著者
Taishi Okuno Jiro Aoki Kengo Tanabe Koichi Nakao Yukio Ozaki Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoshi Yasuda Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Yasuharu Nakama Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Kazuhito Hirata Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Ohshima Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0995, (Released:2019-03-30)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
1

Background: Beta-blockers are standard therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, despite current advances in the management of AMI, it remains unclear whether all AMI patients benefit from β-blockers. We investigated whether admission heart rate (HR) is a determinant of the effectiveness of β-blockers for AMI patients. Methods and Results: We enrolled 3,283 consecutive AMI patients who were admitted to 28 participating institutions in the Japanese Registry of Acute Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed by Universal Definition (J-MINUET) study. According to admission HR, we divided patients into 3 groups: bradycardia (HR <60 beats/min, n=444), normocardia (HR 60 to ≤100 beats/min, n=2,013), and tachycardia (HR >100 beats/min, n=342). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, heart failure (HF), and urgent revascularization for unstable angina, at 3-year follow-up. Beta-blocker at discharge was significantly associated with a lower risk of MACE in the tachycardia group (23.6% vs. 33.0%; P=0.033), but it did not affect rates of MACE in the normocardia group (17.8% vs. 18.4%; P=0.681). In the bradycardia group, β-blocker use at discharge was significantly associated with a higher risk of MACE (21.6% vs. 12.7%; P=0.026). Results were consistent for multivariable regression and stepwise multivariable regression. Conclusions: Admission HR might determine the efficacy of β-blockers for current AMI patients.
著者
Yayoi Tetsuou Tsukada Eitaro Kodani Kuniya Asai Masahiro Yasutake Yoshihiko Seino Wataru Shimizu
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.2, pp.77-85, 2021-02-10 (Released:2021-02-10)
参考文献数
26

Background:Given the high prevalence of heart failure (HF) in the elderly, it is essential to establish medical coordination between general practitioners (GPs) and acute care hospitals (ACHs) in an aging society. The aim of this study was to elucidate the status of acceptance of elderly patients with HF and their management requirements in a comprehensive community health system. Furthermore, we investigated GPs’ interest in using information and communications technology (ICT) in patient care.Methods and Results:We sent a questionnaire survey to 1,800 GPs in January 2015 and received 392 replies. The overall prevalence of home visits was 55%, with no differences according to GP background characteristics or geographic area. However, less than half (44%) reported accepting patients with symptomatic HF for treatment in their clinic. In addition, only 3 GPs reported accepting and providing emergency visits for patients with refractory HF. In particular, GPs who were not certificated cardiologists, female, and older showed poorer acceptance of symptomatic HF patients. More than half the GPs wanted the prompt acceptance by ACHs of emergency patients, followed by strengthening of home care support at discharge and support for end-of-life care. Half the GPs were interested in telemedicine.Conclusions:ACHs must promptly accept patients with HF in cases of emergency and strengthen nursing care support at discharge. It is also necessary to consider how to support older and female GPs.
著者
Tomomi Nagayama Satoshi Nagase Tsukasa Kamakura Mitsuru Wada Kohei Ishibashi Yuko Y. Inoue Koji Miyamoto Takashi Noda Takeshi Aiba Hiroshi Takaki Masaru Sugimachi Wataru Shimizu Teruo Noguchi Satoshi Yasuda Shiro Kamakura Kengo Kusano
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0643, (Released:2019-01-12)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
3

Background: Spontaneous type 1 electrocardiogram (ECG) in the right precordial lead is a dominant predictor of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in Brugada syndrome (BrS). In some BrS patients with VF, however, spontaneous type 1 ECG is undetectable, even in repeated ECG and immediately after VF. This study investigated differences between BrS patients with spontaneous or drug-induced type 1 ECG. Methods and Results: We evaluated 15 BrS patients with drug-induced (D-BrS) and 29 with spontaneous type 1 ECG (SP-BrS). All patients had had a previous VF episode. In each D-BrS patient, ECG was recorded more than 15 times (mean, 46±34) during 7.2±5.1 years of follow-up. Age and family history were comparable between groups. Inferolateral early repolarization (ER) was observed in 13 D-BrS (87%) at least once but in only 3 SP-BrS (10%, P<0.01). Immediately after VF, inferolateral ER was accentuated in 9 of 10 D-BrS, while type 1 ECG was accentuated in 12 of 16 SP-BrS. Fragmented QRS in the right precordial lead and aVR sign were absent in D-BrS but present in 20 (69%, P<0.01) and 11 (38%, P<0.01) SP-BrS, respectively. There was no prognostic difference between groups. Conclusions: Although having similar clinical profiles, there are obvious ECG differences between VF-positive BrS patients with spontaneous or drug-induced type 1 ECG. The inferolateral lead rather than the right precordial lead on ECG may be particularly crucial in some BrS patients.
著者
Mari Ichikawa Takeshi Aiba Seiko Ohno Daichi Shigemizu Junichi Ozawa Keiko Sonoda Megumi Fukuyama Hideki Itoh Yoshihiro Miyamoto Tatsuhiko Tsunoda Takeru Makiyama Toshihiro Tanaka Wataru Shimizu Minoru Horie
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0486, (Released:2016-10-25)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
1 9

Background:Mutations inANK2have been reported to cause various arrhythmia phenotypes. The prevalence ofANK2mutation carriers in inherited primary arrhythmia syndrome (IPAS), however, remains unknown in Japanese. Using a next-generation sequencer, we aimed to identifyANK2mutations in our cohort of IPAS patients, in whom conventional Sanger sequencing failed to identify pathogenic mutations in major causative genes, and to assess the clinical characteristics ofANK2mutation carriers.Methods and Results:We screened 535 probands with IPAS and analyzed 46 genes including wholeANK2exons using a bench-top NGS (MiSeq, Illumina) or performed whole-exome-sequencing using HiSeq2000 (Illumina). As a result, 12 of 535 probands (2.2%, aged 0–61 years, 5 males) were found to carry 7 different heterozygousANK2mutations.ANK2-W1535R was identified in 5 LQTS patients and 1 symptomatic BrS and was predicted as damaging by multiple prediction software. In total, as to phenotype, there were 8 LQTS, 2 BrS, 1 IVF, and 1 SSS/AF. Surprisingly, 4/8 LQTS patients had the acquired type of LQTS (aLQTS) and suffered torsades de pointes. A total of 7 of 12 patients had documented malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias.Conclusions:VariousANK2mutations are associated with a wide range of phenotypes, including aLQTS, especially with ventricular fibrillation, representing “ankyrin-B” syndrome.
著者
Yasuo Okumura Koichi Nagashima Masaru Arai Ryuta Watanabe Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Takayuki Otsuka Shinya Suzuki Akio Hirata Masato Murakami Mitsuru Takami Masaomi Kimura Hidehira Fukaya Shiro Nakahara Takeshi Kato Wataru Shimizu Yu-ki Iwasaki Hiroshi Hayashi Tomoo Harada Ikutaro Nakajima Ken Okumura Junjiroh Koyama Michifumi Tokuda Teiichi Yamane Yukihiko Momiyama Kojiro Tanimoto Kyoko Soejima Noriko Nonoguchi Koichiro Ejima Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masahide Harada Kazumasa Sonoda Masaru Inoue Koji Kumagai Hidemori Hayashi Kazuhiro Satomi Yoshinao Yazaki Yuji Watari on behalf of the AF Ablation Frontier Registry
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0602, (Released:2019-10-16)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
5

Background:The safety of discontinuing oral anticoagulant (OAC) after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japanese patients has not been clarified.Methods and Results:A study based on the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) was conducted. Data were collected from 3,451 consecutive patients (74.1% men; age, 63.3±10.3 years) who had undergone AF ablation at any of 24 cardiovascular centers in Japan between August 2011 and July 2017. During a 20.7-month follow-up period, OAC therapy was discontinued in 1,836 (53.2%) patients; 51 patients (1.5%) suffered a stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), 71 (2.1%) suffered major bleeding, and 36 (1.0%) died. Patients in whom OAC therapy was discontinued were significantly younger than those in whom OACs were continued, and their CHA2DS2-VASc scores were significantly lower. The incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were significantly lower among these patients. Upon multivariate adjustment, stroke events were independently associated with relatively high baseline CHA2DS2-VASc scores but not with OAC status.Conclusions:Although the incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were relatively low among patients for whom OAC therapy was discontinued, stroke/TIA occurrence was strongly associated with a high baseline stroke risk rather than with OAC status. Thus, discontinuation of OAC therapy requires careful consideration, especially in patients with a high baseline stroke risk.
著者
Takeshi Yagyu Satoshi Yasuda Noritoshi Nagaya Kaori Doi Takeshi Nakatani Kazuhiro Satomi Wataru Shimizu Kengo Kusano Toshihisa Anzai Teruo Noguchi Hajime Ohgushi Soichiro Kitamura Kenji Kangawa Hisao Ogawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-1179, (Released:2019-05-17)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
2

Background:Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which have the potential to differentiate into cardiomyocytes or vascular endothelial cells, have been used clinically as therapy for cardiomyopathy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the long-term follow-up results.Methods and Results:We studied 8 patients with symptomatic heart failure (HF) on guideline-directed therapy (ischemic cardiomyopathy, n=3; nonischemic cardiomyopathy, n=5) who underwent intracardiac MSC transplantation using a catheter-based injection method between May 2004 and April 2006. Major adverse events and hospitalizations were investigated up to 10 years afterward. Compared with baseline, there were no significant differences in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) (from 211 to 173 pg/mL), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (from 24% to 26%), and peak oxygen uptake (from 16.5 to 19.2 mL/min/kg) at 2 months. During the follow-up period, no patients experienced serious adverse events such as arrhythmias. Three patients died of pneumonia in the 1st year, liver cancer in the 6th year, and HF in the 7th year. Of the remaining 5 patients, 3 patients were hospitalized for exacerbated HF, 1 of whom required heart transplantation in the 2nd year; 2 patients survived for 10 years without worsening HF.Conclusions:The results of this exploratory study of intracardiac MSCs administration suggest further research regarding the feasibility and efficacy is warranted.
著者
Masato Matsushita Akihiro Shirakabe Nobuaki Kobayashi Hirotake Okazaki Yusaku Shibata Hiroki Goda Saori Uchiyama Kenichi Tani Kazutaka Kiuchi Noritake Hata Kuniya Asai Wataru Shimizu
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.61-70, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
20

Background: The features of sleep-associated acute heart failure (AHF) patients admitted at midnight or early morning (M/E) are unclear. Methods and Results: Of 1,268 AHF patients screened, 932 were analyzed, and divided into 2 groups by admission time (M/E group, 23:00–06:59, n=399; daytime group, 07:00–22:59, n=533). Those in the M/E group were further divided by the presence of a prodrome: with (n=176; prodrome group) or without (n=223; sudden onset group). The median time from symptom onset to hospitalization was significantly shorter in the M/E group (98 min; range, 65–170 min) than in the daytime group (123 min; range, 68–246 min). The 365-day HF event rate in the M/E group was significantly lower than that of the daytime group. On multivariate logistic regression modeling the M/E group was independently associated with a better outcome than the daytime group (OR, 0.673; 95% CI: 0.500–0.905). In the M/E group, the 365-day HF event rate was significantly lower in the prodrome group than in the sudden onset group. On multivariate logistic regression modeling, inclusion in the prodrome group was independently associated with a better outcome (OR, 0.544; 95% CI: 0.338–0.877). Conclusions: AHF patients admitted during sleeping hours were not sicker than those admitted during the daytime. The absence of a prodrome, however, might be associated with future repeated HF events.
著者
Tsuyoshi Shiga Takanori Ikeda Wataru Shimizu Koichiro Kinugawa Atsuhiro Sakamoto Ryozo Nagai Takashi Daimon Kaori Oki Haruka Okamoto Takeshi Yamashita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.8, pp.440-445, 2020-08-07 (Released:2020-08-07)
参考文献数
13

Background:Post hoc analysis was used to investigate the effects of renal function on the efficacy and safety of landiolol using data from the J-Land II study, which evaluated landiolol in patients with hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) who were refractory to Class III antiarrhythmic drugs.Methods and Results:Patient data from the J-Land II study (n=29) were stratified by renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <45 and ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2) and analyzed. Continuous landiolol infusion (1 μg/kg/min, i.v.) was initiated after VT/VF was suppressed with electrical defibrillation; subsequent dose adjustments were made (1–40 μg/kg/min). The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients free from recurrent VT/VF during the assessment period. Safety endpoints were also assessed. In the eGFR <45 and ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2groups, the median doses of landiolol during the assessment period were 9.44 and 8.97 μg/kg/min, the proportions of patients free from recurrent VT/VF were 69.2% and 81.8%, and adverse events occurred in 9 and 10 of 13 patients in each group, respectively. There were no apparent differences in the efficacy or safety of landiolol between the 2 groups.Conclusions:The data suggest that renal function may not affect the efficacy and safety of landiolol for hemodynamically unstable VT or VF.
著者
Yasuo Okumura Koichi Nagashima Masaru Arai Ryuta Watanabe Katsuaki Yokoyama Naoya Matsumoto Takayuki Otsuka Shinya Suzuki Akio Hirata Masato Murakami Mitsuru Takami Masaomi Kimura Hidehira Fukaya Shiro Nakahara Takeshi Kato Wataru Shimizu Yu-ki Iwasaki Hiroshi Hayashi Tomoo Harada Ikutaro Nakajima Ken Okumura Junjiroh Koyama Michifumi Tokuda Teiichi Yamane Yukihiko Momiyama Kojiro Tanimoto Kyoko Soejima Noriko Nonoguchi Koichiro Ejima Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masahide Harada Kazumasa Sonoda Masaru Inoue Koji Kumagai Hidemori Hayashi Kazuhiro Satomi Yoshinao Yazaki Yuji Watari on behalf of the AF Ablation Frontier Registry
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.12, pp.2418-2427, 2019-11-25 (Released:2019-11-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
5

Background:The safety of discontinuing oral anticoagulant (OAC) after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japanese patients has not been clarified.Methods and Results:A study based on the Atrial Fibrillation registry to Follow the long-teRm Outcomes and use of aNTIcoagulants aftER Ablation (AF Frontier Ablation Registry) was conducted. Data were collected from 3,451 consecutive patients (74.1% men; age, 63.3±10.3 years) who had undergone AF ablation at any of 24 cardiovascular centers in Japan between August 2011 and July 2017. During a 20.7-month follow-up period, OAC therapy was discontinued in 1,836 (53.2%) patients; 51 patients (1.5%) suffered a stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA), 71 (2.1%) suffered major bleeding, and 36 (1.0%) died. Patients in whom OAC therapy was discontinued were significantly younger than those in whom OACs were continued, and their CHA2DS2-VASc scores were significantly lower. The incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were significantly lower among these patients. Upon multivariate adjustment, stroke events were independently associated with relatively high baseline CHA2DS2-VASc scores but not with OAC status.Conclusions:Although the incidences of stroke/TIA, major bleeding, and death were relatively low among patients for whom OAC therapy was discontinued, stroke/TIA occurrence was strongly associated with a high baseline stroke risk rather than with OAC status. Thus, discontinuation of OAC therapy requires careful consideration, especially in patients with a high baseline stroke risk.
著者
Takanori Ikeda Tsuyoshi Shiga Wataru Shimizu Koichiro Kinugawa Atsuhiro Sakamoto Ryozo Nagai Takashi Daimon Kaori Oki Haruka Okamoto Takeshi Yamashita The J-Land II Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.7, pp.1456-1462, 2019-06-25 (Released:2019-06-25)
参考文献数
9
被引用文献数
6

Background:We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of landiolol in Japanese patients with recurrent hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia or recurrent ventricular fibrillation (recurrent VT/VF).Methods and Results:This was an open-label, uncontrolled, multicenter study. Patients with hemodynamically unstable VT or VF 24 h prior to providing informed consent, and who were refractory to class III antiarrhythmic drugs, were enrolled. Landiolol was started at a dose of 1 μg/kg/min, after VT/VF was suppressed with electrical defibrillation. Landiolol was titrated up to 10 μg/kg/min in 1 h and adjusted between 1 and 40 μg/kg/min for the efficacy assessment (1–49 h). The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients free from recurrent VT/VF. Secondary efficacy endpoints included the number of recurrent VT/VF events and the survival rate 30 days after the start of landiolol treatment. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed for safety; 27 and 29 patients were analyzed for efficacy and safety, respectively. The proportion of patients free from recurrent VT/VF was 77.8% (95% CI 57.1–89.3). The mean (±standard deviation) number of recurrent VT/VF events was 9.3±7.9. The survival rate was 96.3%. The overall incidence of AEs and of serious AEs was 72.4% and 6.9%, respectively.Conclusions:Landiolol may be useful for Japanese patients with recurrent VT/VF who do not respond to class III antiarrhythmic drugs.
著者
Wataru Shimizu
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.12, pp.2867-2872, 2013 (Released:2013-11-25)
参考文献数
46
被引用文献数
15 31 4

Over the past 2 decades, a number of inherited cardiac arrhythmias, including congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) and Brugada syndrome (BrS), have been shown to have a link to mutations in genes encoding for ion channels or other membrane components. The recent HRS/EHRA/APHRS expert consensus statement on the diagnosis and management of patients with inherited arrhythmia syndromes has updated the clinical diagnosis of congenital LQTS and BrS. Genetic studies have identified 13 forms of congenital LQTS in 50–80% of clinically affected patients. Genotype-phenotype correlations have been investigated in the 3 major genotypes, LQT1, LQT2 and LQT3 syndromes, resulting in genotype-specific management and therapy. More detailed analyses of each genotype have suggested mutation location-, type-, or function-specific differences in clinical phenotype among the LQT1, LQT2, and possibly LQT3 genotypes. In BrS, only one-third of affected patients can be genotyped, mainly in the sodium channel gene, SCN5A; therefore, clinical studies of genotype-phenotype relationships have been limited. More recently, a genome-wide association study using a gene array explored the role of common genetic variants (polymorphisms) as the susceptible or modifier gene in both congenital LQTS and BrS.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 2867–2872)
著者
Ryozo Nagai Koichiro Kinugawa Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Yoshihiko Seino Takeshi Yamashita Wataru Shimizu Takeshi Aiba Masafumi Kitakaze Atsuhiro Sakamoto Takanori Ikeda Yasushi Imai Takashi Daimon Katsuhiro Fujino Tetsuji Nagano Tatsuaki Okamura Masatsugu Hori the J-Land Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.4, pp.908-916, 2013 (Released:2013-03-25)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
21 64

Background: A rapid heart rate (HR) during atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction often impairs cardiac performance. The J-Land study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting β-blocker, with those of digoxin for swift control of tachycardia in AF/AFL in patients with LV dysfunction. Methods and Results: The 200 patients with AF/AFL, HR ≥120beats/min, and LV ejection fraction 25–50% were randomized to receive either landiolol (n=93) or digoxin (n=107). Successful HR control was defined as ≥20% reduction in HR together with HR <110beats/min at 2h after starting intravenous administration of landiolol or digoxin. The dose of landiolol was adjusted in the range of 1–10μg·kg–1·min–1 according to the patient’s condition. The mean HR at baseline was 138.2±15.7 and 138.0±15.0beats/min in the landiolol and digoxin groups, respectively. Successful HR control was achieved in 48.0% of patients treated with landiolol and in 13.9% of patients treated with digoxin (P<0.0001). Serious adverse events were reported in 2 and 3 patients in each group, respectively. Conclusions: Landiolol was more effective for controlling rapid HR than digoxin in AF/AFL patients with LV dysfunction, and could be considered as a therapeutic option in this clinical setting.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 908–916)
著者
Ryozo Nagai Koichiro Kinugawa Hiroshi Inoue Hirotsugu Atarashi Yoshihiko Seino Takeshi Yamashita Wataru Shimizu Takeshi Aiba Masafumi Kitakaze Atsuhiro Sakamoto Takanori Ikeda Yasushi Imai Takashi Daimon Katsuhiro Fujino Tetsuji Nagano Tatsuaki Okamura Masatsugu Hori the J-Land Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-12-1618, (Released:2013-03-15)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
21 64

Background: A rapid heart rate (HR) during atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction often impairs cardiac performance. The J-Land study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting β-blocker, with those of digoxin for swift control of tachycardia in AF/AFL in patients with LV dysfunction. Methods and Results: The 200 patients with AF/AFL, HR ≥120beats/min, and LV ejection fraction 25–50% were randomized to receive either landiolol (n=93) or digoxin (n=107). Successful HR control was defined as ≥20% reduction in HR together with HR <110beats/min at 2h after starting intravenous administration of landiolol or digoxin. The dose of landiolol was adjusted in the range of 1–10μg·kg–1·min–1 according to the patient’s condition. The mean HR at baseline was 138.2±15.7 and 138.0±15.0beats/min in the landiolol and digoxin groups, respectively. Successful HR control was achieved in 48.0% of patients treated with landiolol and in 13.9% of patients treated with digoxin (P<0.0001). Serious adverse events were reported in 2 and 3 patients in each group, respectively. Conclusions: Landiolol was more effective for controlling rapid HR than digoxin in AF/AFL patients with LV dysfunction, and could be considered as a therapeutic option in this clinical setting.