- 名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
- vol.2, pp.43-63, 2019-03-31
This paper gives an overview of past studies on Japanese adverbial particles, known as fuku-joshi, and shows the prospects for future tasks. An “adverb” is an adverbial particle which functions as the main structure of a continuous/predicative modifier phrase. However, it also shows various usage which overlaps with case particles, focus/topic particles, kakari-joshi, and even suffixes. Furthermore, each individual word classified as an adverbial particle has changed historically. This is why diverse positions have been forested in the research of “adverbial particles,” as well as various provisions being made with different objects and scopes of observation. In the background, the difference between researchers’ interests in modern and classical languages is also greatly involved. Moreover, the difference in the fundamental view on category setting is also an influence; for example, it influences where to place the main evidence (functional meaning or syntactic behavior), and how to see the relationship between the form and its affiliation category (whether different categories are set for each function, or whether multiple functions within the category are accepted). On the other hand, many of the adverbial particles are multifunctional over time. It can be said that pursuing a consistent explanation for its dynamics and diversity leads to a reasonable answer to the problem of understanding adverbial particles.