著者
The Criminal Museum of Meiji University
出版者
明治大学
雑誌
明治大学博物館研究報告 (ISSN:13420941)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.55-58, 2003-03-31

The reproduction of "Iron Maiden of Nurnberg" is told to be a tool for torture or execution in Germany in the medieval ages and is well-known as only one exhibition material in Japan. A lot of sharp nails are driven inside of capsule like a coffin for mummy. This was a device to make a skewer of human body easily and instantly, whenever the cover was shut down. Recently we were instructed concerning the whereabouts of "Iron Maiden of Nurnberg" in Europe by Ms. Silvia Schlegel, vice director of the Museum Schloss Kyburg in Switzerland. Having immediately made also our own original research regarding the whereabouts of "Iron Maiden" and grasped information mentioned in the attached list, we report it here. Mr. ODA Jun was mainly in-charge-of this research. Taking this opportunity, we would like to express my sincere appreciation for Ms. S. Schlegel.
著者
高野 弘之
出版者
明治大学
雑誌
明治大学博物館研究報告 (ISSN:13420941)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.57-137, 2005-03-31

Presently, the criminal department of Meiji university Museum stores more than 700 picture materials mainly consisting of "Nishikie" issued during the Meiji era. "Nishikie" means colorful block print, which were published in Edo area during the period from Edo to Meiji era and popularized very much among the general public. In this report, a catalogue of picture materials including Nishikie is made up. I am engaged in re-arrangement work of many materials stored in the criminal department. This report is a part of research result accompanied with such a re-arrangement work. The purposes why I have written this report are as follows: Firstly, to facilitate museum works. This report was made on the necessity of management of various materials stored in the museum. Secondly, to promote utilization of various materials stored in the museum. I have raised many proposals, based on the present situation of the utilization of various materials stored in the museum. Compositions of this report are as follows: Firstly, I have explained the background that I have made up mind to prepare this report and the purpose why I have prepared this catalogue. Secondly, I have analyzed the situation how the materials stored in the museum are utilized and extracted some problematic points. Thirdly, I have analyzed the environment surrounding materials stored in the museum. In particular, I have viewed research situation of picture materials in our museum and arrangement situation of catalogues and extracted problematic points of each situations. Lastly, I have viewed conservation situation of materials and adequacy regarding the limitation of perusal of materials.
著者
島田 和高 鈴木 尚史 飯田 茂雄 杉原 重夫
出版者
明治大学
雑誌
明治大学博物館研究報告 (ISSN:13420941)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, pp.1-28, 2006-03-31

Yadegawa sites, which have yielded many localities of microblade assemblage are located at Minamimaki village, Minami-saku county, Nagano prefecture. Microblade industries are distributed widely throughout Japan in the final stage of Late Paleolithic period. In Yadegawa sites, Yadegawa I site is a place of the first discovery that maicroblade industry exists in Japan in 1954. Afterward, Yadegawa I site was excavated twice in 1954 and 1963, and assemblages composed of microblades, microcores, scrapers and flakes and chips were recovered. Now the mass of them are garnered at Meiji University Museum. In this article, we would report a result of obsidian source analysis by using X-ray fluorescent (EDXRF). The materials are thirty-nine microcores excavated at Yadegawa I site. The analysis of EDXRF was operated at Meiji University Cultural Properties Laboratory. As a result of analysis, it proves that seventeen of microcores are identified with obsidian that came from Onbase Island, nine from Tsumetayama/Mugikusa pass, six from west Kirigamine, two from Wada pass/Takayama, one from Omekura and four were not identified. Onbase Island is situated in the Pacific at a distance of about 50km from the edge of Izu peninsula. Of course some kinds of the voyage technology might had existed for obsidian transportation from the Pacific to the main land. In addition, it has a distance of about 150km from the edge of Izu peninsula to Yadegawa sites. Other obsidian sources mentioned earlier are located at the central highlands in Nagano prefecture, the region of which is close to Yadegawa sites westward beyond Yatsugatake mountain range. It has a distance of about 20-40km. Based on these results, we attempted to do comparative studies in the technology and the form of microcores between those made from "exotic obsidian" and from "local obsidian". A category of "Ryo-chu type microcore" is applicable to them likewise. When "exotic obsidian" and "local obsidian" are compared in this context, some distinct chracteristics become apparent as follows. Whereas thick flakes are applied to microcores made from "exotic obsidian" as blanks, the numbers of microcores made from "local obsidian" were manufactured from small size of obsidian rocks directly. This represents that the differences of obsidian source bring large varieties into the technology and the form of "Ryo-chu type" microcores. In addition, this implicates the existence of a complex obsidian circulation network between areas of the mountain and the ocean in the final stage of Japanese Late Paleolithic period as well.
著者
久水 俊和
出版者
明治大学博物館
雑誌
明治大学博物館研究報告 (ISSN:13420941)
巻号頁・発行日
no.14, pp.1-10, 2009-03

明治大学博物館には、祭主(伊勢神宮の神職の長)藤波家伝来の文書として「藤波家文書」二二点が所蔵されている。その内「書状の部」として、中世を中心とした文書群一四点が所収されている。しかし、藤波家に直接関係していると思われる文書は僅かであり、その大部分は公家である広橋家に関する文書である。その内容は、中世においては形式的に受け継がれている律令制・太政官制の流れをくむ公文書が多く、特に年給(皇族・后妃・公卿などに毎年与えられた年官と年爵)関連の史料が目立つ。その他にも、広橋家々領の相続に関する置文や、藤波家が蒙った勅勘に関する嘆願書など、歴史学的にも重要な第一級史料も所収されている。
著者
伊能 秀明
出版者
明治大学
雑誌
明治大学博物館研究報告 (ISSN:13420941)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.41-77, 2001-03-30

In 1997 a special exhibition "The Exhibition of Torture in Europe - Think about the Human Rights and Liberty - " was held at the Criminal Museum of Meiji University in Asia for the first time under the sponsorship of this museum, Japan Frontier Association, and the Museum of Medieval Crimes in Italy. The period of this exhibition ended once on October 14, however, many citizens' wish, "it is impossible to hold such an exhibition again in Japan, so we wish it to be extended," was heard. We responded to their voices, and extended the exhibition that successfully closed on December 14. This paper contains the slides and talk that was held as a special commemorative project for the extended exhibition period. It explains the apparatus for torture / execution exhibited in "The Exhibition of Torture in Europe" introducing illustrations from Europe and Japan. I shall be happy if this will be a good opportunity to gain more extensive knowledge on cruelty and inhumanity of torture and execution, and deepen more understanding on the respect for the human rights and liberty.
著者
伊能 秀明 久住 真也
出版者
明治大学
雑誌
明治大学博物館研究報告 (ISSN:13420941)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.5, pp.75-86, 2000-03-31

The Criminal Museum of Meiji University is to place the Inagaki Family Documents of the Toba Clan in Shima Province (present Mie Prefecture) on exhibition. On this occasion, we would like to make some comments on it. The Inagaki Family of the Toba Clan, an original owner of the documents, had begun with the first visit of Akikata Inagaki to Toba from Karasuyama in Shimotsuke Province in Kyohho 10 (1725). Since then, the Family had been succeeded by Akinaka, Nagamochi, Nagatsugu, Nagakata, Nagaaki, Nagayuki, and Nagahiro as a hereditary feudal lord to hold a fief yielding 30, 000 koku. It experienced the abolition of the clan system in Meiji 4 after a reform of the Restoration. The Clan was small, but the geographical position made it a key place in the closing days of the Tokugawa government, when an alarm for international crisis was rung. Toba facing Ise Bay is a strategic point of distribution between Edo and Ohsaka as a port to wait for a favorable wind. Also, the Ise Shrine locates behind Toba. The Criminal Museum has purchased a bunch of these historical documents through a secondhand bookstore, but the details are unknown. Contents of the documents suggest that they had been kept in the hands of the liege lords. Consequently, unlike formal documents of the clan government, we have to point out that the documents can hardly show us the administration or financial situation of the Clan and information about the vassalic people. A book, "Mie Ken Shi (History of Mie Prefecture)", shiryohhen (compilation of data), kinsei 4 (modern times 4), johge (the first and the second volumes), published in 1999, is supposed to be the latest result as historical materials with respect to the Toba Clan. The book is substantial enough in both quality and quantity. It contains historical materials taking broad view of things, not only within the Clan but also nationwide issues, focusing on politics, society, finance in the closing days of the Tokugawa government and in the Meiji Restoration period. According to the comments, the collected documents consist of historical materials held by the whole family and by the districts. In conclusion, the documents concerned is supposed to be helpful for study development covering the deficiencies of other books, using it together with the latest outcome of "Mie Ken Shi (History of Mie Prefecture)" that will be continually published.