著者
Atsushi Mizuno Takuya Kishi Chisa Matsumoto Fujimi Kawai Mari Ishida Shoji Sanada Seiji Hokimoto Yoshihiko Saito Keiko Yamauchi-Takihara Issei Komuro Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-19-0046, (Released:2019-09-19)
参考文献数
37

Background:Twitter has become increasingly popular at annual medical congresses as a platform to communicate to attendees. In contrast, Twitter is not as frequently used in Japan as compared with other countries. Herein, we reviewed the literature and discuss the potential role and risks of “tweet the meeting” in Japan.Methods and Results:We performed a literature review to consider the recent trend of tweeting the meeting, including benefits and how to tweet, as well as potential risks. Upon officially deciding to tweet the meeting, a number of societies and professional organizations developed strategies to enhance the attendees’ experience using multiple modalities and guides. Although there are several risks, we provide a concise guide to tweeting the meeting for the Japanese audience, which could be useful for understanding what should be done before and during a conference.Conclusions:The use of Twitter at medical congresses has many possibilities, and there are numerous potentials in many areas. We should discuss this in the light of the benefits for congress attendees in Japan.
著者
Kunio Yufu Tsuyoshi Shimomura Mami Fujinami Tatsunori Nakashima Shotaro Saito Reika Ayabe Kyoko Kawano Yumi Ishii Norihiro Okada Hidefumi Akioka Yasushi Teshima Teruo Sakamoto Mikiko Nakagawa Naohiko Takahashi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.241-247, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
13

Background:The mobile cloud electrocardiography (C-ECG) system is useful for reducing door-to-balloon (DTB) time in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but few studies have reported the usefulness of the C-ECG system across a wide provincial prefecture, such as Oita, in Japan.Methods and Results:On 17 April 2017, the C-ECG system was integrated into the Oita remote image transmission system, in 10 ambulances of 10 respective fire departments in Oita Prefecture. During 6 months, 162 ECG indicating suspected ACS were transmitted to 18 hospitals using the C-ECG system. Of 162 patients, 17 who received emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were assigned to the cloud group (mean age, 71±11 years). The control group consisted of 29 consecutive ACS patients who were transported to Oita University Hospital without using the C-ECG system (mean age, 66±12 years). Another 40 consecutive patients were diagnosed with ACS before transportation to Oita University Hospital, and were assigned to the diagnosed group (mean age, 70±14 years). DTB time (70±26 min vs. 96±24 min, P<0.005) and door-to-catheterization laboratory time (33±20 min vs. 53±22 min, P<0.0001) were shorter in the cloud group than in the control group, respectively.Conclusions:C-ECG system integration in Oita Prefecture was useful to appropriately transfer ACS patients to hospital and to facilitate earlier PCI than in the conventional diagnostic system.
著者
Takaaki Sakai Shinichiro Miura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.7, pp.286-295, 2019-07-10 (Released:2019-07-10)
参考文献数
47

Background:Pathogenesis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) may involve endothelial dysfunction and abnormal vascular structure. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have beneficial cardiovascular effects and may improve vascular function in patients with HFpEF.Methods and Results:We recruited 184 patients with type 2 diabetes and HFpEF (mean age, 66.0±14.4 years) who were scheduled for treatment with SGLT2 inhibitors, had transthoracic echocardiogram to identify diastolic function, and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) to evaluate endothelial function, and assessed cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and carotid intima-media thickness as indices of vascular function and vascular structure, respectively. Body weight, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, remnant lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, and insulin resistance (IR) decreased, hematocrit and FMD increased significantly, and CAVI decreased significantly, after 12-week treatment (P<0.05). Short-term SGLT2 inhibitors improved diastolic function, significantly reducing the mitral ratios of septal E/early septal annular tissue Doppler velocity (P=0.003) and lateral E/early lateral e' (P=0.044). On multiple regression statistically significant associations were seen between ∆mean E/e' and ∆FMD, ∆CAVI, and ∆IR.Conclusions:SGLT2 inhibitors can improve diastolic function in patients with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that current treatment policies for diabetes should be re-examined. Further prospective studies with larger sample sizes could provide mechanistic insights into the benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors.
著者
Jin Komuro Yuji Nagatomo Keitaro Mahara Mitsuaki Isobe Ayumi Goda Yasumori Sujino Atsushi Mizuno Yasuyuki Shiraishi Takashi Kohno Shun Kohsaka Tsutomu Yoshikawa West Tokyo Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.4, pp.162-170, 2019-04-10 (Released:2019-04-10)
参考文献数
31

Background: The concept of Clinical Scenario (CS) classification has been widely utilized to aid in choosing appropriate management strategies for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods and Results: The West Tokyo-Heart Failure (WET-HF) Registry is a multicenter, prospective cohort registry enrolling consecutive hospitalized ADHF patients. Based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) at admission, 4,000 patients enrolled between 2006 and 2017 were classified into 3 groups: CS1, SBP ≥140 mmHg; CS2, 100≤SBP<140 mmHg; and CS3, SBP <100 mmHg. The CS1 group had a high rate of fluid retention such as leg edema, and the largest reduction in body weight at discharge. In-hospital diuretics use was the most frequent in CS1. Although the primary endpoint of long-term all-cause death and/or ADHF re-hospitalization was more common in more advanced CS, there was no significant difference between the 3 CS groups in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF; P=0.10). Although more advanced CS was associated with larger left ventricular (LV) chamber size in HF with reduced EF (HFrEF), it was associated with smaller LV size in HFpEF. Conclusions: The long-term prognostic value of CS classification was limited in HFpEF. Whereas CS was closely associated with degree of LV remodeling in HFrEF, a smaller LV chamber might be associated with a lower cardiovascular functional reserve in HFpEF.
著者
Motoaki Sano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.4-7, 2019-01-10 (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
27

According to cardiovascular outcome trials, some anti-diabetic drugs can improve cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (empagliflozin, canagliflozin, and dapagliflozin) have a strong preventive effect on both hospitalization for heart failure and the decline in kidney function in patients with type 2 diabetes, while glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, especially human glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (liraglutide, semaglutide, and albiglutide), suppress arteriosclerotic diseases (stroke and myocardial infarction). Using these medications in combination could possibly prevent both hospitalization for heart failure and arteriosclerotic events. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are preferentially used as add-on therapy for type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular outcome trials conducted so far suggest that DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin, alogliptin, and saxagliptin) do not promote arteriosclerotic disease, but there may be a difference between these drugs with regard to safety for heart failure. Previous cardiovascular outcome trials have mainly focused on type 2 diabetes patients with established cardiovascular disease. In contrast, the CARMELINA study investigated the cardiovascular safety of linagliptin, a DPP-4 inhibitor, in patients with type 2 diabetes and kidney dysfunction.
著者
Risako Nakao Michinobu Nagao Kenji Fukushima Akiko Sakai Eri Watanabe Masateru Kawakubo Shuji Sakai Nobuhisa Hagiwara
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-18-0024, (Released:2019-07-26)
参考文献数
33

Background:We investigated the association between left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and vortex flow (VF), and whether cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response can be predicted using VF mapping (VFM) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).Methods and Results:Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging data for 20 patients with heart failure (HF) with LVEF ≥40% and 25 patients with DCM with LVEF <40%, scheduled for CRT, were retrospectively analyzed. The maximum VF (MVF) on short-axis, long-axis and 4-chamber LV cine imaging were calculated using VFM. Summed MVF was used as a representative value for each case and was significantly greater for patients with DCM than for patients with HF with LVEF ≥40% (25.2±19.2% vs. 12.1±15.4%, P<0.005). Summed MVF was significantly greater for CRT responders (n=12, 35.8±22.7%) than for non-responders (n=13, 15.8±8.7%, P=0.04) during the mean follow-up period of 38.4 months after CRT. Patients with summed MVF ≥31.3% had a significantly higher major adverse cardiac event-free rate than those with MVF <31.3% (log-rank=4.51, P<0.05).Conclusions:On VFM analysis, LV VF interrupted efficient ejection in HF. Summed MVF can predict CRT response in DCM.
著者
Taro Narumi Tetsu Watanabe Shigehiko Kato Harutoshi Tamura Satoshi Nishiyama Hiroki Takahashi Takanori Arimoto Tetsuro Shishido Masafumi Watanabe
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.255-260, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
24

Background:Insulin resistance as assessed using homeostasis model assessment ratio (HOMA-R) is associated with latent myocardial damage in apparently healthy subjects in health check. Meanwhile, diabetes mellitus (DM) is an unfavorable prognostic risk factor in patients with heart failure (HF). We examined the impact of pancreatic β-cell dysfunction on clinical outcomes in HF patients without DM.Methods and Results:This study enrolled 312 HF patients without DM. Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction was defined as HOMA-β <30%. A total of 108 patients (35%) had β-cell dysfunction. Plasma brain natriuretic peptide was higher in patients with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction compared with those without (625.2 vs. 399.0 pg/mL, P<0.001). On Kaplan-Meier analysis, a significantly higher cardiovascular events rate was observed in patients with pancreatic β-cell dysfunction (log-rank test, P=0.001), but there was no significant difference between patients with and without insulin resistance. On Cox hazard analysis, pancreatic β-cell dysfunction was independently associated with cardiovascular events after adjustment for confounding factors (HR, 1.58; 95% CI: 1.02–2.45), whereas insulin resistance was not associated with cardiovascular events.Conclusions:Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, but not insulin resistance, was associated with unfavorable outcome in HF patients without DM.
著者
Masaharu Kataoka Toru Satoh Hiromi Matsubara Koji Yamamoto Tsukasa Inada Kazunari Umezawa Tomohiko Takahashi Atsushi Nakano Keiichi Fukuda
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.6, pp.268-275, 2019-06-10 (Released:2019-06-10)
参考文献数
15

Background:This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ambrisentan combination therapy with phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors in Japanese patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).Methods and Results:PAH patients who received ambrisentan for the first time in combination with a PDE5 inhibitor between January 2013 and the end of August 2015 were included in this study. Adverse drug reaction (ADR) safety analysis, as well as the efficacy analysis focusing on changes in clinical parameters, were investigated for overall cases and cases stratified by patient background. Forty-eight consecutive patients (n=21, 43.8% with idiopathic PAH; male/female, 18/30; average age, 43.3±17.4 years; World Health Organization functional class III/IV, n=22, 45.8%) who were treated with ambrisentan and a PDE5 inhibitor in Japan underwent the safety analysis. A total of 14 ADR occurred in 10 patients (20.8%). ADR included headache (8.3%), face edema (4.2%), angina pectoris (2.1%), hyperemia (2.1%), dyspnea (2.1%), pulmonary hypertension (i.e., worsening of PAH, 2.1%), nausea (2.1%), hepatic function abnormal (2.1%), edema (2.1%), and sudden death (2.1%). On analysis of hemodynamics parameters, there was a significant improvement in the mean pulmonary arterial pressure (−13.5 mmHg, P=0.0001) and pulmonary vascular resistance (−563.53 dyn·s·cm−5, P=0.0033).Conclusions:Ambrisentan combination therapy is safe and effective in hemodynamics improvement.
著者
Junya Sado Kosuke Morikawa Satoshi Hattori Kosuke Kiyohara Tasuku Matsuyama Junichi Izawa Taku Iwami Yuri Kitamura Tomotaka Sobue Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.212-218, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27

Background:It is commonly believed that a full moon affects human behavior or the occurrence and outcome of various diseases; thus, the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might increase during full moon nights.Methods and Results:This nationwide, population-based observational study consecutively enrolled OHCA patients in Japan with attempted resuscitation between 2005 and 2016. The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of OHCA. Based on the double-control method, assuming Poisson sampling, we evaluated the average number of OHCA events that occurred on full moon nights compared with that which occurred on control nights, which included events that occurred on the same calendar days 1 week before and after the full moon nights. A total of 29,552 OHCA that occurred on 148 full moon nights and 58,707 OHCA that occurred on 296 control nights were eligible for analysis. The occurrence of OHCA did not differ between full moon and control nights (199.7 vs. 198.3 per night; relative risk [RR], 1.007; 95% CI: 0.993–1.021). On subgroup analysis, compared with control nights, the RR of OHCA occurrence were 1.013 (95% CI: 0.994–1.032, P=0.166) and 0.998 (95% CI: 0.977–1.020, P=0.866) for cardiac and non-cardiac origins, respectively.Conclusions:In this population, there was no significant difference in OHCA occurrence between full moon and control nights.
著者
Takashi Yamauchi Hiroshi Takano Hiroaki Miyata Noboru Motomura Shinichi Takamoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.3, pp.131-136, 2019-03-08 (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
30

Background: The aim of this study was to determine adequate indication for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We analyzed risk factors of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) not only for mortality, but also for morbidity, including long hospital stay (≥90 days) and patient activity at discharge, in patients who underwent SAVR for aortic stenosis (AS). Methods and Results: Using the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD), 13,961 patients with or without coronary artery bypass grafting who underwent elective SAVR for AS were identified from January 2008 to December 2012. The hospital mortality rate was 3.1%. The percentage of patients who had long hospital stay (≥90 days) and who had moderately or severely decompressed activity at discharge (modified Rankin scale ≥4) was 2.9% and 6.5%, respectively. Eleven and 20 preoperative predictors of hospital mortality and morbidity, respectively, including long hospital stay and compromised status at discharge, were identified. Based on these risk factors, the risk model predicted hospital mortality (area under the curve [AUC], 0.732) and morbidity (AUC, 0.694). Conclusions: Using JCVSD, a risk model of SAVR was developed for AS. This model can identify patients at high risk not only for mortality, but also for mortality and morbidity, including long hospital stay and status at discharge.
著者
Yoshiaki Ohyama Norimichi Koitabashi Tetsuya Nakamura Yoko Sumita Michikazu Nakai Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Masahiko Kurabayashi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.7, pp.296-302, 2019-07-10 (Released:2019-07-10)
参考文献数
23

Background:Previous randomized clinical studies have raised concerns about whether inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) can benefit patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). The present study therefore investigated whether IVCF are associated with in-hospital mortality in Japan.Methods and Results:This study was based on the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database in the Japanese Registry of All Cardiac and Vascular Datasets (JROAD-DPC). Of 2,368,165 patients included in JROAD-DPC, we identified 28,238 who were hospitalized with VTE between 2012 and 2014. We compared in-hospital mortality rates between patients with or without IVCF using propensity score (PS) matching. PS were estimated using logistic regression models in which IVCF was the dependent variable. The other variables consisted of age, sex, Charlson comorbidity index, anti-thrombotic agents and clinical disease status. Patients were aged 68±16 years, and 59.7% were female. Of 28,238 patients, 6,937 (24.5%) were treated with an IVCF. The overall in-hospital mortality was 4.3%. On PS-matched analysis in-hospital mortality was significantly lower with, than without, IVCF (3.1% vs. 4.4%, P<0.001; OR, 0.65; 95% CI: 0.54–0.79).Conclusions:Having an IVCF was independently associated with lower in-hospital mortality in Japanese patients with VTE. This is in sharp contrast to the benefits of IVCF in other countries. The reasons for this difference require further investigation.
著者
Akihiro Hirashiki Takahisa Kondo Shiro Adachi Yoshihisa Nakano Yoshihiro Kamimura Shigetake Shimokata Naoki Okumura Atsuya Shimizu Yukihiko Washimi Hidenori Arai Toyoaki Murohara on behalf of the GOOD EYE Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.7, pp.303-311, 2019-07-10 (Released:2019-07-10)
参考文献数
39

Background:Many treatment options are available for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but specific recommendations for long-term treatment are unavailable. We compared prognosis in PAH patients receiving goal-oriented, sequential combination therapy evaluated using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) parameters or conventional empiric therapy.Methods and Results:The Goal-Oriented Therapy Evaluated by Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (GOOD EYE) study was a multicenter, retrospective/prospective study in which a total of 129 patients with newly diagnosed PAH were enrolled (goal-oriented sequential combination therapy, n=42; conventional empiric therapy, n=87). Patients in the goal-oriented therapy group received sequential combination therapy, the efficacy of which was regularly evaluated using CPX parameters. Patients in the conventional empiric therapy group received conventional empiric therapy. The primary endpoint was cardiovascular death. In the goal-oriented therapy group, plasma brain natriuretic peptide, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary vascular resistance, and 6-min walk test were significantly improved at 12 months compared with baseline. Survival in the goal-oriented therapy group at 1, 2, and 3 years (97.6%, 95.2%, and 86.0%, respectively) tended to be higher than that in the conventional empiric therapy group (P=0.082).Conclusions:Goal-oriented sequential combination therapy evaluated using CPX parameters may be associated with a favorable prognosis compared with conventional empiric therapy in patients with newly diagnosed PAH.
著者
Koji Ishikawa Arata Fukushima Takashi Yokota Shingo Takada Takaaki Furihata Naoya Kakutani Katsuma Yamanashi Yoshikuni Obata Ippei Nakano Takahiro Abe Shintaro Kinugawa Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.4, pp.179-186, 2019-04-10 (Released:2019-04-10)
参考文献数
41

Background: In heart failure (HF) management, early ambulation is recommended to prevent physical deconditioning. The effects of delayed ambulation on later clinical outcomes and the factors linked to delayed ambulation in hospitalized HF patients, however, remain unestablished. Methods and Results: We retrospectively investigated 101 patients (mean age, 66±17 years) who were hospitalized for acute decompensated HF. During the mean follow-up of 244±15 days after hospital discharge, 34 patients had cardiovascular events leading to death or unplanned readmission. Patients with cardiovascular events had longer median days to acquire ambulation than those without cardiovascular events (11 days, IQR, 8–20 days vs. 7 days, IQR, 5–15 days, P<0.001). The optimal cut-off period until initiation of ambulation to discriminate cardiovascular events was 8 days, indicating that longer days (≥8 days) to acquire ambulation was associated with higher rates of cardiovascular events, even after adjustment of multiple confounders. On multivariate analysis, age >65 years (odds ratio [OR], 2.49; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04–6.09) and increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN; OR, 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01–1.08) were independent predictors of delayed ambulation. Conclusions: Delayed ambulation is associated with older age and increased BUN in patients with acute HF. Time to ambulation in the recovery phase of acute HF is important, and delayed ambulation may increase the rate of cardiovascular events after hospital discharge.
著者
Masaki Tsuda Isamu Mizote Yasuhiro Ichibori Takashi Mukai Koichi Maeda Toshinari Onishi Toru Kuratani Yoshiki Sawa Yasushi Sakata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.3, pp.142-148, 2019-03-08 (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
29

Background: The outcome of redo transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation (TAVI) is unknown for TAV structural valve degeneration (SVD). This paper reports the initial results of redo TAVI for TAV-SVD in Japanese patients. Methods and Results: Of 630 consecutive patients, 6 (1.0%) underwent redo TAVI for TAV-SVD (689–1,932 days after the first TAVI). The first TAV were 23-mm balloon-expandable valves (BEV, n=5) and a 26-mm self-expandable valve (SEV, n=1). All patients underwent multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) before redo TAVI, which showed first-TAV under-expansion (range, 19.1–21.0 mm) compared with the label size. Two BEV and 4 SEV were successfully implanted as second TAV, without moderate/severe regurgitation or 30-day mortality. One of 2 patients with a BEV-inside-BEV implantation had a high transvalvular mean pressure gradient post-procedurally (34 mmHg) and required surgical valve replacement 248 days after the redo TAVI. This, however, was unnoted in patients with SEV implantation during redo TAVI. Planned coronary artery bypass grafting was concomitantly performed in 1 patient with a small sino-tubular junction and SEV-inside-SEV implantation because of the risk of coronary malperfusion caused by the first TAV leaflets. Five of the 6 patients survived during the follow-up period (range, 285–1,503 days). Conclusions: Redo TAVI for TAV-SVD appears safe and feasible, while specific strategies based on MDCT and device selection seem important for better outcomes.
著者
Naoya Kakutani Arata Fukushima Shintaro Kinugawa Takashi Yokota Tatsuya Oikawa Mikito Nishikawa Risako Nakamura Takanori Tsukada Shigeki Mori Ichiro Yoshida Toshihisa Anzai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-19-0004, (Released:2019-02-19)
参考文献数
30

Background: Early ambulation has been shown to be associated with shorter hospital stay and better clinical outcomes in patients with acute heart failure (HF). Early mobilization program in combination with structured exercise training is recommended, but has yet to be developed and implemented in HF. Methods and Results: We developed a progressive mobilization program for HF patients that classifies the mobilization process into 7 stages based on disease condition and physical function. We retrospectively analyzed 136 patients with acute HF (80±11 years), who were assigned either to the mobilization program (intervention group, n=75) or to usual care (control group, n=61). The program was safely implemented without any adverse events. Hospital stay was significantly reduced in the intervention group compared with the control group (33±25 vs. 51±36 days, P<0.01). The intervention group had higher activities of daily living (ADL) score at discharge evaluated using the Barthel index (64±38 vs. 49±36, P<0.05). The intervention group also had a higher percentage of discharge to home (71% vs. 52%, P<0.05) and a lower rate of HF-related readmission (16% vs. 36%, P<0.05) compared with the control group. Conclusions: The progressive mobilization program for acute HF was feasible and was associated with better ADL and reduced hospital stay, leading to improvement of clinical outcome.
著者
Tomonobu Takikawa Takuya Sumi Kunihiko Takahara Yoshihiro Kawamura Shioh Ohguchi Mitsutoshi Oguri Hideki Ishii Toyoaki Murohara
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.87-93, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
31

Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of nutritional status on 1-year mortality in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods and Results: We enrolled 457 hospitalized ADHF patients. Previously established objective nutritional indexes (controlling nutritional status [CONUT], prognostic nutritional index [PNI], geriatric nutritional risk index [GNRI], and subjective global assessment [SGA]) were evaluated at hospital admission. Malnutrition was defined as CONUT score ≥5, PNI score <38, GNRI score <92, and SGA scores B and C. The frequencies of malnutrition based on CONUT, PNI, GNRI, and SGA were 31.5%, 21.4%, 44.9%, and 27.8%, respectively. All indexes were related to the occurrence of 1-year mortality on univariate Cox regression analysis (P<0.05). We constructed a reference model using age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, sodium concentration, and renal function on multivariable Cox regression analysis. Adding SGA to the reference model significantly improved both net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (0.344, P=0.002; 0.012, P=0.049; respectively). Other indexes (CONUT, PNI, and GNRI scores) significantly improved NRI (0.254, P=0.019; 0.273, P=0.013; 0.306, P=0.006; respectively). Conclusions: Nutritional screening assessed at hospital admission was appropriate for the prediction of 1-year mortality in hospitalized patients with ADHF.
著者
Hiromasa Otake Kosuke Tanimura Yoichiro Sugizaki Takayoshi Toba Hiroyuki Kawamori Toshiro Shinke Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.107-111, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
21

Background: Despite evidence of the effects of alirocumab on the incidence of acute coronary events, its impact on plaque stabilization remains uncertain. The present study will investigate the effect of alirocumab on fibroatheroma in patients who underwent recent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: This phase IV, open-label, randomized, blinded near-infrared spectroscopy plus intravascular ultrasound (NIRS-IVUS) analysis, parallel-group, single-center study will enroll Japanese adults recently hospitalized for PCI with suboptimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control (>70 mg/dL) despite stable statin therapy. Thirty patients will be randomized to receive either alirocumab or standard of care. The alirocumab group will receive alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks plus 10 mg rosuvastatin per day. The standard-of-care group will receive 10 mg rosuvastatin per day with dose adjustment to achieve LDL-C <70 mg/dL. Post-treatment NIRS-IVUS will be performed at week 36. The primary endpoint is the change in maximum lipid core burden index in 4-mm pullback compartments (maxLCBI[4 mm]) between baseline and week 36. Secondary endpoints include change in LCBI (lesion), angle of lipid core, plaque burden, and serum lipids and biomarkers related to atherosclerosis and inflammation. Conclusions: The study will clarify the effects of alirocumab on thin-cap fibroatheroma in patients who underwent recent PCI and who have suboptimal LDL-C control with stable statin therapy.
著者
Masato Matsushita Akihiro Shirakabe Nobuaki Kobayashi Hirotake Okazaki Yusaku Shibata Hiroki Goda Saori Uchiyama Kenichi Tani Kazutaka Kiuchi Noritake Hata Kuniya Asai Wataru Shimizu
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.61-70, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
20

Background: The features of sleep-associated acute heart failure (AHF) patients admitted at midnight or early morning (M/E) are unclear. Methods and Results: Of 1,268 AHF patients screened, 932 were analyzed, and divided into 2 groups by admission time (M/E group, 23:00–06:59, n=399; daytime group, 07:00–22:59, n=533). Those in the M/E group were further divided by the presence of a prodrome: with (n=176; prodrome group) or without (n=223; sudden onset group). The median time from symptom onset to hospitalization was significantly shorter in the M/E group (98 min; range, 65–170 min) than in the daytime group (123 min; range, 68–246 min). The 365-day HF event rate in the M/E group was significantly lower than that of the daytime group. On multivariate logistic regression modeling the M/E group was independently associated with a better outcome than the daytime group (OR, 0.673; 95% CI: 0.500–0.905). In the M/E group, the 365-day HF event rate was significantly lower in the prodrome group than in the sudden onset group. On multivariate logistic regression modeling, inclusion in the prodrome group was independently associated with a better outcome (OR, 0.544; 95% CI: 0.338–0.877). Conclusions: AHF patients admitted during sleeping hours were not sicker than those admitted during the daytime. The absence of a prodrome, however, might be associated with future repeated HF events.