- vol.43, no.2, pp.165-187, 2003-02-28
The purpose of this study is to review gender studies in Japanese human geography, focusing mainly on studies of women's employment and commuting. First, I examine gender differences and regional differences in employment. I point out that, while women's employment rates are high in urban region compared with rural region, the white-collar worker's ratio are high in urban region. In other words, two variables show negative coefficients. Regional differences in men's employment rates, however, originate in regional characteristics or regional culture. Next, I explain that women's employment has been approached through analysis of regional labor markets in Japanese economic geography. Moreover, while referencing Anglophone literatures, I argue that gender difference in life actions has been mentioned in commuting studies and time geography. I point out that the average commuting time of unmarried women is longer than unmarried men in urban regions. Finally, I predict how the future of gender studies will progress in Japanese human geography, considering the development of feminist geography and the increase of gender studies outside of the field of employment in recent years. In the future I expect that the notion of gender will establish itself as an important issue and will be discussed more frequently within the discipline of Japanese human geography.