著者
Atsushi Mizuno Takuya Kishi Chisa Matsumoto Fujimi Kawai Mari Ishida Shoji Sanada Seiji Hokimoto Yoshihiko Saito Keiko Yamauchi-Takihara Issei Komuro Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-19-0046, (Released:2019-09-19)
参考文献数
37

Background:Twitter has become increasingly popular at annual medical congresses as a platform to communicate to attendees. In contrast, Twitter is not as frequently used in Japan as compared with other countries. Herein, we reviewed the literature and discuss the potential role and risks of “tweet the meeting” in Japan.Methods and Results:We performed a literature review to consider the recent trend of tweeting the meeting, including benefits and how to tweet, as well as potential risks. Upon officially deciding to tweet the meeting, a number of societies and professional organizations developed strategies to enhance the attendees’ experience using multiple modalities and guides. Although there are several risks, we provide a concise guide to tweeting the meeting for the Japanese audience, which could be useful for understanding what should be done before and during a conference.Conclusions:The use of Twitter at medical congresses has many possibilities, and there are numerous potentials in many areas. We should discuss this in the light of the benefits for congress attendees in Japan.
著者
Kunio Yufu Tsuyoshi Shimomura Mami Fujinami Tatsunori Nakashima Shotaro Saito Reika Ayabe Kyoko Kawano Yumi Ishii Norihiro Okada Hidefumi Akioka Yasushi Teshima Teruo Sakamoto Mikiko Nakagawa Naohiko Takahashi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.241-247, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
13

Background:The mobile cloud electrocardiography (C-ECG) system is useful for reducing door-to-balloon (DTB) time in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but few studies have reported the usefulness of the C-ECG system across a wide provincial prefecture, such as Oita, in Japan.Methods and Results:On 17 April 2017, the C-ECG system was integrated into the Oita remote image transmission system, in 10 ambulances of 10 respective fire departments in Oita Prefecture. During 6 months, 162 ECG indicating suspected ACS were transmitted to 18 hospitals using the C-ECG system. Of 162 patients, 17 who received emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were assigned to the cloud group (mean age, 71±11 years). The control group consisted of 29 consecutive ACS patients who were transported to Oita University Hospital without using the C-ECG system (mean age, 66±12 years). Another 40 consecutive patients were diagnosed with ACS before transportation to Oita University Hospital, and were assigned to the diagnosed group (mean age, 70±14 years). DTB time (70±26 min vs. 96±24 min, P<0.005) and door-to-catheterization laboratory time (33±20 min vs. 53±22 min, P<0.0001) were shorter in the cloud group than in the control group, respectively.Conclusions:C-ECG system integration in Oita Prefecture was useful to appropriately transfer ACS patients to hospital and to facilitate earlier PCI than in the conventional diagnostic system.
著者
Junya Sado Kosuke Morikawa Satoshi Hattori Kosuke Kiyohara Tasuku Matsuyama Junichi Izawa Taku Iwami Yuri Kitamura Tomotaka Sobue Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.212-218, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1

Background:It is commonly believed that a full moon affects human behavior or the occurrence and outcome of various diseases; thus, the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might increase during full moon nights.Methods and Results:This nationwide, population-based observational study consecutively enrolled OHCA patients in Japan with attempted resuscitation between 2005 and 2016. The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of OHCA. Based on the double-control method, assuming Poisson sampling, we evaluated the average number of OHCA events that occurred on full moon nights compared with that which occurred on control nights, which included events that occurred on the same calendar days 1 week before and after the full moon nights. A total of 29,552 OHCA that occurred on 148 full moon nights and 58,707 OHCA that occurred on 296 control nights were eligible for analysis. The occurrence of OHCA did not differ between full moon and control nights (199.7 vs. 198.3 per night; relative risk [RR], 1.007; 95% CI: 0.993–1.021). On subgroup analysis, compared with control nights, the RR of OHCA occurrence were 1.013 (95% CI: 0.994–1.032, P=0.166) and 0.998 (95% CI: 0.977–1.020, P=0.866) for cardiac and non-cardiac origins, respectively.Conclusions:In this population, there was no significant difference in OHCA occurrence between full moon and control nights.
著者
Keitaro Senoo Tomonori Miki Takashi Okura Hirokazu Shiraishi Takeshi Shirayama Keiji Inoue Tomohiko Sakatani Ken Kakita Tetsuhisa Hattori Kentaro Nakai Takanori Ikeda Satoaki Matoba
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.7, pp.345-350, 2020-07-10 (Released:2020-07-10)
参考文献数
21

Background:Hypertension in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is a known independent risk factor for stroke. The Complete blood pressure (BP) monitor (Omron Healthcare, Kyoto, Japan) was developed as the first BP monitor with electrocardiogram (ECG) capability in a single device to simultaneously monitor ECG and BP readings. This study investigated whether the Complete can accurately differentiate sinus rhythm (SR) from AF during BP measurement.Methods and Results:Fifty-six consecutive patients with persistent AF admitted for catheter ablation were enrolled in the study (mean age 65.8 years; 83.9% male). In all patients, 12-lead ECGs and simultaneous Complete recordings were acquired before and after ablation. The Complete interpretations were compared with physician-reviewed ECGs, whereas Complete recordings were reviewed by cardiologists in a blinded manner and compared with ECG interpretations. Sensitivity, specificity, and κ coefficient were also determined. In all, 164 Complete and ECG recordings were simultaneously acquired from the 56 patients. After excluding unclassified recordings, the Complete automated algorithm performed well, with 100% sensitivity, 86% specificity, and a κ coefficient of 0.87 compared with physician-interpreted ECGs. Physician-interpreted Complete recordings performed well, with 99% sensitivity, 85% specificity, and a κ coefficient of 0.85 compared with physician-interpreted ECGs.Conclusions:The Complete, which combines BP and ECG monitoring, can accurately differentiate SR from AF during BP measurement.
著者
Takaaki Sakai Shinichiro Miura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.7, pp.286-295, 2019-07-10 (Released:2019-07-10)
参考文献数
47

Background:Pathogenesis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) may involve endothelial dysfunction and abnormal vascular structure. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have beneficial cardiovascular effects and may improve vascular function in patients with HFpEF.Methods and Results:We recruited 184 patients with type 2 diabetes and HFpEF (mean age, 66.0±14.4 years) who were scheduled for treatment with SGLT2 inhibitors, had transthoracic echocardiogram to identify diastolic function, and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) to evaluate endothelial function, and assessed cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and carotid intima-media thickness as indices of vascular function and vascular structure, respectively. Body weight, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, remnant lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, and insulin resistance (IR) decreased, hematocrit and FMD increased significantly, and CAVI decreased significantly, after 12-week treatment (P<0.05). Short-term SGLT2 inhibitors improved diastolic function, significantly reducing the mitral ratios of septal E/early septal annular tissue Doppler velocity (P=0.003) and lateral E/early lateral e' (P=0.044). On multiple regression statistically significant associations were seen between ∆mean E/e' and ∆FMD, ∆CAVI, and ∆IR.Conclusions:SGLT2 inhibitors can improve diastolic function in patients with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that current treatment policies for diabetes should be re-examined. Further prospective studies with larger sample sizes could provide mechanistic insights into the benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors.
著者
Shingo Tsujinaga Hiroyuki Iwano Yasuyuki Chiba Suguru Ishizaka Miwa Sarashina Michito Murayama Masahiro Nakabachi Hisao Nishino Shinobu Yokoyama Kazunori Okada Sanae Kaga Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.5, pp.271-279, 2020-05-08 (Released:2020-05-08)
参考文献数
27

Background:Ventilatory inefficiency during exercise assessed using the lowest minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production (V̇E/V̇CO2) ratio was recently proven to be a strong prognostic marker of heart failure (HF) regardless of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Its physiological background, however, has not been elucidated.Methods and Results:Fifty-seven HF patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing and exercise-stress echocardiography. The lowest V̇E/V̇CO2ratio was assessed on respiratory gas analysis. Echocardiography was obtained at rest and at peak exercise. LVEF was measured using the method of disks. Cardiac output (CO) and the ratio of transmitral early filling velocity (E) to early diastolic tissue velocity (e’) were calculated using the Doppler method. HF patients were divided into preserved EF (HFpEF) and reduced EF (HFrEF) using the LVEF cut-off 40% at rest. Twenty-four patients were classified as HFpEF and 33 as HFrEF. In HFpEF, age (r=0.58), CO (r=−0.44), e’ (r=−0.48) and E/e’ (r=0.45) during exercise correlated with the lowest V̇E/V̇CO2ratio (P<0.05 for all). In contrast, in HFrEF, age (r=0.47) and CO (r=−0.54) during exercise, but not e’ and E/e’, correlated with the lowest V̇E/V̇CO2ratio.Conclusions:Loss of CO augmentation was associated with ventilatory inefficiency in HF regardless of LVEF, although lung congestion determined ventilatory efficiency only in HFpEF.
著者
Kanae Su Takao Kato Mamoru Toyofuku Takeshi Morimoto Hidenori Yaku Yasutaka Inuzuka Yodo Tamaki Neiko Ozasa Erika Yamamoto Yusuke Yoshikawa Yasuyo Motohashi Hiroki Watanabe Takeshi Kitai Ryoji Taniguchi Moritake Iguchi Masashi Kato Kazuya Nagao Takafumi Kawai Akihiro Komasa Ryusuke Nishikawa Yuichi Kawase Takashi Morinaga Toshikazu Jinnai Mitsunori Kawato Yukihito Sato Koichiro Kuwahara Takashi Tamura Takeshi Kimura KCHF Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.11, pp.517-524, 2019-11-08 (Released:2019-11-08)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

Background:We sought to explore the effects of previous heart failure (HF) hospitalization on mortality in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF (ADHF) in a large Japanese contemporary observational database.Methods and Results:We prospectively enrolled consecutive patients with ADHF in 19 participating hospitals between October 2014 and March 2016. Of 4,056 patients, 1,442 patients (35.4%) had at least 1 previous HF hospitalization (previous hospitalization group), while 2,614 patients (64.5%) did not have a history of HF hospitalization (de novo hospitalization group). Patients with previous hospitalization were older and more often had comorbidities such as anemia, and renal failure than those without. The cumulative 1-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the previous hospitalization group than in the de novo hospitalization group (28% vs. 19%, P<0.001). After adjusting confounders, the excess risk of the previous hospitalization group relative to the de novo hospitalization group for all-cause death remained significant (HR, 1.28; 95% CI: 1.10–1.50, P=0.001). The excess risk was significant in patients without advanced age, anemia, or renal failure, but not significant in patients with these comorbidities, with significant interaction. Increase in the number of hospitalizations was associated with an increased risk for mortality.Conclusions:In a contemporary ADHF cohort in Japan, repeated hospitalization was associated with an increasing, higher risk for 1-year mortality.
著者
Mayu Yazaki Takeru Nabeta Takayuki Inomata Kenji Maemura Takumi Ooki Teppei Fujita Yuichiro Iida Yuki Ikeda Shunsuke Ishii Takashi Naruke Junya Ako
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.1, pp.51-59, 2020-01-10 (Released:2020-01-10)
参考文献数
35

Background:In patients with heart failure (HF), discontinued medical therapy because of adverse events (AE) is associated with high mortality. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have a lower risk of HF, but AE sometimes occur with the introduction of SGLT2i. In order to use SGLT2i safely in patients with HF, we investigated factors associated with AE following the introduction of SGLT2i.Methods and Results:AE were defined as hypotension or an increase in serum creatinine ≥0.3 mg/dL by the fifth day after SGLT2i introduction. Sixty-four hospitalized patients with HF and T2DM treated with an SGLT2i were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups: with AE (n=13, 20.3%) and without (n=51, 79.7%). On logistic regression analysis, female sex, hemoglobin ≥15.2 g/dL, serum creatinine ≥1.05 mg/dL, and cardiac index on echocardiography ≤2.15 L/min/m2, were significantly associated with AE. A scoring system was constructed to predict AE according to significant variables (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.83; P<0.001) and the cut-off point was 2 points.Conclusions:Female sex, hemoconcentration, kidney injury, and low cardiac output were associated with AE at SGLT2i initiation in patients with HF. Using this scoring system, introduction of SGLT2i could be done safely in patients with HF.
著者
Shinichi Goto Shinya Goto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.11, pp.481-486, 2019-11-08 (Released:2019-11-08)
参考文献数
40

The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is a fast, non-invasive, powerful tool to diagnose or to evaluate the risk of various cardiac diseases. The vast majority of arrhythmias are diagnosed solely on 12-lead ECG. Initial detection of myocardial ischemia such as myocardial infarction (MI), acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and effort angina is also dependent upon 12-lead ECG. ECG reflects the electrophysiological state of the heart through body mass, and thus contains important information on the electricity-dependent function of the human heart. Indeed, 12-lead ECG data are complex. Therefore, the clinical interpretation of 12-lead ECG requires intense training, but still is prone to interobserver variability. Even with rich clinically relevant data, non-trained physicians cannot efficiently use this powerful tool. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that 12-lead ECG may contain information that is not recognized even by well-trained experts but which can be extracted by computer. Artificial intelligence (AI) based on neural networks (NN) has emerged as a strong tool to extract valuable information from ECG for clinical decision making. This article reviews the current status of the application of NN-based AI to the interpretation of 12-lead ECG and also discusses the current problems and future directions.
著者
Junichi Sugita Katsuhito Fujiu
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.12, pp.558-563, 2019-12-10 (Released:2019-12-10)
参考文献数
60

Maintaining a coordinated heart rhythm is essential for maintaining the heart’s pumping function and blood circulation. Every heartbeat is generated by electrical impulse propagation that is passing through gap junctions, which are composed of connexin proteins. In mammalian hearts, Cx43, Cx40, Cx45, and Cx30.2 are expressed and regulated by post-translational modification. Cardiac macrophages account for only a small number of total heart cells, but they reside all around the heart. They are primarily established prenatally, and they arise from embryonic yolk sac progenitors. Recently, increasing attention has been directed toward novel roles for cardiac resident macrophages, especially in the heart’s electrical impulse conduction. Here, we provide an overview of the recent findings on connexins, with a focus on the emerging function of cardiac macrophages, and we discuss the future directions of treatment for heart disease.
著者
Noriaki Iwahashi Hironori Takahashi Takeru Abe Kozo Okada Eiichi Akiyama Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Nobuhiko Maejima Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.10, pp.422-430, 2019-10-10 (Released:2019-10-10)
参考文献数
30

Background:We investigated the clinical usefulness of landiolol for rapid atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and identify the patients eligible for landiolol.Methods and Results:A total of 101 ADHF patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) with rapid AF were enrolled. Immediately after admission, an initial dose of landiolol was given (1 μg/kg−1/min−1), and then the dose was increased to decrease heart rate (HR) to <110 beats/min and change HR (∆HR) >20% in ≤24 h. Thirty-seven were monitored using right heart catheterization at 3 points (baseline, 1 μg/kg−1/min−1, and maximum dose). We checked the major adverse events (MAE) during initial hospitalization, which included cardiac death, HF prolongation (required i.v. treatment at 30 days), and worsening renal function. The average maximum dose of landiolol was 3.8±2.3 μg/kg−1/min−1. HR (P<0.0001) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (P=0.0008) decreased safely. MAE occurred in 39 patients. The patients with left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume index <84.0 mL/m2and mean blood pressure (mean BP) >97 mmHg had less frequent MAE (P<0.0001).Conclusions:Landiolol was effective for safely controlling rapid AF in patients with HFrEF with ADHF, leading to hemodynamic improvement and avoidance of short-term MAE, especially in patients with relatively smaller LV and higher BP.
著者
Shuhei Tsuji Satoshi Koyama Ryoji Taniguchi Takako Fujiwara Hisayoshi Fujiwara Yukihito Sato
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.10, pp.456-461, 2019-10-10 (Released:2019-10-10)
参考文献数
20

Background:Decreased skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) is a major complication of severe chronic heart failure (HF), but no appropriate indices have been developed to predict decreased SMI.Methods and Results:We enrolled patients with a structural heart disease or history of HF and collected body composition and blood sample data, including serum amino acid concentration. On multivariate logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, serum branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) concentration was a significant predictor of decreased SMI at 1-year follow-up.Conclusions:Serum BCAA concentration at baseline was significantly associated with decreased SMI at 1-year follow-up.
著者
Masaki Nakagaito Shuji Joho Ryuichi Ushijima Makiko Nakamura Koichiro Kinugawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-19-0070, (Released:2019-09-27)
参考文献数
28

Background:Three sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i), canagliflozin, dapagliflozin and empagliflozin, successfully reduced hospitalization for heart failure (HF) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It remains unclear, however, whether the efficacy of the 3 SGLT2i for HF in T2DM patients is similar.Methods and Results:Eighty-one T2DM patients hospitalized due to decompensated HF were enrolled. After treatment for HF, one of the 3 SGLT2i was non-randomly used, and clinical parameters for HF and T2DM were followed for 7 days. The attending physician was allowed to adjust the dose of furosemide. No differences were observed between the 3 groups in the increase of glycosuria, or in the decreases of body weight and blood pressure 7 days after SGLT2i (interaction P>0.05). Urine volume was similarly increased on day 1, and returned to the baseline on day 7 in each group. Decrease in B-type natriuretic peptide and increase in plasma renin activity were significant in each group. Plasma aldosterone concentration, however, was significantly increased in the empagliflozin and canagliflozin groups (P<0.01, respectively), but not in the dapagliflozin group. Additionally, plasma noradrenaline was significantly increased in the empagliflozin group (P<0.01), but not in the canagliflozin and dapagliflozin groups.Conclusions:The neurohumoral responses to the 3 SGLT2i are different under similar volume correction in HF patients with T2DM.
著者
Jin Komuro Yuji Nagatomo Keitaro Mahara Mitsuaki Isobe Ayumi Goda Yasumori Sujino Atsushi Mizuno Yasuyuki Shiraishi Takashi Kohno Shun Kohsaka Tsutomu Yoshikawa West Tokyo Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.4, pp.162-170, 2019-04-10 (Released:2019-04-10)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

Background: The concept of Clinical Scenario (CS) classification has been widely utilized to aid in choosing appropriate management strategies for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods and Results: The West Tokyo-Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry is a multicenter, prospective cohort registry enrolling consecutive hospitalized ADHF patients. Based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) at admission, 4,000 patients enrolled between 2006 and 2017 were classified into 3 groups: CS1, SBP ≥140 mmHg; CS2, 100≤SBP<140 mmHg; and CS3, SBP <100 mmHg. The CS1 group had a high rate of fluid retention such as leg edema, and the largest reduction in body weight at discharge. In-hospital diuretics use was the most frequent in CS1. Although the primary endpoint of long-term all-cause death and/or ADHF re-hospitalization was more common in more advanced CS, there was no significant difference between the 3 CS groups in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; P=0.10). Although more advanced CS was associated with larger left ventricular (LV) chamber size in HF with reduced EF (HFrEF), it was associated with smaller LV size in HFpEF. Conclusions: The long-term prognostic value of CS classification was limited in HFpEF. Whereas CS was closely associated with degree of LV remodeling in HFrEF, a smaller LV chamber might be associated with a lower cardiovascular functional reserve in HFpEF.
著者
Motoaki Sano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.4-7, 2019-01-10 (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
27

According to cardiovascular outcome trials, some anti-diabetic drugs can improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (empagliflozin, canagliflozin, and dapagliflozin) have a strong preventive effect on both hospitalization for heart failure and the decline in kidney function in patients with type 2 diabetes, while glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, especially human glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (liraglutide, semaglutide, and albiglutide), suppress arteriosclerotic diseases (stroke and myocardial infarction). Using these medications in combination could possibly prevent both hospitalization for heart failure and arteriosclerotic events. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are preferentially used as add-on therapy for type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular outcome trials conducted so far suggest that DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, alogliptin, and saxagliptin) do not promote arteriosclerotic disease, but there may be a difference between these drugs with regard to safety for heart failure. Previous cardiovascular outcome trials have mainly focused on type 2 diabetes patients with established cardiovascular disease. In contrast, the CARMELINA study investigated the cardiovascular safety of linagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, in patients with type 2 diabetes and kidney dysfunction.
著者
Bolrathanak Oeun Daisaku Nakatani Shungo Hikoso Takayuki Kojima Tomoharu Dohi Tetsuhisa Kitamura Katsuki Okada Akihiro Sunaga Hirota Kida Takahisa Yamada Masaaki Uematsu Yoshio Yasumura Yoshiharu Higuchi Toshiaki Mano Yoshiyuki Nagai Hisakazu Fuji Hiroya Mizuno Yasushi Sakata for the Osaka CardioVascular Conference (OCVC) Heart Failure Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.8, pp.400-408, 2020-08-07 (Released:2020-08-07)
参考文献数
32

Background:Little is known about factors associated with elevated N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) at the convalescent stage and their effects on 1-year outcomes in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Methods and Results:This study included 469 patients with HFpEF. Elevated NT-proBNP was defined as the highest quartile. The first 3 quartiles (Q1–Q3) were combined together for comparison with the fourth quartile (Q4). Median NT-proBNP concentrations in Q1–Q3 and Q4 were 669 and 3,504 pg/mL, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that low albumin (odds ratio [OR] 2.44; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35–4.39; P=0.003), low estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR 5.83; 95% CI 3.46–9.83; P<0.001), high C-reactive protein (OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.21–3.63; P=0.009), and atrial fibrillation at discharge (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.40–3.89; P=0.001) were associated with elevated NT-proBNP. Cumulative rates of all-cause mortality and heart failure rehospitalization were significantly higher in Q4 than in Q1–Q3 (P=0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). Incidence and hazard ratios of these adverse events increased when the number of associated factors for elevated NT-proBNP clustered together (P<0.001 and P=0.002, respectively).Conclusions:In addition to atrial fibrillation, extracardiac factors (malnutrition, renal impairment and inflammation) were associated with elevated NT-proBNP at the convalescent stage, and led to poor prognosis in patients with HFpEF.
著者
Hidehiro Kaneko Hidetaka Itoh Haruki Yotsumoto Hiroyuki Kiriyama Tatsuya Kamon Katsuhito Fujiu Kojiro Morita Nobuaki Michihata Taisuke Jo Hiroyuki Morita Hideo Yasunaga Issei Komuro
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.8, pp.393-399, 2020-08-07 (Released:2020-08-07)
参考文献数
30

Background:Although the aged population is increasing in developed countries, clinical evidence on super-elderly heart failure (HF) patients is scarce. This study determined the characteristics and outcomes of Japanese hospitalized super-elderly HF patients (aged ≥90 years) using a nationwide inpatient database.Methods and Results:A comprehensive analysis was performed of 447,818 HF patients in the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database who were hospitalized and discharged between January 2010 and March 2018. Among the study population, 243,028 patients (54.3%) were aged ≥80 years and 64,628 patients (14.4%) were aged ≥90 years. The percentage of elderly patients increased over time. Elderly patients were more likely to be female and had a higher New York Heart Association functional class at admission. Invasive and advanced procedures were rarely performed, whereas infectious complications were more common in patients with older age. Length of hospital stay and in-hospital mortality increased with age. Multivariable logistic regression analysis fitted with a generalized estimating equation showed higher in-hospital mortality in patients aged ≥80 and ≥90 years (odds ratios 1.99 and 3.23, respectively) compared with those aged <80 years.Conclusions:The number of hospitalized super-elderly HF patients has increased, and these patients are associated with worse clinical outcomes. The results of this study may be useful in establishing an optimal management strategy for super-elderly HF patients in the era of HF pandemic.