著者
Mayumi Tsuji Chihaya Koriyama Yasuhiro Ishihara Megumi Yamamoto Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada Kumiko Kanatani Yu Ait Bamai Kazunari Onishi Ayako Senju Shunsuke Araki Eiji Shibata Seiichi Morokuma Masafumi Sanefuji Hiroshi Kitazawa Mayako Saito Masakazu Umezawa Atsuto Onoda Koichi Kusuhara Rie Tanaka Toshihiro Kawamoto the Japan Environment & Children’s Study Group
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20180098, (Released:2019-01-12)
参考文献数
54

Background: Metal exposures could possibly affect allergic responses in pregnant women, although no studies have yet shown a clear relationship between the two, and such exposures might also affect the development of allergic diseases in children.Methods: We investigated the relationship between metal concentrations in whole blood and immunoglobulin E (IgE; total and specific) in 14,408 pregnant women who participated in the Japan Environment and Children’s Study. The subjects submitted self-administered questionnaires, and blood samples were collected from them twice, specifically, during the first trimester and again during the second/third trimester. Concentrations of the metals Cd, Pb, Hg, Se, and Mn, as well as serum total and allergen-specific IgEs for egg white, house dust-mites (HDM), Japanese cedar pollen (JCP), animal dander, and moth, were measured. Allergen-specific IgE(s) were divided based on concentrations <0.35 or ≥0.35 UA/mL, and the metal levels were divided into quartiles.Results: Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between HDM- and animal dander-specific IgEs and Hg and Mn concentrations. Conversely, there was a significant positive relationship between JCP-specific IgE and Hg and Se concentrations.Conclusions: Metal exposures may be related to both increases and decreases in allergen-specific IgEs in pregnant women.