- 名古屋大學教育學部紀要. 心理学 (ISSN:03874796)
- vol.45, pp.161-173, 1998-12-25
This paper is the review of the research for Wason's four-cards task, which was focused on the article from 1989 to 1995. In 1989,it has been argued about pragmatic reasoning schema (PRS) and social contract theory (SC). Although PRS and SC are different in their origin : The former is auquired from experience in everyday life, the latter is possessed by nature, both of them are deontic. And, deontic reasoning is largely explained by mental model. In non-deontic, i.e. dual processes, the cards of conspicious event are selected heuristically with belief bias or open context etc. The Piagetian has also accepted the dual processes in part, but they have interpreted the logical ability of human as developmental. In recent years, it has been suggested the synthetic theories such as Relevance theory by Sperber, et al. (1995) etc., which have attempted the discussion on the synthetic framework including deontic, PRS, SC, mental model or dual processes. These theories or models are examined in a place of the situated approarch.