著者
Kosuke Kiyohara Tomohiko Sakai Chika Nishiyama Tatsuya Nishiuchi Yasuyuki Hayashi Taku Iwami Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20160179, (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
25

Background: Japanese rice cake (“mochi”) is a major cause of food-choking accidents in Japan. However, the epidemiology of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) due to suffocation caused by rice cakes is poorly understood.Methods: OHCA data from 2005 to 2012 were obtained from the population-based OHCA registry in Osaka Prefecture. Patients aged ≥20 years who experienced OHCA caused by suffocation that occurred before the arrival of emergency-medical-service (EMS) personnel were included. Patient characteristics, prehospital interventions, and outcomes were compared based on the cause of suffocation (rice cake and non-rice-cake). The primary outcome was 1-month survival after OHCA.Results: In total, 46 911 adult OHCAs were observed during the study period. Of the OHCAs, 7.0% (3,294/46,911) were due to suffocation, with choking due to rice cake as the cause in 9.5% of cases (314/3,294), and of these, 24.5% (77/314) occurred during the first 3 days of the New Year. In crude analysis, 1-month survival was 17.2% (54/314) in those with suffocation caused by rice cake and 13.4% (400/2,980) in those with suffocation due to other causes. In the multivariable analysis for all-cause suffocation, younger age, arrest witnessed by bystanders, and earlier EMS response time were significantly related to better 1-month survival.Conclusion: Approximately 10% of OHCAs due to suffocation were caused by rice-cake choking, and 25% of these occurred during the first 3 days of the New Year. Further efforts for establishing preventive measures as well as improving the early recognition of choking and encouraging bystanders to call EMS sooner are needed.
著者
Junya Sado Kosuke Kiyohara Taku Iwami Yuri Kitamura Emiko Ando Tetsuya Ohira Tomotaka Sobue Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.3, pp.919-922, 2018-02-23 (Released:2018-02-23)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
1

Background:We assessed whether the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with cardiac origin increased in the disaster areas during the 3-year period after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE).Methods and Results:From the OHCA registry in Japan, yearly changes in occurrence after the GEJE were assessed by applying Poisson regression models. The risk ratio of the first year after the earthquake was significantly greater in both men and women, but the difference disappeared in the second and third years.Conclusions:The GEJE significantly increased the occurrence of OHCA with cardiac origin in the first year after the earthquake.
著者
Kosuke Kiyohara Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Mamoru Ayusawa Masahiko Nitta Taku Iwami Ken Nakata Yasuto Sato Noriko Kojimahara Naohito Yamaguchi Tomotaka Sobue Yuri Kitamura for the SPIRITS Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1237, (Released:2018-02-15)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1

Background:A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency. Using these databases, we described the detailed characteristics and outcomes of pediatric OHCAs that occurred in school settings in Japan between 2009 and 2014. During the 6-year study period, 295 OHCA cases were confirmed. Overall incidence rate was 0.4 per 100,000 students per year. The majority of OHCA cases had a cardiac origin (71%), occurred during exercise (65%), were witnessed by bystanders (70%), and received bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (73%). In approximately one-third of cases the student was defibrillated by public-access automated external defibrillator (38%). The proportion of patients with 1-month survival and a favorable neurological outcome was 34% among all OHCAs and 43% among OHCAs of cardiac origin.Conclusions:In Japan, approximately 50 pediatric cases of OHCA consistently occur yearly in school settings. The majority of students received basic life support from bystanders, and patients with OHCA of cardiac origin had a relatively good prognosis.