- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
- vol.86, no.12, pp.1968-1979, 2022-11-25 (Released:2022-11-25)
Background: Non-contrast T1 hypointense infarct cores (ICs) within infarcted myocardium detected using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) T1 mapping may help assess the severity of left ventricular (LV) injury. However, because the relationship of ICs with chronic LV reverse remodeling (LVRR) is unknown, this study aimed to clarify it.Methods and Results: We enrolled patients with reperfused AMI who underwent baseline CMR on day-7 post-primary percutaneous coronary intervention (n=109) and 12-month follow-up CMR (n=94). Correlations between ICs and chronic LVRR (end-systolic volume decrease ≥15% at 12-month follow-up from baseline CMR) were investigated. We detected 52 (47.7%) ICs on baseline CMR by non-contrast-T1 mapping. LVRR was found in 52.1% of patients with reperfused AMI at 12-month follow-up. Patients with ICs demonstrated higher peak creatine kinase levels, higher B-type natriuretic peptide levels at discharge, lower LV ejection fraction at discharge, and lower incidence of LVRR than those without ICs (26.5% vs. 73.3%, P<0.001) at follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of ICs was an independent and the strongest negative predictor for LVRR at 12-month follow-up (hazard ratio: 0.087, 95% confidence interval: 0.017–0.459, P=0.004). Peak creatine kinase levels, native T1 values at myocardial edema, and myocardial salvaged indices also correlated with ICs.Conclusions: ICs detected by non-contrast-T1 mapping with 3.0-T CMR were an independent negative predictor of LVRR in patients with reperfused AMI.