- 長野工業高等専門学校紀要 = Memoirs of Nagano National College of Technology (ISSN:18829155)
- vol.53, pp.1-9, 2019-06-30
This article compares the capital cities of the Liao and Jin with Dadu 大都 of the Yuan dynasty and examines distinctive features of Dadu’s spatial structure as a capital city. The key to the comparison is kingship rites, or rites associated with regal authority. Capital cities on China’s Central Plain were places for performing Confucian rites. The Liao, Jin, and Yuan each captured Kaifeng 開封. When doing so, they assimilated the culture of the Central Plain, but the way in which they did so differed. In particular, changes can be seen in the spatial structure of their capital cities, depending on the extent to which they adopted the suburban sacrifice (jiaosi 郊祀), which functioned as a kingship rite on the Central Plain. The spatial structure of Dadu was similar to that of capital cities on the Central Plain, but Kublai Khan did not perform the suburban sacrifice, and instead he performed kingship rites that derived from Tibetan Buddhism and shamanism. Making use of this fact, I clarify characteristics of Dadu’s spatial structure as a capital city.