著者
Kazuko NAMITOME Rui KANO Maiko SEKIGUCHI Toshiroh IWASAKI Takashi KANESHIMA Koji NISHIFUJI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.7, pp.965-969, 2011 (Released:2011-07-30)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
3 3

An 8-year-old male Golden Retriever had lameness and claw abnormality in the second digit of the left forelimb. Radiography revealed osteomyelitis in the distal phalanx bone of the affected limb. Microscopic examination of the claw revealed numerous hyphae in the claw matrix. Fungal DNA fragments coding the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) were detected from the claw matrix as well as fungal colonies of the clinical isolates by PCR. Nucleotide sequencing revealed that the amplicons shared > 99% homology with Fusarium sp. Therapy including oral itraconazole resulted in regrowth of a new claw, in which no hyphae were detected. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report of canine onychomycosis in which Fusarium sp. was isolated from the affected claw.
著者
Ji-Seon YOON Tomohiko MINAMI Yasuko TAKIZAWA Maiko SEKIGUCHI Atsushi YABUZOE Kaori IDE Koji NISHIFUJI Toshiroh IWASAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.11, pp.1513-1516, 2010 (Released:2010-11-30)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
1 1 1

Two dogs of juvenile-onset skin diseases with involvement of extremities were examined by histopathological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analyses. Clinically, both cases showed alopecia and crusts on the face and extremities. Case 1 showed histopathology of dermo-epidermal separation. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that the clefts were recognized between hemidesmosomes and lamina densa. In case 2, histopathology showed follicular atrophy, vacuolar degeneration at lower epidermis and masseter muscle degeneration, without remarkable ultrastructural abnormalities in basement membrane zone of the skin. Thus, the findings in case 1 were compatible to those in junctional epidermolysis bullosa, while those in case 2 were compatible to dermatomyositis-like disease. Combination of histopathological and ultrastructural analyses was useful to distinguish the diseases in two dogs.
著者
Atsushi YABUZOE Koji NISHIFUJI Maiko SEKIGUCHI Atsushi SHIMIZU Yasuyuki MOMOI Akira ISHIKO Toshiroh IWASAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.8, pp.807-812, 2008 (Released:2008-09-05)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
3 3

Pemphigus foliaceus (PF) is an autoimmune blistering skin disease that affects certain mammals including dogs. In canine PF, neutrophils are infiltrated intensely into pustular lesions including acantholytic cells, although neutrophilic infiltration is not characterized in human PF. The roles of the neutrophils in the cutaneous lesions of canine PF have not yet been understood. The purpose of this study was to characterize the ultrastructural features underlying the acantholysis with pustule formation in canine PF. Four dogs diagnosed as PF on the basis of clinical signs, histopathological findings, and direct and indirect immunofluorescence examinations were performed. Electron microscopy revealed that the acantholytic cells were adjacent to multiple neutrophils in the pustules. At the contact points between neutrophils and acantholytic keratinocytes, half-desmosomes of acantholytic keratinocytes with intact attachment plaques were observed within invaginations of neutrophils. Furthermore, on the surface of acantholytic cells in the pustules, neutrophil granules seemed to be secreted to the surface of acantholytic cells and to degenerate the half-desmosome structures. Neutrophils were also observed within the epidermis adjacent to the pustule. At the intercellular gap between two dissociated keratinocytes, neutrophils inserted its pseudopodia into the gap between the two half-desmosomes of keratinocytes. These findings taken together suggested that, at least in the areas where we analyzed ultrastructurally, neutrophils contact desmosomal structures and seem to play some parts in separation of keratinocytes and degeneration of split-desmosomes in pustules of dogs with PF.
著者
Hiromi HARADA Yasuyuki ENDO Maiko SEKIGUCHI Asuka SETOGUCHI Yasuyuki MOMOI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.6, pp.785-787, 2009 (Released:2009-07-04)
参考文献数
11
被引用文献数
3 11

A 4-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was presented to us for swelling of all foot pads. The skin lesions were histopathologically diagnosed as suppurative pyogranulomatous panniculitis. The lesions did not respond to cephalexin, prednisolone or itraconazole. However, complete resolution of the skin lesions was obtained with doxycycline. A littermate living in the same household developed similar skin lesions that were also successfully treated with doxycycline. Polymerase chain reaction analysis detected the 16S ribosomal RNA gene of Nocardia spp. in DNA extracted from lesion pus, and direct nucleotide sequencing analysis revealed 100% homology with Nocardia elegans. We diagnosed this case as nocardiosis.