- National Institute of Infectious Diseases
- Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases (ISSN:13446304)
- vol.63, no.1, pp.67-71, 2010-01-29 (Released:2022-03-31)
We report the pathological and virological findings of the first autopsy case of the 2009 pandemic influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus infection in Japan. A man aged 33 years with chronic heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy, mild diabetes mellitus, atopic dermatitis, bronchial asthma, and obesity died of respiratory failure and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Macroscopic examination showed severe plumonary edema and microscopically the lung sections showed very early exudative-stage diffuse alveolar damage (DAD). Immunohistochemistry revealed proliferation of the influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus in alveolar epithelial cells, some of which expressed SAα2-3Gal on the cell surface. Influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus genomic RNA and mRNA were also detected in alveolar epithelial cells. Real-time PCR revealed 723 copies/cell in the left lower lung section from which the influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus was isolated. Electron microscopic analysis revealed filamentous viral particles in the lung tissue. The concentrations of various cytokines/chemokines in the serum and the autopsied lung tissue were measured. IL-2R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IFN-α, MCP-1, and MIG levels were elevated in both. These findings indicated a case of viral pneumonia caused by influenza (A/H1N1pdm) virus infection, showing characteristic pathological findings of the early stage of DAD.