著者
Taiji Noguchi Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda Yuya Tamai Takeshi Nishiyama Miki Watanabe Akihiro Hosono Kiyoshi Shibata Mari Ichikawa Ryozo Wakabayashi Kenji Nagaya Kanae Ema Naoko Okamoto Shoko Tsujimura Hitomi Fujita Mayumi Kamiya Fumi Kondo Tamaki Yamada Sadao Suzuki
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20190146, (Released:2019-12-07)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
7

BackgroundSecond-hand smoke exposure has been associated with poor mental health. However, among Japanese adults, little is known about the association between second-hand smoking and depressive symptoms. We examined this association in a cross-sectional study among a Japanese general adult population sample.MethodsJapanese adults were recruited from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study in the Okazaki area between 2012 and 2017. Second-hand smoke exposure and smoking status were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Based on their frequency of exposure to second-hand smoke, non-smokers and smokers were categorized as “almost never,” “sometimes,” and “almost every day.” Depressive symptoms were defined by a Kessler 6 score ≥ 5 points. We performed a multivariable Poisson regression analysis to obtain adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for depressive symptoms.ResultsOverall, 5,121 participants (4,547 non-smokers and 574 smokers) were included whose mean age was 63.6 years (SD = 10.3 years) for non-smokers and 59.33 years (SD = 10.2 years) for smokers. The association between second-hand smoking and depressive symptoms was significant among non-smokers, but not among smokers. Among non-smokers, PRs (95% CIs) compared with “almost never” were 1.25 (1.09 – 1.42) for “sometimes,” 1.41 (1.09 – 1.84) for “almost every day” (p for trend < 0.001), and among smokers, 1.30 (0.82 – 2.06) for “sometimes,” 1.44 (0.90 – 2.33) for “almost every day” (p for trend = 0.144).ConclusionsSecond-hand smoking and depressive symptoms were associated among non-smokers. Our findings indicate the importance of tobacco smoke control for mental health.
著者
Mari Ichikawa Takeshi Aiba Seiko Ohno Daichi Shigemizu Junichi Ozawa Keiko Sonoda Megumi Fukuyama Hideki Itoh Yoshihiro Miyamoto Tatsuhiko Tsunoda Takeru Makiyama Toshihiro Tanaka Wataru Shimizu Minoru Horie
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0486, (Released:2016-10-25)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1 15

Background:Mutations inANK2have been reported to cause various arrhythmia phenotypes. The prevalence ofANK2mutation carriers in inherited primary arrhythmia syndrome (IPAS), however, remains unknown in Japanese. Using a next-generation sequencer, we aimed to identifyANK2mutations in our cohort of IPAS patients, in whom conventional Sanger sequencing failed to identify pathogenic mutations in major causative genes, and to assess the clinical characteristics ofANK2mutation carriers.Methods and Results:We screened 535 probands with IPAS and analyzed 46 genes including wholeANK2exons using a bench-top NGS (MiSeq, Illumina) or performed whole-exome-sequencing using HiSeq2000 (Illumina). As a result, 12 of 535 probands (2.2%, aged 0–61 years, 5 males) were found to carry 7 different heterozygousANK2mutations.ANK2-W1535R was identified in 5 LQTS patients and 1 symptomatic BrS and was predicted as damaging by multiple prediction software. In total, as to phenotype, there were 8 LQTS, 2 BrS, 1 IVF, and 1 SSS/AF. Surprisingly, 4/8 LQTS patients had the acquired type of LQTS (aLQTS) and suffered torsades de pointes. A total of 7 of 12 patients had documented malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias.Conclusions:VariousANK2mutations are associated with a wide range of phenotypes, including aLQTS, especially with ventricular fibrillation, representing “ankyrin-B” syndrome.
著者
Taiji Noguchi Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda Yuya Tamai Takeshi Nishiyama Miki Watanabe Akihiro Hosono Kiyoshi Shibata Mari Ichikawa Ryozo Wakabayashi Kenji Nagaya Kanae Ema Naoko Okamoto Shoko Tsujimura Hitomi Fujita Mayumi Kamiya Fumi Kondo Tamaki Yamada Sadao Suzuki
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.12, pp.566-573, 2020-12-05 (Released:2020-12-05)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
7

Background: Second-hand smoke exposure has been associated with poor mental health. However, among Japanese adults, little is known about the association between second-hand smoking and depressive symptoms. We examined this association in a cross-sectional study among a Japanese general adult population sample.Methods: Japanese adults were recruited from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study in the Okazaki area between 2012 and 2017. Second-hand smoke exposure and smoking status were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. Based on their frequency of exposure to second-hand smoke, non-smokers and smokers were categorized as “almost never,” “sometimes,” and “almost every day”. Depressive symptoms were defined by a Kessler 6 score ≥5 points. We performed a multivariable Poisson regression analysis to obtain adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for depressive symptoms.Results: Overall, 5,121 participants (4,547 non-smokers and 574 smokers) were included whose mean age was 63.6 (standard deviation [SD], 10.3) years for non-smokers and 59.33 (SD, 10.2) years for smokers. The association between second-hand smoking and depressive symptoms was significant among non-smokers, but not among smokers. Among non-smokers, PRs compared with “almost never” were 1.25 (95% CI, 1.09–1.42) for “sometimes” and 1.41 (95% CI, 1.09–1.84) for “almost every day” (P for trend <0.001); among smokers, PRs compared with “almost never” were 1.30 (95% CI, 0.82–2.06) for “sometimes” and 1.44 (95% CI, 0.90–2.33) for “almost every day” (P for trend = 0.144).Conclusions: Second-hand smoking and depressive symptoms were associated among non-smokers. Our findings indicate the importance of tobacco smoke control for mental health.
著者
Hitomi Fujita Akihiro Hosono Kiyoshi Shibata Shoko Tsujimura Kyoko Oka Naoko Okamoto Mayumi Kamiya Fumi Kondo Ryozo Wakabayashi Mari Ichikawa Tamaki Yamada Sadao Suzuki
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20170180, (Released:2018-09-22)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
5

Background: It is known that physical activity affects glucose metabolism. However, there have been no reports on the influence of physical activity earlier in life on subsequent glucose metabolism. Therefore, we analyzed the influence of physical activity in earlier decades of life on insulin resistance in middle aged and older residents in Japan.Methods: The subjects were 6,883 residents of Okazaki City between the ages of 40 and 79 years who underwent physical examinations at the Okazaki City Medical Association Public Health Center from April 2007 through August 2011. They gave informed consent for participation in the study. Data on individual characteristics were collected via a questionnaire and from the health examination records. Fasting blood glucose and insulin levels were used to calculate the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). HOMA-IR >1.6 was considered to indicate insulin resistance for the purpose of logistic regression models.Results: The study sample included 3,683 men and 3,200 women for whom complete information was available. For those who exercised regularly throughout their teens to their 30s–40s, the odds ratio for having insulin resistance was 0.75 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.58–0.96) for men and 0.76 (95% CI, 0.58–0.99) for women after adjusting for other variables, including age, body mass index, and present physical activity. A linear trend was also observed in both men and women.Conclusions: Subjects who have exercised regularly in the early decades of life are less likely to have insulin resistance later in life.