- JunCture : 超域的日本文化研究 (ISSN:18844766)
- vol.10, pp.174-188, 2019-03-25
The aim of this paper is to analyze how two films, Gyaku-kosen (1956) and Natsu no arashi (1956), were underestimated and consequently forgotten in the context of Japan’s postwar gender dynamics. Based on literature authored by female university students, Iwahashi Kunie and Fukai Michiko, these two films were popularized in the name of “Sun Tribe women.” By investigating discourses on these works and their social background, this paper reveals a process through which in-depth discussion about women’s agency in controlling their bodies and expressing their desires has been excluded, and it delves into the untapped significance of Sun Tribe women. At the basis of the imbricated ground for oblivion—recognition as and prejudice against the Sun Tribe culture, failure in embodying the essence of the original literature, and conflict between the visualized heroin and actress Kitahara Mie’s star image—lies a deep-rooted gender issue. Discourses on Gyaku-kosen demonstrate men’s fear toward a self-oriented body of a woman which can never be seen in the idea pictures (democracy pictures) in the occupation era or the postwar “panpan” film (prostitute film). The forgotten Sun Tribe women, Kitahara and the authors of the original stories, encourage us to reconsider the generalized history of the film, the literature, and postwar Japan.