著者
Kaori Takahashi
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.96-107, 2012-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

The purpose of this article is to consideration how artists perceive their creativity in art projects. Creativity or creating new values has been attracting attention through such concepts as “the creative city”, although the sociology of the arts has not taken account of creativity. Art projects in which artists and citizens try to stimulate their communities through art and cultural activities have developed throughout Japan, but artists feel a duality in their art activities. They have an “art-orientation” directed to making their works valuable in aesthetic or artistic terms. At the same time, they have a “relation-orientation” that regards making relationships as important. This duality makes the activities of artists more difficult. Nonetheless, they are trying to achieve a creative balance between these two orientations.
著者
Mizuho Hashisako
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.146-157, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

By concentrating on the process of making something by hand, this paper considers what kind of value handmade “charm-goods” had for girls in Japan's 1980s boom of “fortune-telling & charm.” It has been said that “charm-goods” in the 1980s “magic-religious popular culture” gave girls their own sense of identity with a world-view that was worthy of them, but with “charm-goods” the fact that they were made by hand has been regarded as being important. This second element seems to have demanded from girls a more active commitment to “fortune-telling and charm.” Through analyzing the articles of “My Birthday,” which is well known as a representative “fortune-telling & charm” magazine for girls, I clarify that “charm-goods” and their being made by hand helped girls to get involved in and improve their real-life communication skills.
著者
Keisuke Saito
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.172-183, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)

This paper attempts to describe the history of sociology in postwar Japan based on an objective data source: the membership directory of the Japanese Sociological Association. Attempts to describe the history of sociology in postwar Japan have been made repeatedly. However, many appear to have been based on the personal impressions of established sociologists and are therefore “subjective.” The paper tries to describe this history in a verifiable manner, based on data, and compares its results with those founded on “subjective” descriptions. Our findings are so different from what has been suggested by preceding studies. Then, the fact that the insights from the preceding studies have been verified in an objective and reliable manner is a finding in itself. With further, similar attempts, it should be possible to describe the history of sociology in a more multi-faceted and valid manner.
著者
Yasuaki Dan
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.124-135, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)

Since the outbreak of the Korean War, Sasebo City has received favors because it hosts a U.S. army and navy base. During the war, the number of cyclos that carried officers and soldiers to recreational facilities with prostitutes in Sasebo's red-light district increased. The local government passed ordinances that enabled it to clamp down on these cyclos and “liquidate” them. With these changes in the law and the government's enforcement of the ordinances, the cyclos changed their routes and the urban experience.
著者
Keisuke Saito
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.87-98, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

This paper presents an analysis of a researcher's academic position when getting published in The Annual Review of Sociology and the Japanese Sociological Review during each academic year from 2001 through 2010. The study examines the general situation of young researchers hoping to get published in these academic journals and tries to identify how often their theses are ultimately published. In particular, it focuses on the peer review system in order to understand the strategic thinking that young researchers employ when submitting their theses. By comparing the two journals, this study identifies the problems faced by young researchers and suggests strategies for solving these problems.
著者
Takashi Kashima
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.210-221, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

The purpose of this article is to make the history of relationship between “SENSE” and “YOUTH” clear. For this purpose, this article treats the graphic designer as a profession in Japan in the 1960's as a case. The methodology of this article is historical sociology of the discourse. The analysis is as follows. Firstly, the graphic designer was an adult profession until the 1960's. Secondly, the graphic designer became a young person's profession in the 1960's. Thirdly, at that time, the “SENSE” that had been denied before came to be affirmed. Fourthly, the affirmation of the “SENSE” at that time accompanied the change in the context of communications. Fifthly, it is a change from evaluation based on understanding to evaluation based on interest.
著者
Miki NISHIKURA
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.37-48, 2008-07-20 (Released:2012-02-29)

The purpose of this paper is to sociologically examine the difficulties associated with disfigurement and the strategies for coping with this by using the life-stories of women with such facial disfigurement. The first part of this research is based on life-story interviews and examines the "lived time" of individual respondents. In contrast to Goffman who adopted a synchronic approach that focused on the fixed scene of social interaction and described how stigmatized people survive their situation, I examined the total lives of women with facial disfigurement diachronically. I found that women did not think camouflage makeup was always all-purpose. Camouflage makeup brings out both good and bad points, something that those who provide makeup service should consider in supporting those with facial disfigurement.
著者
Eriko Motomori
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.174-185, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

This paper analyzes the socialization theory and the repeated criticisms of it. Critics partly believe that the childhood socialization is related to better relations between individuals and society (i.e. the “Hobbesian Problem”), and partly doubt the peculiarity of childhood relationships. Luhmann converted the theory by his original interpretation of socialization, and the concept of “the child as a medium of the education”. However, he still remains inside our sociological imagination concerning individual and society. We should rethink why we have tried to question the relation between individual and society, and, on the one hand, analyze “childhood” as a discourse.
著者
Hiroto Matsuki
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.162-173, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

This paper explores how the experience and the practice of providing family day care are organized by analyzing the narrative of family day care providers. Their work is made accountable through the logic of domesticity and the logic of professionalism. Although professionalism is often referred to in opposition to domesticity, redefining their own professionalism in terms of the artfulness of realizing the logic of domesticity is useful for avoiding the occupational dilemmas concerning providing family day care and experiencing their work as meaningful for themselves and their clients. Logic through which participants are making realities accountable has to be taken into account in the forthcoming reorganization of family day care system.
著者
Kosuke Sakai
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.73-84, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

This paper proposes the use of sociological semantic analysis to conduct a historical study of the welfare state. Dating back to the 1990s, theoretical discussions about reconstructing the welfare state have tended to focus on the ideational processes of political decision-making. However, this approach does not consider the state's social structure from a historical perspective. This paper examines the work of Niklas Luhmann, who scrutinized relationships between concepts and social structures, and it evaluates his theory of semantics. Using this analysis, the author shows both that the understanding of the formation of a welfare state in terms of ideals or concepts requires that its semantic character be understood first in its historical context and that Luhmann's self-referential system theory is applicable for this purpose, especially if one focuses on his two central concepts:reflection and the binary code.
著者
Noriko Ishiyama
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.5-16, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

Throughout the history of nuclear development in the United States, the accompanying environmental risks have been invisible to the general public. This is largely because the federal government has isolated each specific process, from the uranium mining to the radioactive waste disposal, inside the National Sacrifice Zone, which was inhabited historically by American-Indian tribes. The spatial construction of the National Sacrifice Zone, which was justified by referring to the notion of national security, has reproduced a state of exception. By looking at the historical geography of uranium mining in the Navajo Nation, this paper articulates the social processes inherent in the exclusion of indigenous land, bodies, and rights from the federal government's legal obligations to protect its own citizens. This structural colonialism over the indigenous nations, intertwined with their geographical marginalization, has formed the core of the reproduction of risks in nuclear development inside the U.S.
著者
Kyoko Tominaga
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as “radical protesters” both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
Itsuro Okamura
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.25-36, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

This paper's two questions are: (1) How the discourse of Oya Minoru, who tried to establish crime victims as subjects of rights for the first time, constituted a way of thinking that connected the rights of crime victims to those of potential crime victims, and (2) how his discourse created a field of discourse around crime victim relief.Oya Minoru's discourse produced a field of discourse, in which, on the one hand, all civilians, as potential crime victims, were to be involved in the problems of crime victims, while, on the other hand, the people who had the right to receive crime victim relief were to be screened on an urgent basis. Finally, this discourse became the starting point for the discourse about crime victim relief and support that followed.
著者
Takahiro Akedo
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.68-79, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

The purpose of this paper is to examine how the so-called “Liberal” position arose concerning the issue of ethnic minorities in 1960s America. Some earlier research has seen “Liberal” as only the opposition to “Conservative”, and explained that the “Liberal” position in America was established in the presidential election of 1964 in which the main issue was civil rights policy. According to such research, as the civil rights movement became radical in the late 1960s, the “Liberal” began to collapse. But in this paper, to grasp the “Liberal” more appropriately, I focus on the relation and difference between “majority” and “minority” inside the “Liberal”, and examine how “Liberals in the majority” responded to claims of minority. From this perspective, I will make it clear the radicalization of civil rights movement was not the beginning of the collapse of the “Liberal” but rather the critical momentum for the establishment of “Liberals in the majority”, as it were a “Liberal Majority”.
著者
Kaoru Sato
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.22-31, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)
被引用数
1 or 0

Despite the late introduction of data archiving in Japan, its development over the last 10 years has finally laid the groundwork for serious secondary analytic work. Survey data collected decades ago is, de facto, historical data, and thus, secondary analysis of these data must be approached from a historical perspective. In treating research data in its necessary historical frame, the following three principle dilemmas arise: 1) changing statistical categories, 2) lack of historical perspective, and 3) a tendency to find one's starting point in contemporary values.
著者
Gen Nogami
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.1-9, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

Until recently a distinction between history and historical sociology made little sense, but now, with the contemporary tendency to prefer the present reality of the past constructed from collective memories or narratives of one's experience over factual accounts verified by historical inspection, there seems to be a more notable distinction between the “sociology of history” and historical sociology.To grasp the situation with respect to sociological methods as whole, this article introduces some presentations from workshops and symposiums organized by The Kanto Sociological Society during the last two years. We argue the interaction between historical materials and the sociological imagination and the reflexivity of historiography and “lived history”.
著者
Yutaka Koyama
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.44-55, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

In the present essay, Jürgen Habermas's early sociological works will be examined in two respects: on the one hand, their stratified relationships to the conceptual constructions of Carl Schmitt and Rüdiger Altmann; on the other, his understanding of historical development in eighteenth-century England. The analysis through these two subjects maintains that the core of his conceptualization of the civil/bourgeois public sphere consists in the articulation between institutionalized political powers (not only government, but also parliament) and private citizens who generally criticize political affairs. In addition, the essay will also argue that his diagnosis of modern society depends especially on his critical attitude of intermediary organizations which attempt to affect political processes without public control in the re-politicized social sphere that emerged after the disappearance of the liberal distinction between the public and private realm.
著者
Cornelia Bohn Takemitsu Morikawa
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.1-17, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)

This paper explores the relationship between the money medium and the analysis of mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion. Such mechanisms currently follow a logic of plural or multiple inclusion as opposed to assimilation. In a full-grown monetary economy, money and property have emerged as regulative structures for the participation in economic practice. Discussing the approach of Luhmann, a distinction is drawn between center, semi-periphery, and periphery of the economic system. While the money medium includes the general population into the periphery of the economy through consumption, this contribution can show that the inclusionary mechanism of the center is creditworthiness. It can be demonstrated that in its historical formation the form of credit is organized in a twofold fashion itself: to make profit and to promote social inclusion. Microcredits are analyzed as a global form of inclusion into the center that does not bear on the distinction poor/wealthy.
著者
Daisuke Tagami
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.123-134, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

The aim of this paper is to consider a contrast between “mechanized ossification” and the “struggle of the gods.” In ‘The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.’ Weber was afraid that Western culture would enter a state of “mechanized ossification.” “Mechanized ossification” is a key concept in Weber's explanation of modern Western stagnation. Based on his concern regarding “mechanized ossification,” I consider Weber's writings and clarify the positive side of the “struggle of the gods,” which many have considered to be Max Weber's pessimistic diagnosis of modern culture.
著者
Takashi Katsuki
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.126-137, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

Today kabuki is considered as highbrow. This paper clarifies how the highbrow image was constructed, and shows that the image was not created by the specialists of kabuki. Since the Meiji era, kabuki had been criticized as vulgar and non-artistic. The highbrow image has been created by non-specialists who are unaware of the modern history of kabuki as a lowbrow culture. Now kabuki's highbrow and artistic image has spread widely being propagated by non-specialists. It is said that ‘popularization of highbrow culture’ has occurred in Japan. Non-specialists who are in the majority in Japan have created the image of kabuki as highbrow culture, but they do not have a habit of seeing kabuki in their daily life. It is important for ‘popularization’ of kabuki that the authorization of kabuki rests on those who are not regular viewers of kabuki.