著者
宮下 良子
出版者
白山人類学研究会
雑誌
白山人類学 = Hakusan Review of Anthropology (ISSN:13415980)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.141-168, 2020-03

This paper explores the dynamics of ethnicity of the Zainichi Koreans living with the Japanese in a Hisabetsu-buraku, or “discriminated district”, in Sakai, Osaka prefecture, Japan. Here, the term “Zainichi Koreans” refers to the Koreans who or whose ancestors migrated from the KoreanPeninsula to Japan before or during the Second World War; and who, concurrently, maintain their identity as Koreans. Sakai is an administrative city located in the southern industrial suburbs of a metropolitan region of Osaka.Both the Zainichi Koreans and the Hisabetsu-buraku people have long suffered severe discrimination and prejudice in Japan. A number of sociological, historical, and other academic studies has so far addressed the issues of ethnicity or identity of these marginalized communities.However, the scholars have paid less attention to the dynamics of their identity (re)formation which may have historically occurred in the process of daily interactions between these two communities.Reviewing these earlier studies, the present paper aims to 1) depict the daily lives and social spaces constructed by the Zainichi Koreans who live side by side with the Japanese Hisabetsuburaku people in A town, Sakai; and 2) examine the dynamic (re)formation of ethnicity of the second-generation Zainichi Koreans in this town. The study is mainly based on the interviews I conducted from 2006 through 2011 with the Zainichi Koreans and the Hisabetsu-buraku people in A town.
著者
八尾 祥平
出版者
白山人類学研究会
雑誌
白山人類学 = Hakusan review of anthropology (ISSN:13415980)
巻号頁・発行日
no.21, pp.81-104, 2018-03

This research examines the historical process of how the pineapple industry propagated toOkinawa via Taiwan from Hawaii. Previous research studied the history of the pineapple industryby examining local history. This research goes beyond the influence of local regions and great power,but analyzes the process by shedding light on the international flow of a commodity and the peoplethat accompanied the propagation of the pineapple industry to various colonies of the world.This research reveals that the change of the regional order in the Asian-Pacific area had greatimpacts on the international flow in the pineapple industry. Firstly, the network transferring acommodity and the people that supported the propagation of pineapple industry to Okinawa viacolonial Taiwan from American territory was created because of the falling of the Hawaii and RyukyuKingdom at almost the same period by great power (the strong fortitudes) and also because Taiwanwas being governed by the Japanese Empire. Secondly, since after the collapse of the JapaneseEmpire and the reconstruction of the regional order of Asia-Pacific area due to the cold war system,the Philippines and Thailand, whose labor cost was cheap, eroded the world market share in Hawaii,Taiwan and Okinawa in the so-called open market.There are still discussions taking place that support the modernization theory, which claimsthat the economic growth in developing countries contributed to the transition of the base of thepineapple industry from Hawaii, Taiwan, and Okinawa to Philippine and Thailand. However, it issignificant in the history of the conversation about the pineapple industry to shed light on the peoplewho tried to stabilize their life while they were tossed about by the change of the local power betweengreat countries challenging the dominate arguments like the modernization theory. The importanceof research on the transition of a commodity and the people that connect the sphere of influence of multiple countries will be more and more recognized from now on.
著者
森田 良成
出版者
白山人類学研究会
雑誌
白山人類学 = Hakusan Review of Anthropology (ISSN:13415980)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, pp.57-78, 2017-03

This paper looks into two interrelated processes staged in a rural community in West Timor, Indonesia, a community that has been largely left behind by development projects. One is the process of rapid spread of mobile phones and expansion of their use. Another is the process of development (involving many twists and turns) of enterprises trying to create the electric infrastructure needed to charge mobile phones, a process that has recently suffered a serious setback. The author describes the two processes and analyzes how villagers proactively purchase new products, incorporate them into their daily lives, and master the ways to use them to fit their environment, at the same time letting the chances of "development", chances that are right there in front of their eyes, slip by. The purpose of the analysis is to highlight the "electroscape", an indispensable condition expected to just be there for the processes of development and modernization, a condition, without which everyday lives of us, researchers, and the countries we come from, would not have been possible, but one which still goes unnoticed by those whose very lives depend on it. This analysis of a rural community in Indonesia shall help us see how consumption and the desire to consume operate on a deeper level, a level unseen with such simple classifications as the "(pseudo-)middle class" and the "poor."
著者
合地 幸子
出版者
白山人類学研究会
雑誌
白山人類学 = Hakusan review of anthropology (ISSN:13415980)
巻号頁・発行日
no.20, pp.7-28, 2017-03

In this paper, I discuss the consumption style of people in rural Yogyakarta, Indonesia from the viewpoint of the health care as a state of physical, mental and social well-being. Specifically, I focus on the type of consumption associated with health preservation, medical treatment, elderly care and examining both goods and services.First, I studied the village inhabitants' use of the public health care services and consider that the users of these services are in the lower in the local hierarchy. By the consumption except the public health service, the consumption style of the villager is similar to the lifestyle of the urban dweller spending property for a health care.Secondly, I mentioned that consumption related to elderly care can be made possible through economic redistribution among families. The village inhabitants are making economic efforts to approach a " lifestyle like middle class ". The implication of this mentality varies. Even if information and concepts, goods, and services inevitably enter the village life from outside the village or globally, it is still most important for village inhabitants to screen out what is a necessity right now.Finally I pointed out the factors influencing economic growth in the rural area, the future strategies for goods and services providers, and the lifestyles of young people following their strategies.