著者
Masato Matsushita Akihiro Shirakabe Nobuaki Kobayashi Hirotake Okazaki Yusaku Shibata Hiroki Goda Saori Uchiyama Kenichi Tani Kazutaka Kiuchi Noritake Hata Kuniya Asai Wataru Shimizu
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.61-70, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
20

Background: The features of sleep-associated acute heart failure (AHF) patients admitted at midnight or early morning (M/E) are unclear. Methods and Results: Of 1,268 AHF patients screened, 932 were analyzed, and divided into 2 groups by admission time (M/E group, 23:00–06:59, n=399; daytime group, 07:00–22:59, n=533). Those in the M/E group were further divided by the presence of a prodrome: with (n=176; prodrome group) or without (n=223; sudden onset group). The median time from symptom onset to hospitalization was significantly shorter in the M/E group (98 min; range, 65–170 min) than in the daytime group (123 min; range, 68–246 min). The 365-day HF event rate in the M/E group was significantly lower than that of the daytime group. On multivariate logistic regression modeling the M/E group was independently associated with a better outcome than the daytime group (OR, 0.673; 95% CI: 0.500–0.905). In the M/E group, the 365-day HF event rate was significantly lower in the prodrome group than in the sudden onset group. On multivariate logistic regression modeling, inclusion in the prodrome group was independently associated with a better outcome (OR, 0.544; 95% CI: 0.338–0.877). Conclusions: AHF patients admitted during sleeping hours were not sicker than those admitted during the daytime. The absence of a prodrome, however, might be associated with future repeated HF events.
著者
Naoki Tamada Kazuhiko Nakayama Kenichi Yanaka Hiroyuki Onishi Yuto Shinkura Yu Taniguchi Hiroto Kinutani Yasunori Tsuboi Kazuhiro P. Izawa Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi Hiromasa Otake Hiroshi Tanaka Toshiro Shinke Yutaka Okita Noriaki Emoto Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.228-234, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27

Background:While hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can be improved by invasive therapy such as pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), there has been little data on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in such patients.Methods and Results:This single-center and observational study compared the impact of invasive therapy on HRQOL. We utilized the Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short Health Survey (SF-36) to measure HRQOL and compared HRQOL changes after PEA and BPA. A total of 48 patients were diagnosed with CTEPH. Of these, 39 patients completed questionnaires before and after invasive therapy. The PEA group (n=15) and the BPA group (n=24) had similar improvements in clinical parameters. With regard to HRQOL score, both groups had fairly low scores in physical functioning (PF), role physical (RP), general health (GH), social functioning (SF), role emotional (RE), and physical component summary (PCS) at baseline. PF, GH, vitality (VT), mental health (MH), and PCS had significant improvements in the PEA group while PCS and all subscales except for bodily pain (BP) had significant improvements in the BPA group. Furthermore, changes between baseline and follow-up were not significantly different between the 2 groups.Conclusions:BPA for patients who are ineligible for PEA can recover HRQOL to a similar level to that achieved by PEA.
著者
Koutaro Yokote Junya Ako Kazuo Kitagawa Hyoe Inomata Toshihiko Sugioka Keiko Asao Yasuhiko Shinmura Junichiro Shimauchi Tamio Teramoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.219-227, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
15

Background:Evolocumab is the first monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) approved in Japan for the treatment of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and hypercholesterolemia (HC). This study assessed the 12-week effectiveness and safety of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering therapy by PCSK9 inhibition in patients with FH (homozygous [HoFH] or heterozygous [HeFH]) and HC by analyzing evolocumab data collected in the real-world setting in Japan.Methods and Results:Overall, 427 patients (mean±SD age, 61.6±13.8 years; female, 38.4%; 28 HoFH, 320 HeFH, 79 HC), enrolled from 299 clinical sites, were included in the safety analysis set. The major cardiovascular risk factors were coronary artery disease (77.3%), diabetes mellitus/impaired glucose tolerance (38.6%), and hypertension (65.1%). Median follow-up duration was 85.0 days. After 12 weeks of evolocumab treatment, the mean±SD percent change from baseline in LDL-C was −45.5%±27.0% (n=23) in HoFH (P<0.001 vs. baseline; t-test), −54.2%±29.0% (n=280) in HeFH (P<0.001), and −64.6%±22.4% (n=72) in HC (P<0.001) patients. The incidence of adverse drug reactions was 5.4% (23/427).Conclusions:Results suggest that patients receiving evolocumab treatment in the real-world setting were predominantly those with FH and HC in the secondary prevention group. LDL-C-lowering effectiveness with evolocumab was observed in FH (both HoFH and HeFH) and HC patients.
著者
Jeff Z. Chen Hisashi Sawada Jessica J. Moorleghen Mackenzie Weiland Alan Daugherty Mary B. Sheppard
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-18-0012, (Released:2019-04-27)
参考文献数
32

Background:High-frequency ultrasound has facilitated in vivo measurement of murine ascending aorta, allowing aortic strain to be determined from 2-D imaging. Thoracic aortic aneurysms associated with mutations infibrillin-1(FBN1) display elastin fragmentation, which may affect aortic strain. In this study, we determined the relationship between elastin fragmentation and aortic circumferential strain in wild-type (WT) and fibrillin-1 hypomorphic (FBN1mgR/mgR) mice.Methods and Results:Luminal diameter of the ascending aorta from WT andFBN1mgR/mgRmice was measured in systole and diastole. Expansion of the ascending aorta during systole in male and female WT mice was 0.21±0.02 mm (16.3%) and 0.21±0.01 mm (17.0%), respectively, while expansion in male and femaleFBN1mgR/mgRmice was 0.11±0.04 mm (4.9%) and 0.07±0.02 mm (4.5%), respectively. Reduced circumferential strain was observed inFBN1mgR/mgRmice compared with WT littermates. Elastin fragmentation was inversely correlated to circumferential strain (R2=0.628, P=0.004) and significantly correlated with aortic diameter (systole, R2=0.397, P=0.038; diastole, R2=0.515, P=0.013).Conclusions:FBN1mgR/mgRmice had increased aortic diameter, reduced circumferential strain, and increased elastin fragmentation. Elastin fragmentation inFBN1mgR/mgRand their WT littermates was correlated with reduced circumferential strain.