- 白山人類学 = Hakusan Review of Anthropology (ISSN:13415980)
- vol.23, pp.141-168, 2020-03
This paper explores the dynamics of ethnicity of the Zainichi Koreans living with the Japanese in a Hisabetsu-buraku, or “discriminated district”, in Sakai, Osaka prefecture, Japan. Here, the term “Zainichi Koreans” refers to the Koreans who or whose ancestors migrated from the KoreanPeninsula to Japan before or during the Second World War; and who, concurrently, maintain their identity as Koreans. Sakai is an administrative city located in the southern industrial suburbs of a metropolitan region of Osaka.Both the Zainichi Koreans and the Hisabetsu-buraku people have long suffered severe discrimination and prejudice in Japan. A number of sociological, historical, and other academic studies has so far addressed the issues of ethnicity or identity of these marginalized communities.However, the scholars have paid less attention to the dynamics of their identity (re)formation which may have historically occurred in the process of daily interactions between these two communities.Reviewing these earlier studies, the present paper aims to 1) depict the daily lives and social spaces constructed by the Zainichi Koreans who live side by side with the Japanese Hisabetsuburaku people in A town, Sakai; and 2) examine the dynamic (re)formation of ethnicity of the second-generation Zainichi Koreans in this town. The study is mainly based on the interviews I conducted from 2006 through 2011 with the Zainichi Koreans and the Hisabetsu-buraku people in A town.