著者
斎藤 夏来 SAITO Natuski
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.371-390, 2019-03-31

The Okayama Prefectural Museum houses a portrait of UKITA Yoshiie, a 16th century Bizen warlord from the Sengoku Period. The painting, designated a National Important Cultural Property, bears an inscription that has been deciphered largely based on Edo Period transcriptions of the words. In this work, I have taken a closer look at the inscription based on a new high-definition infrared digital image of the colophon reproduced directly from the original painting. The content of the inscription, which was written in 1524 when Yoshiie was still in his prime, touches on two aspects of Yoshiie’s life: his family background and his battlefield exploits. Regarding Yoshiie’s background, a common assumption is that he is descended from the Baekje royal family. Yet from the inscription, Yoshiie himself contends that he rose out of the merchant class to become the knight class, and founded a new family linage. Turning to military exploits, the skirmishes and battles of UKITA Yoshiie and other regional warlords helped secure HOSOKAWA Takakuni’s support for the twelfth ASHIKAGA Shogun Yoshiharu in ways that are largely omitted from the documents and diaries of court nobles and monks living in the capital. Inscriptions on paintings, which are an integral part of the Zen GOZAN(five mountain) literary tradition of the 16th century, are not fictitious, but reflect the subjective reality of the calligraphers. Sixteenth century inscriptions can thus provide valuable insights into the political history of the Sengoku era.
著者
山下 宏明 Yamashita Hiroaki
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.473-492, 2018-03-31

We have trided to find when and who edited "Taiheiki". But this time I have devided Taiheiki into three parts, the first of which was edited depending on "Heike Talese". But narratologicaly speaking , it is a kind of rewrite of "Heikemonogatari". I have been reading "Taikeiki" as a tale. This paper depends on Narratology.
著者
古尾谷 知浩 FURUOYA Tomohiro
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.1, pp.447-458, 2018-03-31

p.451の下段からp.457は都合により掲載しておりません
著者
志波 彩子 SHIBA Ayako
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.305-323, 2018-03-31

It is known that the Japanese passive clitic -rare- also has an abilitative/potential meaning. However, the mechanism through which each meaning is construed has not been sufficiently revealed through previous studies. The clitic -rare- that emerged through the analogy of spontaneous intransitive verbal inflection, resulted in inheriting the spontaneity in the meaning, as many studies has argued. However, at the same time the -rare- sentence is closely connected to the speaker’s standpoint, which is a crucial factor in explaining the meanings of a sentence with -rare- usage. A sentence such as “Kono sakana wa nama de tabe-rare-ru. (this fish is/can be eaten raw)” is construed as passive when we describe/construe it in a neutral standpoint. Meanwhile, the same sentence can be construed as abilitative/potential when we refer to it from the standpoint of the agent who hopes or intends to realize the event that is referred to by the verb. The construction where the passive and abilitative/potential meanings interact most frequently is the inanimate-theme subject type, especially when the agent is a generic person as well as defocused.

3 0 0 0 IR 葵上の生と死

著者
大井田 晴彦 Oida Haruhiko
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.459-471, 2018-03-31

Lady Aoi (Aoi-no-ue) was the daughter of the Prime Minister (Sadaijin), and the first legal wife of Hikaru Genji. But, the couple were not well-matched. It was a political marriage, and this was not a love-match. There were no waka between this couple. The adjective uruhashi was often used for her. Genji feld her coldness and angularity dissatisfiedly. It was only his prejudice. She had a character warm kindly essentially. She was a domestic, and reliable wife. In the chapter of Aoi, in the marriage ninth year, she became pregnant, conjugal relations have begun to improve. She gave birth to a boy (Yugiri) and has been murdered by Rokujo no Miyasudokoro's spirit. Genji began her who suffered and felt love her very much. Aoi died in the middle of August as if The Moon Princess (Kaguyahime of Taketorimonogatari) returned to the moon. Her death was mourned for, and it was beautified by many words. They were unhappy, but she was an irreplaceable wife. She lived in the recollection of the people.
著者
鈴木 繁夫 Suzuki Shigeo
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.65-88, 2019-03-31

A positive attitude toward life, particularly learned optimism, has been explained in the field of positive psychology as a major key to developing a fruitful life of our own. Hope theory, a branch of the psychology, affirms that we should hold a positive outlook even under negative circumstances, but warns against embracing excessively biased illusions insofar as they may undermine practical and resourceful ways of attaining goals. The theory encourages critical thinking, viewed as indispensable for assessing circumstances and events we encounter. Many college educators who are motivated to produce globally competent students seem to be possessed with heavily biased illusions about negative side-effects of global capitalism, entranced by the idea that their ultimate mission is to furnish students with major skills required to survive in the globalized world. Another group of highly optimistic educators, disenchanted with addiction to economic growth, privilege the importance of quality of life in motivating students to reconstitute their identity as a unique individual amid the uniformity brought by globalization. Recent research, however, shows that Japanese students' mindsets and behaviors have become more dehumanized or "animalized" in the sense that they are unable to look beyond the present moment and immediate circumstances. Symbolic or virtual reality has superseded what used to be considered real or hard facts, replacing students' perceptions and sense of reality with those more akin to animals. In this postmodern condition, educators at least ought to choose a group of students who awaken from a weakness of the will immersed in pleasant illusions and help them awaken to the hope of "being integrated into the universal order" (Gabriel Marcel). Educationalists need to instill a belief within students that their morals and behavior are guided by their natural connections with "the order."
著者
志波 彩子 SHIBA Ayako
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.305-323, 2018-03-31

It is known that the Japanese passive clitic -rare- also has an abilitative/potential meaning. However, the mechanism through which each meaning is construed has not been sufficiently revealed through previous studies. The clitic -rare- that emerged through the analogy of spontaneous intransitive verbal inflection, resulted in inheriting the spontaneity in the meaning, as many studies has argued. However, at the same time the -rare- sentence is closely connected to the speaker's standpoint, which is a crucial factor in explaining the meanings of a sentence with -rare- usage. A sentence such as "Kono sakana wa nama de tabe-rare-ru. (this fish is/can be eaten raw)" is construed as passive when we describe/construe it in a neutral standpoint. Meanwhile, the same sentence can be construed as abilitative/potential when we refer to it from the standpoint of the agent who hopes or intends to realize the event that is referred to by the verb. The construction where the passive and abilitative/potential meanings interact most frequently is the inanimate-theme subject type, especially when the agent is a generic person as well as defocused.
著者
重見 晋也 SHIGEMI Shinya
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.391-400, 2018-03-31

Voltaire insère une épisode du séisme de 1755 à Lisbonne dans son Candide. Il est à noter une scène dans laquelle on insiste sur la nécessité de l’Inquisition, « auto da fè », afin de calmer la Catastrophe. L’oeuvre ne cesse d’inspirer même au XXe siècle. Theodore Adorno distingue la catastrophe d’origine naturelle et celle d’origine humaine et il considère que la dernière suscite de plus graves conséquences que l’autre citant le nom d’Auschwitz comme exemple. On peut le confirmer avec la Shoah en France, comme le montre la « Rafle du Vel’ d’Hiv ». On organise la Résistance et recourt non seulement à la violence pour lutter contre cette terreur, mais aussi au stylo et à l’encre. Or, l’écriture de la Résistance enchaîne des terreurs ou des désastres. Il s’agit donc de couper l’enchaînement de réactions et de terreurs, qui sont faites du désespoir de l’absence de Dieu. C’est la littérature qui prouve la réaction contre la suite des terreurs, comme Albert Camus cite dans L’Homme révolté un cri désespéré de Van Gogh : « Je [puis] bien […] me passer du bon Dieu. Mais je ne puis pas, […] me passer […] [de] la puissance de créer. »
著者
滝川 睦 Takikawa Mutsumu
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.89-99, 2019-03-31

This paper is intended as an investigation of the dietetics enacted by Shakespeare's Timon of Athens (Tim.). It is true, as I have previously suggested in the paper entitled "Timon as a Wild Man: An Approach to Timon of Athens," that Tim. is comprised of the Jacobean court masque elements: the masque and the antimasque. In the contemporary court masques, the main masque represents the magnanimity and bounty embodied in the prince, while the antimasque as "the rehearsal of cultures" (Mullaney 60–87) tends to disrupt and cast a shadow over the main masque. However, the cannibalistic images permeated in Tim. deconstruct the masque-like binary opposition in this play. The dietary consumption in Tim., on the other hand, represents the voidness of Timon's self. As Patricia Fumerton points out in Cultural Aesthetics: Renaissance Literature and the Practice of Social Ornament, the court masque is a kind of "void" or dessert which is exhibited and consumed in James I's Banqueting House. It is fair to say that Timon's self in the woods as well as Athens, "my confectionary" (4.3.259), is completely consumed and brought to "nothing" (5.2.73).本論は平成三十年度JSPS科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C)課題番号16K02447)による課題「近代初期英国における食事文学についての歴史的・文化史的研究」の研究成果の一部である。
著者
山下 宏明 YAMASHITA Hiroaki
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.301-337, 2019-03-31

The most forcalized problem about “Taiheiki” has been “How Taiheiki has been produced?” since “Nan Taikeiki” Imagawa Ryoshun’s opinion. How Taiheiki has been kept adding and cutting. This problem will still keep continuing on. But I think we should find a new problem, “How to read Taiheiki just as Genji Tale or Heikemonogatari have been”. In this paper I started to research “How to read the tale of the struggle between Nitta clan and Ashikaga clan”. We have called the part “The starting second part of Taiheiki”. Taiheiki is a historical tale as Heikemonogatari is. Narratologically speaking, I found a lot of problems. I will still take a few years to arrive at the end of Taiheiki.
著者
山下 宏明 Yamashita Hiroaki
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.473-492, 2018-03-31

We have trided to find when and who edited “Taiheiki”. But this time I have devided Taiheiki into three parts, the first of which was edited depending on “Heike Talese”. But narratologicaly speaking , it is a kind of rewrite of “Heikemonogatari”. I have been reading “Taikeiki” as a tale. This paper depends on Narratology.
著者
内田 綾子 Uchida Ayako
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.177-192, 2018-03-31

After World War II, the U.S. federal Indian policy was changed from the Indian New Deal to the Termination policy. The federal government tried to end the federal trust responsibility to Indian tribes and abolish their reservations. By the 1960s, the Pacific Northwest developed into the most rapidly growing industrial area in the United States owing to its rich natural resources. In Particular, the Hanford Site in southeast-central Washington became one of the most important nuclear facilities in the American West with the strong support of local politicians such as Henry M. Jackson. Although it helped the economic development of local communities in southeast central Washington, it brought serious environmental damages to the Colorado River as well as surrounding residents including Native American tribes. This essay analyzes the relations of the federal Indian policy and the impacts of the military-industrial complex on Native Americans, focusing on the Hanford Site during the Cold War era.
著者
野澤 暁子 NOZAWA Akiko
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.1, pp.245-268, 2018-03-31

本研究はJSPS科研費(15KK0048)の助成を受けたものです。
著者
藤田 祐史 FUJITA Yuji
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.2, pp.247-259, 2019-03-31

This paper analyzes Kawabata Yasunari's 1926 novel, The Izu Dancer ("Izu no Odoriko") and Matsumoto Seicho's 1959 novel, Beyond Amagi ("Amagi-goe"). Previous studies discussed the relations between two novels with a focus on the author. In contrast, I examine how "Amagi-goe"is created by imaginative powers of mystery novels. Firstly, I look at the problem from the relevant movie. It raises an issue that "Amagi-goe" is created by previous work. Secondly, I investigate which elements of the "Izu no Odoriko" are translated into the mystery novels. In this paper, I regard "Izu no Odoriko" as resources of detective stories, and research how to use resources. In fact, "Izu no Odoriko" has been used as resources of detective stories, movies, tourism, educations, and so on. "Amagi-goe" is composed of not only an imagination of an author but also plural elements. Thirdly, I place "Izu no Odoriko" or "Amagi-goe" in another context, "From Modern Japanese Literature to mystery novel". In conclusion, it is revealed that "Izu no Odoriko obscured the tragic dancing girl, and "Amagi-goe" or other mystery novels bring to unknown issues.
著者
宮地 朝子 MIYACHI Asako
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, pp.43-63, 2019-03-31

This paper gives an overview of past studies on Japanese adverbial particles, known as fuku-joshi, and shows the prospects for future tasks. An “adverb” is an adverbial particle which functions as the main structure of a continuous/predicative modifier phrase. However, it also shows various usage which overlaps with case particles, focus/topic particles, kakari-joshi, and even suffixes. Furthermore, each individual word classified as an adverbial particle has changed historically. This is why diverse positions have been forested in the research of “adverbial particles,” as well as various provisions being made with different objects and scopes of observation. In the background, the difference between researchers’ interests in modern and classical languages is also greatly involved. Moreover, the difference in the fundamental view on category setting is also an influence; for example, it influences where to place the main evidence (functional meaning or syntactic behavior), and how to see the relationship between the form and its affiliation category (whether different categories are set for each function, or whether multiple functions within the category are accepted). On the other hand, many of the adverbial particles are multifunctional over time. It can be said that pursuing a consistent explanation for its dynamics and diversity leads to a reasonable answer to the problem of understanding adverbial particles.

1 0 0 0 OA 葵上の生と死

著者
大井田 晴彦 Oida Haruhiko
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.459-471, 2018-03-31

Lady Aoi (Aoi-no-ue) was the daughter of the Prime Minister (Sadaijin), and the first legal wife of Hikaru Genji. But, the couple were not well-matched. It was a political marriage, and this was not a love-match. There were no waka between this couple. The adjective uruhashi was often used for her. Genji feld her coldness and angularity dissatisfiedly. It was only his prejudice. She had a character warm kindly essentially. She was a domestic, and reliable wife. In the chapter of Aoi, in the marriage ninth year, she became pregnant, conjugal relations have begun to improve. She gave birth to a boy (Yugiri) and has been murdered by Rokujo no Miyasudokoro’s spirit. Genji began her who suffered and felt love her very much. Aoi died in the middle of August as if The Moon Princess (Kaguyahime of Taketorimonogatari) returned to the moon. Her death was mourned for, and it was beautified by many words. They were unhappy, but she was an irreplaceable wife. She lived in the recollection of the people.
著者
滝川 睦 Takikawa Mutsumu
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.55-71, 2018-03-31

This paper is intended as an investigation of the poetics of diet in Shakespeare's major tragedies: Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth. As Michel Jeanneret suggests in A Feast of Words: Banquets and Table Talk in the Renaissance, it is right to say that the dietetics in early modern England "prescribes rational control over one's eating" for gluttons, and that it "seeks to control bodily instincts and subject them to a form of social censure" (73). However, in this study, the main stress falls on the fact that the paradigm of the diet enacted by Shakespeare's major tragedies draws the different trajectory from the contemporary dietetics: from the release of "appetite," through "boundless intemperance," to the purgation. The Shakespearean paradigm of diet is vividly exemplified in Titania's advice to Bottom on his diet (MND 3.1.160–61). The accelerating "appetites" which start the diet represented in Shakespeare's major tragedies mainly consist of female characters' desires: Gertrude's "appetite" (Ham. 1.2.144); Desdemona's "greedy ear" (Oth. 1.3.150); Daughters' hunger for hypocritical words (Lr. 1.1.118–19); a sailor's wife's greediness for chestnuts (Mac. 1.3.4–6).本論は平成二十九年度JSPS 科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C)課題番号16K02447)による課題「近代初期英国における食事文学についての歴史的・文化史的研究」の研究成果の一部である。
著者
丸尾 誠 韓 涛 MARUO Makoto HAN Tao
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.129-145, 2018-03-31

A Chinese separable word is a verb which appears to be a single word but can be separated into two parts, with other words in between. The verb “liuxue” (留学) is a separable word which can be turned into a grammatical phrase “liuguo xue” (留过学) through the addition of an aspectual particle after its verb part. However, “liuxueguo” (留学过) is also considered grammatical by many Chinese native speakers. Besides, the verb “liuxue” is the type of separable words which can take objects, but it can only take country names such as “China” and “Japan”. Rather the constructs with city names as its objects such as “*liuxue Beijing” (留学北京) are ungrammatical. This difference in grammaticality results from the motivation to set boundaries. This paper attempts to analyze such syntactic phenomena with the focus on the usages of the separable word “liuxue”.
著者
加納 修 KANO Osamu
出版者
名古屋大学人文学研究科
雑誌
名古屋大学人文学研究論集 (ISSN:2433233X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.193-211, 2018-03-31

The works of Gregory of Tours feature many slaves fulfilling various tasks. The society he describes was a slave-owning society. In sixth-century Gaul society that he describes, slave owning was common not only in the middle class but also at local village level. This paper focuses on the activities of these slaves and asks why some tasks were committed to slave labour. It is remarkable that Gregory of Tours mentions few slaves fulfilling agricultural labours. Instead, his works depict slaves in manufacturing roles. To work by one’s own hands was considered dishonourable for both the descendants of Roman aristocracy and for Germanic men of influence in sixth-century Gaul. Social custom sometimes forced tasks to be undertaken by slaves. One example is marriage by abduction, a continuation of Roman tradition wherein slaves would abduct a girl for marriage. Finally, it is interesting to note that slaves were also active in the execution of royal orders. Merovingian kings relied on slaves in their