著者
Rie Hayashi Hiroyasu Iso Kazumasa Yamagishi Hiroshi Yatsuya Isao Saito Yoshihiro Kokubo Ehab S. Eshak Norie Sawada Shoichiro Tsugane for the Japan Public Health Center-Based (JPHC) Prospective Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0842, (Released:2019-03-06)
参考文献数
43
被引用文献数
15

Background: Evidence from prospective cohort studies regarding the relationship between working hours and risk of cardiovascular disease is limited Methods and Results: The Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study Cohort II involved 15,277 men aged 40–59 years at the baseline survey in 1993. Respondents were followed up until 2012. During the median 20 years of follow up (257,229 person-years), we observed 212 cases of acute myocardial infarction and 745 stroke events. Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for sociodemographic factors, cardiovascular risk factors, and occupation showed that multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) associated with overtime work of ≥11h/day were: 1.63 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01–2.63) for acute myocardial infarction and 0.83 (95% CI 0.60–1.13) for total stroke, as compared with the reference group (working 7 to <9 h/day). In the multivariable model, increased risk of acute myocardial infarction associated with overtime work of ≥11 h/day was more evident among salaried employees (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.03–4.35) and men aged 50–59 years (HR 2.60, 95% CI 1.42–4.77). Conclusions: Among middle-aged Japanese men, working overtime is associated with a higher risk of acute myocardial infarction.
著者
Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuri Kitamura Rong Liu Emiko Ando Tomotaka Sobue Yumi Sugawara Keitaro Matsuo Tomio Nakayama Ichiro Tsuji Hidemi Ito Takaichiro Suzuki Kota Katanoda Suketami Tominaga
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0618, (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
7

Background: Coffee, which contains various bioactive compounds, is one of the most popular beverages. Further accumulation of evidence is needed, however, to confirm whether coffee consumption would be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease in the general Japanese population. Methods and Results: We evaluated the association between coffee consumption frequency (never, sometimes, 1–2 cups/day, 3–4 cups/day and ≥5 cups/day) and mortality from all causes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, in 39,685 men and 43,124 women aged 40–79 years at baseline, in a 3-prefecture cohort study. The coffee consumption frequency was assessed on questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess the association between coffee consumption frequency and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. During 411,341 and 472,433 person-years in men and women, respectively, a total of 7,955 men and 5,725 women died. Coffee consumption frequency was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in both genders (P for trend<0.001). In addition, the risks of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in men (P for trend<0.001), and heart disease in women (P for trend=0.031) were inversely associated with coffee consumption. Conclusions: In this Japanese population, coffee drinking has a preventive effect on all-cause and on cardiovascular mortality in men and/or women.
著者
Satoshi Ide Hiromasa Hayama Yusuke Asai Mari Terada Hidetoshi Nomoto Satoshi Kutsuna Norio Ohmagari Yukio Hiroi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0219, (Released:2021-05-15)
参考文献数
17

Background:Several studies have reported elevated troponin levels in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, so we investigated myocardial damage by measuring high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) levels and analyzed the relationship with comorbidities.Methods and Results:Of 209 patients who recently recovered from COVID-19, 65% had an elevated hsTnT level that was higher than levels in patients with acute phase infection despite most patients (79%) having a mild illness. The hsTnT levels correlated with disease severity, sex, comorbidities, and ACEi and ARB use.Conclusions:Myocardial damage occurs in the recovery phase of COVID-19, and its evaluation, regardless of patient age, should be considered.
著者
Tadafumi Sugimoto Atsushi Mizuno Takuya Kishi Naoya Ito Chisa Matsumoto Memori Fukuda Nobuyuki Kagiyama Tatsuhiro Shibata Takashi Ohmori Shogo Oishi Jun Fuse Keisuke Kida Fujimi Kawai Mari Ishida Shoji Sanada Issei Komuro Koichi Node
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-0302, (Released:2020-04-29)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
14

Background:Despite the rapidly increasing attention being given to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, more commonly known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the relationship between cardiovascular disease and COVID-19 has not been fully described.Methods and Results:A systematic review was undertaken to summarize the important aspects of COVID-19 for cardiologists. Protection both for patients and healthcare providers, indication for treatments, collaboration with other departments and hospitals, and regular update of information are essentials to front COVID-19 patients.Conclusions:Because the chief manifestations of COVID-19 infection are respiratory and acute respiratory distress syndrome, cardiologists do not see infected patients directly. Cardiologists need to be better prepared regarding standard disinfection procedures, and be aware of the indications for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and its use in the critical care setting.
著者
Takuya Kishi Atsushi Mizuno Mari Ishida Chisa Matsumoto Memori Fukuda Shoji Sanada Naoya Itoh Hideaki Oka Koichi Node Issei Komuro on behalf of the Collaborators and Advisors of the COVID-19 Task Force Mission Team of the Japanese Circulation Society and Directors of the Japanese Circulation Societies
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-0518, (Released:2020-09-25)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
3

Background:The Japanese Circulation Society proposes recommendations for all healthcare professionals involved in cardiovascular medicine to protect them from infection and ensure that seriously ill patients requiring urgent care receive proper treatment.Methods and Results:Patients are divided into “Positive or suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)” and “All others”. Furthermore, tests and treatments are divided into emergency or standby. For each category, we propose recommendations.Conclusions:To maintain the cardiovascular care system, The Japanese Circulation Society recommends completely preventing nosocomial COVID-19 infections, ensuring adequate PPE necessary for healthcare personnel, and learning and implementing standard precautions.
著者
Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuri Kitamura Rong Liu Emiko Ando Tomotaka Sobue Yumi Sugawara Keitaro Matsuo Tomio Nakayama Ichiro Tsuji Hidemi Ito Takaichiro Suzuki Kota Katanoda Suketami Tominaga
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.4, pp.757-766, 2019-03-25 (Released:2019-03-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
5 7

Background: Coffee, which contains various bioactive compounds, is one of the most popular beverages. Further accumulation of evidence is needed, however, to confirm whether coffee consumption would be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease in the general Japanese population. Methods and Results: We evaluated the association between coffee consumption frequency (never, sometimes, 1–2 cups/day, 3–4 cups/day and ≥5 cups/day) and mortality from all causes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, in 39,685 men and 43,124 women aged 40–79 years at baseline, in a 3-prefecture cohort study. The coffee consumption frequency was assessed on questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess the association between coffee consumption frequency and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. During 411,341 and 472,433 person-years in men and women, respectively, a total of 7,955 men and 5,725 women died. Coffee consumption frequency was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in both genders (P for trend<0.001). In addition, the risks of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in men (P for trend<0.001), and heart disease in women (P for trend=0.031) were inversely associated with coffee consumption. Conclusions: In this Japanese population, coffee drinking has a preventive effect on all-cause and on cardiovascular mortality in men and/or women.
著者
Filippo Crea Rocco A. Montone Riccardo Rinaldi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0848, (Released:2021-11-09)
参考文献数
58

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is commonly recognized as the consequence of coronary atherosclerosis and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a significant number of patients may present angina or myocardial infarction even in the absence of any significant coronary artery stenosis and impairment of the coronary microcirculation has been increasingly implicated as a relevant cause of IHD. The term “coronary microvascular dysfunction” (CMD) encompasses several pathogenic mechanisms resulting in functional and/or structural changes in the coronary microcirculation and determining angina and myocardial ischemia in patients with angina without obstructive CAD (“primary” microvascular angina), as well as in several other conditions, including obstructive CAD, cardiomyopathies, Takotsubo syndrome and heart failure, especially the phenotype with preserved ejection fraction. The pathogenesis of CMD is complex and involves the combination of functional and structural alterations leading to impaired coronary blood flow and resulting in myocardial ischemia. In the absence of therapies specifically targeting CMD, attention has been focused on the role of modifiable risk factors. Here, we provide updated evidence regarding the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying CMD, with a particular focus on the role of cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities. Moreover, we discuss the specific pathogenic mechanisms of CMD across the different cardiovascular diseases, aiming to pave the way for further research and the development of novel strategies for a precision medicine approach.
著者
Shin Kawasoe Takuro Kubozono Shiro Yoshifuku Satoko Ojima Naoya Oketani Masaaki Miyata Hironori Miyahara Shigeho Maenohara Mitsuru Ohishi
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0766, (Released:2016-11-03)
参考文献数
48
被引用文献数
19

Background:The association between serum uric acid (UA) levels and atrial fibrillation (AF) in the general population in Japan is not well known.Methods and Results:In total, 285,882 consecutive subjects (men, 130,897; women, 154,985; age, 58±15 years) not receiving treatment for hyperuricemia who underwent health checkups were enrolled. Subjects were stratified into deciles according to age, body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, systolic blood pressure, and UA level. AF prevalence was calculated for each decile. The odds ratio that defined the decile with the lowest AF prevalence as reference was calculated in each sex. In men, the mean UA was 6.0±1.4 mg/dl; AF prevalence was 1.8% and was lowest in the decile with UA 4.4–4.9 mg/dl. Deciles with both high and low UA (5.4–5.6 mg/dl to >7.8 mg/dl and <4.3 mg/dl) were associated with significantly higher AF prevalence. In women, the mean UA was 4.5±1.1 mg/dl; AF prevalence was 0.7% and was lowest in the decile with UA 3.6–3.8 mg/dl. Deciles with highest UA (5.0–5.2 mg/dl to >5.9 mg/dl) were associated with significantly higher AF prevalence. The analysis adjusted for other clinical covariates demonstrated an independent association between UA and AF in both sexes.Conclusions:In a representative Japanese general population, UA level was significantly associated with AF, independently of other cardiovascular risk factors.
著者
Shingo Matsumoto Shunsuke Kuroda Takahide Sano Takeshi Kitai Taishi Yonetsu Shun Kohsaka Sho Torii Takuya Kishi Issei Komuro Ken-ichi Hirata Koichi Node Yuya Matsue
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0160, (Released:2021-04-29)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
5

Background:This study investigated the effects of age on the outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and on cardiac biomarker profiles, especially in patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or risk factors (CVDRF).Methods and Results:A nationwide multicenter retrospective study included 1,518 patients with COVID-19. Of these patients, 693 with underlying CVDRF were analyzed; patients were divided into age groups (<55, 55–64, 65–79, and ≥80 years) and in-hospital mortality and age-specific clinical and cardiac biomarker profiles on admission evaluated. Overall, the mean age of patients was 68 years, 449 (64.8%) were male, and 693 (45.7%) had underlying CVDRF. Elderly (≥80 years) patients had a significantly higher risk of in-hospital mortality regardless of concomitant CVDRF than younger patients (P<0.001). Typical characteristics related to COVID-19, including symptoms and abnormal findings on baseline chest X-ray and computed tomography scans, were significantly less prevalent in the elderly group than in the younger groups. However, a significantly (P<0.001) higher proportion of elderly patients were positive for cardiac troponin (cTn), and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro BNP (NT-proBNP) levels on admission were significantly higher among elderly than younger patients (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively).Conclusions:Elderly patients with COVID-19 had a higher risk of mortality during the hospital course, regardless of their history of CVDRF, were more likely to be cTn positive, and had significantly higher BNP/NT-proBNP levels than younger patients.
著者
Yuichiro Sasamoto Noriko Endo Kohko Kanazawa Taeko Utsumi Tomomi Takahashi Yosuke Endo Makoto Nanba Hiroto Takeda Tomohiro Takano Koki Takahashi Masahiro Tanji Masahiro Kohzuki
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-0970, (Released:2021-02-04)
参考文献数
43

Background:This study investigated the effect of outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) and physical activity on the estimated glomerular filtration rate based on serum cystatin C (eGFRcys) in patients with heart disease (HD) aged ≥75 years.Methods and Results:This non-randomized prospective intervention study involved 136 patients (non-OCR group, n=66; OCR group, n=70), 55 of whom were aged ≥75 years (non-OCR group, n=29; OCR group, n=26). Renal function (eGFRcys) was evaluated at discharge and 3 months thereafter. A linear mixed model (LMM) was used to assess changes in renal function over time. The hospital readmission rate within 3 months after discharge was also evaluated. LMM analysis showed that the change in eGFRcys was −2.27 and +0.48 mL/min/1.73 m2in the non-OCR and OCR groups, respectively (F=2.960, P=0.022). Further, among patients aged ≥75 years in the non-OCR and OCR groups, the change in eGFRcys was −3.83 and −1.08 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively (F=2.719, P=0.039). The proportion of patients aged ≥75 years who were rehospitalized due to exacerbation of HD was 16.9% (n=10) and 6.7% (n=2) in the non-OCR and OCR groups, respectively.Conclusions:Among patients with HD aged ≥75 years, participation in OCR reduces the decline in renal function and hospital readmission rates.
著者
Priscilla Gross Isabelle Six Said Kamel Ziad A. Massy
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-0735, (Released:2014-07-31)
参考文献数
92
被引用文献数
8 39

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by high cardiovascular morbidity/mortality, which is linked in part to vascular calcification (VC) and endothelial dysfunction (ED). Hyperphosphatemia, a feature of CKD, is a well-known inducer of VC in preclinical models and is associated with poor outcomes in epidemiological studies. However, it remains to be seen whether lowering phosphate levels in CKD patients reduces VC and the morbidity/mortality rate. Furthermore, it is now clear from preclinical and clinical studies that phosphate is involved in ED. The present article reviews the direct and indirect mechanisms (eg, via fibroblast growth factor 23 and/or parathyroid hormone) by which hyperphosphatemia influence the onset of VC and ED in CKD.
著者
Shamima Akter Tohru Nakagawa Toru Honda Shuichiro Yamamoto Keisuke Kuwahara Hiroko Okazaki Huanhuan Hu Teppei Imai Akiko Nishihara Toshiaki Miyamoto Naoko Sasaki Takayuki Ogasawara Akihiko Uehara Makoto Yamamoto Taizo Murakami Makiko Shimizu Masafumi Eguchi Takeshi Kochi Ai Hori Satsue Nagahama Kentaro Tomita Maki Konishi Ikuko Kashino Akiko Nanri Isamu Kabe Tetsuya Mizoue Naoki Kunugita Seitaro Dohi for the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.12, pp.3005-3012, 2018-11-24 (Released:2018-11-24)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
12

Background: The effect of smoking on mortality in working-age adults remains unclear. Accordingly, we compared the effects of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation on total and cause-specific mortality in a Japanese working population. Methods and Results: This study included 79,114 Japanese workers aged 20–85 years who participated in the Japan Epidemiology Collaboration on Occupational Health Study. Deaths and causes of death were identified from death certificates, sick leave documents, family confirmation, and other sources. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated via Cox proportional hazards regression. During a maximum 6-year follow-up, there were 252 deaths in total. Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for total mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, and tobacco-related cancer mortality were 1.49 (1.10–2.01), 1.79 (0.99–3.24), and 1.80 (1.02–3.19), respectively, in current vs. never smokers. Among current smokers, the risks of total, tobacco-related cancer, and CVD mortality increased with increasing cigarette consumption (Ptrend<0.05 for all). Compared with never smokers, former smokers who quit <5 and ≥5 years before baseline had HRs (95% CIs) for total mortality of 1.80 (1.00–3.25) and 1.02 (0.57–1.82), respectively. Conclusions: In this cohort of workers, cigarette smoking was associated with increased risk of death from all and specific causes (including CVD and tobacco-related cancer), although these risks diminished 5 years after smoking cessation.
著者
Toshiyuki Noda Kazuhiko Nishigaki Shinya Minatoguchi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-0307, (Released:2020-06-11)
参考文献数
14
被引用文献数
8

Background:Because ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) extensively damages the heart, regenerative therapy with pluripotent stem cells such as multilineage-differentiating stress enduring (Muse) cells is required.Methods and Results:In a first-in-human study, 3 STEMI patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45% after successful percutaneous coronary intervention received intravenously 1.5×107cells of a human Muse cell-based product, CL2020. The safety and efficacy on LVEF and wall motion score index (WMSI) were evaluated for 12 weeks. No adverse drug reaction was noted. LVEF and WMSI were markedly improved.Conclusions:The first-in-human intravenous administration of CL2020 was safe and markedly improved LV function in STEMI patients.
著者
Management of Elevated Cholesterol in the Primary Prevention Group of Adult Japanese (MEGA) Study Group
出版者
社団法人日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.9, pp.860-867, 2004-08-20
被引用文献数
9 45

Background Although cholesterol management reportedly reduces fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) events in subjects with or without evident atherosclerotic disease, it is still uncertain whether these benefits extend to Japanese. Methods and Results The study group comprised 8,009 subjects with mildly elevated total cholesterol who were randomized to treatment with 10-20 mg pravastatin plus diet (2,691 women, 1,267 men) or diet alone (2,758 women, 1,293 men). The groups were extremely well balanced with respect to baseline demographics and risk factors such as blood pressure and plasma lipids. Over a 5-year period of follow-up, the primary end-points will be a composite of fatal and non-fatal coronary events. Secondary end-points will include stroke and transient ischemic attack, all cardiovascular events and total mortality. Conclusions The 2 groups will be followed up until the end of March 2004 and end-points will be analyzed by full analysis set. (Circ J 2004 ; 68 : 860-867)