著者
Noriko Nakajima Satoru Hata Yuko Sato Minoru Tobiume Harutaka Katano Keiko Kaneko Noriyo Nagata Michiyo Kataoka Akira Ainai Hideki Hasegawa Masato Tashiro Makoto Kuroda Tamami Odai Nobuyuki Urasawa Tomoyoshi Ogino Hiroaki Hanaoka Masahide Watanabe Tetsutaro Sata
出版者
National Institute of Infectious Diseases
雑誌
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases (ISSN:13446304)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.67-71, 2010-01-29 (Released:2022-03-31)
参考文献数
1
被引用文献数
2 54

We report the pathological and virological findings of the first autopsy case of the 2009 pandemic influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus infection in Japan. A man aged 33 years with chronic heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy, mild diabetes mellitus, atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, and obesity died of respiratory failure and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Macroscopic examination showed severe plumonary edema and microscopically the lung sections showed very early exudative-stage diffuse alveolar damage (DAD). Immunohistochemistry revealed proliferation of the influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus in alveolar epithelial cells, some of which expressed SAα2-3Gal on the cell surface. Influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus genomic RNA and mRNA were also detected in alveolar epithelial cells. Real-time PCR revealed 723 copies/cell in the left lower lung section from which the influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus was isolated. Electron microscopic analysis revealed filamentous viral particles in the lung tissue. The concentrations of various cytokines/chemokines in the serum and the autopsied lung tissue were measured. IL-2R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-α, MCP-1, and MIG levels were elevated in both. These findings indicated a case of viral pneumonia caused by influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus infection, showing characteristic pathological findings of the early stage of DAD.