著者
石村 華代
雑誌
国際人間学部紀要 = International human studies
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.53-65, 2012-03-31

This paper investigates how eating is related to an ethical dimension and how it can help to form one's character by focusing on the behavior of eating. The first chapter clarifies that eating "well" is not only eating "comfortably" and "flavourful food" but also eating "ethically", based on Derrida's arguement. Singer suggests that some kinds of animals whichcan feel suffering should be regarded as being equal to human beings and we should not eat them. But Derrida thinks that it is not necessary to be a vegetarian to eat "well". What we should think seriously about is not what we should eat but how we should eat. In the second chapter we confirm Derrida's concept of justice, compared with that of right, and examine whether it is possible to pursue justice at the same time when we eat. His interpretation of justice helps us to analyze such an educational practice as that put on record by Toshiko Toriyama when she killed chickens and ate them with her students in her class. The justice on eating is not to observe various rules at meals only formally but to take into consideration the border between human beings as the subject ofeating and animals as the object of what is eaten. As a result, when we attempt to eat "well", it is not enough to only use good manners and food that tastes good. We should experience the instant of aporia when we cannot decide whether we eat or not. We should recognize that we cannot live a life without attacking other creatures and sometimeseat "uncomfortably".
著者
WALTERS Nicholas
雑誌
国際人間学部紀要 = International human studies
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.119-138, 2012-03-31

本論文は、Section 1からSection 3までの三部構成である。本論文では、シャーロックホームズの「ノーウッドの建築業者」、名探偵ポアロの「スタイルズ荘の怪事件」、ブラッドレー夫人の「月桂樹は毒です」の3つのミステリードラマを取り上げた。 Section 1では使用した各ミステリードラマの概要を述べる。そうすることによって、各作品の重要な要素を明らかにし、また、今後ミステリーというジャンルの特徴を掴む研究の礎にすることができる。 Section 2ではSection 1で述べたミステリードラマを視聴することで、どういう歴史や文化に関する情報が得られるかについて述べる。特に、法律に関する機関、当時のファッション、そして富裕層の住居について説明する。イギリスの歴史や文化について理解を深めるために、さらに何が、どのように使えるかは今後の研究に回したい。 Section 3ではこれらのミステリードラマを使って、大学生へ向けた授業科目のコースデザインの方法を簡単に述べる。