著者
神田 文人 高澤 美子 Fuhito Kanda Yoshiko Takazawa 敬愛大学環境情報研究所 Institute of Environmental Studies Keiai University
雑誌
環境情報研究 = Journal of Environmental Studies
巻号頁・発行日
no.8, pp.15-36, 2000-04-30

この論文は,戦後千葉県各地で入植・開拓が行われ開拓農業協同組合が全県下で113ケ所も組織されたが,それらを総体として取り上げるのではない。三里塚の御料牧場に入植した沖縄県出身者の入植時の非常なる苦労やその組合の推移を辿り,かつその中心となった久米島出身者との関係を追跡したものである。沖縄県人は伝統的に海外や日本本土への移民が多かったが,久米島もその例外ではなかった。その一人に与世盛智郎のようにハワイで薬剤師として活躍していた人材も存在した。その与世盛が戦争最末期以後,日本本土に在住していたので,郷里に帰れなくなった県人とくに久米島出身者を集めて御料牧場の開放に着手し,開放に成功した。与世盛が組合を去った後,組合の経営は娘婿の上江洲智泰ら同じ久米島出身者に委ねられ,ようやく生活の安定が得られたとき,全く突如として成田空港問題が発生し,立ち退きを余儀なくされたのである。この論文は全体の構成を打ち合わせた上で主として神田がまとめたが,その際,数回の聞き取り調査については高澤の協力を得た。とくに沖縄本島での石川友紀・上江洲智泰氏との,久米島での喜久永正・上江洲智隆氏との面談については細部にわたる点検を経て作成されたものである。
著者
村川 庸子 Yoko MURAKAWA
雑誌
環境情報研究 = Journal of Environmental Studies
巻号頁・発行日
no.9, pp.113-124, 2001-04-30

This is a part of the cooperative study entitled "Empirical Research on the Social and Cultural Characteristics of the Surrounding Area of Sanrizuka, Narita in Chiba Prefecture. Paying attention to the fact that there were some settlers, who were originally from Kumejima, Okinawa, had immigrated and had been repatriated from abroad after defeat of Japan, the present writer traces their "postwar history"-how they reestablished their lives in Sanrizuka, keeping the social and cultural ties and solidarity in the Okinawan community, and how they coped with the eviction problem from the airport site. Their stories provide a fresh perspective for looking at historical and contemporary significances both "Okinawa" and "Narita" in the postwar history of Japan.
著者
神田 文人 Fuhito Kanda 敬愛大学環境情報研究所 Institute of Environmental Studies Keiai University
雑誌
環境情報研究 = Journal of Environmental Studies
巻号頁・発行日
no.7, pp.95-102, 1999-04-30

The purpose of this article is to explain two points. 1) How Yahagi, which was one of Sakura 7-Maki and a horse pasture in Edo Era, became Toyomi Settlement located in Toyoma village (present Narita city), Kuga village (present Tako town) and Osuga village (present Taiei town) in the early Meiji Era. 2) How these were settlements in "reconnaissance records" of the Army's General Staff Office.
著者
高田 洋子 Yoko TAKADA
雑誌
環境情報研究 = Journal of Environmental Studies
巻号頁・発行日
no.11, pp.57-72, 2003-04-30

The purpose of this paper, (the second part of an aricle first published in 2000), is to make clear the social characteristics of the area in and around Narita and Sakura (Shimousa), comparing "the opening process" with that of the Mekong delta. The writer discusses how the epoch-making development of the Shimousa plateau during the Meiji period came about due to its natural environment despite difficulties with land use and government settlement policies. The writer focuses principally on Tomisato, an area southeast of Inba lake near Narita and Sakura. In contrast with the Mekong delta, a large amount of archaeological and historical evidences tracing the process of deforestation has been discovered in this low land and plateau region. Based on historical documentation, the social structure of medieval (12th century) Tomisato is examined including that of Shimousakoku Intousyo Goujison Kyoumyo. The writer notes that Kenchi was undertaken in this area at the end of the 16th century and contrasts the Kenchi-cho with Dia ba of the 19th century Vietnam. The writer further evaluates the advanced policies of the Japanese authorities in their more direct control of land and people. In 1722 Edo Bakuhu advanced the so-called Kyoho-Kaikaku project to clear land and increase taxation. The writer notes that once local residents had finished completely opening low lands to rice cultivation in their village, they found that they could not clear the adjoining diluvial plateau due to serious troubles with its soil. This was despite the fact that the Edo government allowed cultivation of its public land, Makiba. At the beginning of Meiji period, the villages of Nanae and Tokura were established on the Tomisato plateau. This was part of a relocation project by the new government to help reduce social tentions in Tokyo where unemployment was becoming a problem. The writer details methods used to recruit laborers for the project, listing demographic information sucn as age, former occupation and influence on the area's development. (continued)
著者
高田 洋子 Yoko Takada 敬愛大学環境情報研究所 Institute of Environmental Studies Keiai University
雑誌
環境情報研究 = Journal of Environmental Studies
巻号頁・発行日
no.8, pp.5-13, 2000-04-30

This study is one part of a cooperative study entitled "Empirical Research on the Social and Cultural Charactaristics of the surrounding areas of Sanrizuka, Narita-city, Chiba-prefecture." The writer focuses on the historical changes in the Boso peninsula of Chiba Prefecture brought by the reclamation policy of the Meiji Government that was carried on in Shimousa. This was a designed for unemployed samurais and the destitute of Tokyo to clear woodlands on the Simousa Plateau. The names of the hamlets that were founded by settlers still remain in north western Shimousa. The purpose of this study is to examine more closely the long-term historical development of the origins of settlement in the Sanrizuka area located in Shimousa after World War II. The writer will compare the process of the opening up of the Shimousa Plateau with the clearing of the Mekong Delta in the next issue.