著者
林原 玲洋
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.141-152, 2010-08-30 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
28

In 1993, the Japan Epilepsy Association criticized Tsutsui Yasutaka's novel “Robot Police” as discriminatory to epileptics, and sought to have it from a textbook published by Kadokawa Publishing. In response to the criticism, he declared a “Writing Strike” and appealed for freedom of expression. This declaration drew public attention, and raised a storm of controversy. The aim of this paper is to explicate the divergence of problem setting in the controversy. First, I will show that the declaration was situated in the context of victim contest. Then, I will demonstrate that the context was prepared through the shift of roles in the early stages of the controversy. Finally, I will present a rhetorical analysis of how the shift of roles occurred in the responsive context of the controversy.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.25-36, 2008-07-20 (Released:2012-02-29)
参考文献数
15

"SPICON" (Spiritual Convention) is one of the most famous events in recent spiritual boom in Japan. In "SPICON" many people including both sponsors and customers enjoy approaching the sacredness through buying things and taking part in sessions which are related to spirituality. Although approaching the sacredness is often accompanied with danger, they seem to devote themselves to "dedication" and yet keep themselves from any trouble and violence. How can they do so? In this paper I intend to verify, by taking "SPICON" as an example, that a new type of safety device for approaching the sacredness is appearing in Japanese society.
著者
富井 久義
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.156-167, 2012-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
11

This paper examines how ASHINAGA movement defines the “Ongaeshi” relationship and how the ASHINAGA scholarship students recognize this focusing on how the actors deal with the concept of gift. ASHINAGA provides scholarships for orphans funded by contributions from private individuals. The students recipients conduct the street-corner fundraising campaigns. The thought of “Ongaeshi” is the key concept of ASHINAGA movement. It calls for a multilayered serial reciprocity among the contributor, the students, and their juniors (other orphans).However, some students conduct campaigns while avoiding defining this as “Ongaeshi” as a means of avoiding the burden associated with a gift. But in any case, since the students are conducting campaigns, the “Ongaeshi” relationship is still realized in the movement.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.146-157, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
20

By concentrating on the process of making something by hand, this paper considers what kind of value handmade “charm-goods” had for girls in Japan's 1980s boom of “fortune-telling & charm.” It has been said that “charm-goods” in the 1980s “magic-religious popular culture” gave girls their own sense of identity with a world-view that was worthy of them, but with “charm-goods” the fact that they were made by hand has been regarded as being important. This second element seems to have demanded from girls a more active commitment to “fortune-telling and charm.” Through analyzing the articles of “My Birthday,” which is well known as a representative “fortune-telling & charm” magazine for girls, I clarify that “charm-goods” and their being made by hand helped girls to get involved in and improve their real-life communication skills.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.119-130, 1999

It is an undeniable fact that Nohonshugi (Japanese Agrarianism) prospered in pre-war Japan. At that time, Nohonshugi was regarded as a symbol of feudal period in Japan, that is, an ideological basis to protect the landed class. It should be noted, however, that Nohonshugi pursued to construct the ideal rural society and thus was critical of the rural society and the landed class at this time. The aim of this paper is to focus on Seikyo Gondo(1868-1937) and Kanji Kato (1884-1967), two well-known theorists of Nohonshugi, and reinterpret their Nohonshugi from the viewpoint of equalizing the rural society. In this way, it becomes clear how their Nohonshugi had an inclination to dissolve the landed class.
著者
富永 京子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
16

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as “radical protesters” both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
富永 京子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as "radical protesters" both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
元森 絵里子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.168-179, 2012
被引用文献数
1

"Karo-Jisatsu" (suicide induced by overwork) has often been connected to criticisms of Japanese society for its self-sacrificing labor culture and merciless economics. This argument merely repeats the legal and critical discourse of "Karo-Jisatsu" and voids the legal fiction of individuals with a responsibility to be critical of society. Moreover, at the level of practice, neither the cancelling of the fiction nor the issue of social criticism has been pursued. Contrary to the previous seemingly "sociological" explanations, our society neither operates strictly nor abandons easily the modern fiction of "intention". The sociology of suicide should illuminate the various aspects of the fiction in our society.
著者
森山 至貴
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.188-199, 2010

Gay identity and gay community are both central topics in gay studies and queer studies. However, the relationship between them remains unquestioned. This paper reveals how the relationship between gay identity and gay community has been shifted from the 90's to the present based on an analysis of discourses on coming-out.<br>Coming-out in the 90's included three important elements: aspiration for making a good relationship, high self-reflexivity and entry into the gay community. However, the latter two elements have disappeared and the meaning of coming-out has shifted. This shift demonstrates that the relationship between gay identity and gay community has become more and more irrelevant and independent.
著者
坂井 晃介
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.73-84, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
35

This paper proposes the use of sociological semantic analysis to conduct a historical study of the welfare state. Dating back to the 1990s, theoretical discussions about reconstructing the welfare state have tended to focus on the ideational processes of political decision-making. However, this approach does not consider the state's social structure from a historical perspective. This paper examines the work of Niklas Luhmann, who scrutinized relationships between concepts and social structures, and it evaluates his theory of semantics. Using this analysis, the author shows both that the understanding of the formation of a welfare state in terms of ideals or concepts requires that its semantic character be understood first in its historical context and that Luhmann's self-referential system theory is applicable for this purpose, especially if one focuses on his two central concepts:reflection and the binary code.
著者
武田 俊輔 舩戸 修一 祐成 保志 加藤 裕治
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.97-108, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
30

This paper elaborates the process of how media representation was formed around “Agricultural Communities” in Japan after the war, taking as its lead the NHK program, “Farm Programs.” Most existing studies have focused only on urban tourists' view of such communities rather than discussing the issue of representation as related to social issues like the declining acreage and depopulation that these communities have been coping with. Besides, these studies did not conduct any further analysis either of this representation or of the program's audience, which leaves untouched the question of how the representation was shaped or what kind of negotiation took place between the program's creators and their rural subjects. The present paper will elaborate on the above issues by focusing on NHK's local correspondents as mediators of communication between NHK's directors and Japan's rural society in order to illustrate new possibilities regarding the link between Regional/Rural Sociology and Media Studies.
著者
坂井 晃介
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.73-84, 2014

This paper proposes the use of sociological semantic analysis to conduct a historical study of the welfare state. Dating back to the 1990s, theoretical discussions about reconstructing the welfare state have tended to focus on the ideational processes of political decision-making. However, this approach does not consider the state's social structure from a historical perspective. This paper examines the work of Niklas Luhmann, who scrutinized relationships between concepts and social structures, and it evaluates his theory of semantics. Using this analysis, the author shows both that the understanding of the formation of a welfare state in terms of ideals or concepts requires that its semantic character be understood first in its historical context and that Luhmann's self-referential system theory is applicable for this purpose, especially if one focuses on his two central concepts:reflection and the binary code.
著者
石山 徳子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.5-16, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
31

Throughout the history of nuclear development in the United States, the accompanying environmental risks have been invisible to the general public. This is largely because the federal government has isolated each specific process, from the uranium mining to the radioactive waste disposal, inside the National Sacrifice Zone, which was inhabited historically by American-Indian tribes. The spatial construction of the National Sacrifice Zone, which was justified by referring to the notion of national security, has reproduced a state of exception. By looking at the historical geography of uranium mining in the Navajo Nation, this paper articulates the social processes inherent in the exclusion of indigenous land, bodies, and rights from the federal government's legal obligations to protect its own citizens. This structural colonialism over the indigenous nations, intertwined with their geographical marginalization, has formed the core of the reproduction of risks in nuclear development inside the U.S.
著者
阪井 裕一郎 本多 真隆 松木 洋人
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.76-87, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)
参考文献数
21

In many developed societies, there is an increase in the number of couples who are cohabiting in unregistered marriages. This trend is often used as an example to indicate changes in consciousness that are part of the transformation of a modern society. Those who have adopted the Japanese term “jijitsukon (unregistered marriage)” to refer to their cohabitation often regard themselves as “married,” yet the question of “why couples in an unregistered marriage choose that option” has received little attention to date. We conclude that the practice of “unregistered marriages” is neither a simple secession from the idea of a conventional “marriage” nor is it restricted to a “traditional” vocabulary. Instead, it should be viewed in terms of a “reinterpretation” of marriage.
著者
権 永詞
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.47-58, 2010-08-30 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
35

This study aims to shed light on the hidden dependence inherent in the process of “reflexive ageing” a style of ageing peculiar to the present society that forces people to be subjective and independent. Even in old age, when people need to depend on others, they want to be independent, only to fail. Through revealing mechanism in which people forget their own dependence, the author explores a new type of the relationship between the self and others.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.25-36, 2008

"SPICON" (Spiritual Convention) is one of the most famous events in recent spiritual boom in Japan. In "SPICON" many people including both sponsors and customers enjoy approaching the sacredness through buying things and taking part in sessions which are related to spirituality. Although approaching the sacredness is often accompanied with danger, they seem to devote themselves to "dedication" and yet keep themselves from any trouble and violence. How can they do so? In this paper I intend to verify, by taking "SPICON" as an example, that a new type of safety device for approaching the sacredness is appearing in Japanese society.
著者
金澤 良太
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.75-86, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
39

To be a creative city is now one of the most popular policy goals for urban governments, although the concept is ambiguous and critics are skeptical about its ability to regenerate urban areas. This paper examines the role that this concept plays in urban governance. First, I explain the political economic process called ‘glocalization’, which has enhanced inter-urban competition since the 1970s. Then I describe how urban politics has been transformed, taking on an entrepreneurial form, and how cultural policy is used to reconstruct an urban image to attract investment and human capital. Although rebuilding a city's image is a contested process, the ambiguity of the term ‘creative city’ as a policy issue is utilized to mobilize various political and cultural actors for urban growth.
著者
坂田 勝彦
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.49-59, 2008

Beginning in the modern era as part of the process of national state formation, the Japanese government adopted an isolation policy for people with Hansen's disease in which sufferers were segregated from the general public and confined to sanatoria. This isolation policy was in effect for a century, ending only recently in 1996.<br>Meanwhile, in post-war Japan, there were some who left the sanatorium. This article examines the experience of Hansen's disease sufferers who left the sanatorium, in order to explore how they constructed plural life-worlds through resisting 'isolation'. 'Return to society' for the sufferers meant that they tried to build several relationships and selves outside the sanatorium.
著者
香月 孝史
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.126-137, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)
参考文献数
19

Today kabuki is considered as highbrow. This paper clarifies how the highbrow image was constructed, and shows that the image was not created by the specialists of kabuki. Since the Meiji era, kabuki had been criticized as vulgar and non-artistic. The highbrow image has been created by non-specialists who are unaware of the modern history of kabuki as a lowbrow culture. Now kabuki's highbrow and artistic image has spread widely being propagated by non-specialists. It is said that ‘popularization of highbrow culture’ has occurred in Japan. Non-specialists who are in the majority in Japan have created the image of kabuki as highbrow culture, but they do not have a habit of seeing kabuki in their daily life. It is important for ‘popularization’ of kabuki that the authorization of kabuki rests on those who are not regular viewers of kabuki.
著者
畠山 洋輔
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.1-12, 2008

The accumulated corpus of studies of trust is based on the assumption that trust makes democratic and economic activities productive and efficient. This article explores the possibilities of a functional approach to trust through a reconsideration of the trust theory of Luhmann. His approach to trust is functional involving a comparison of trust itself with other functional equivalents. However, in the studies based on his trust theory, only his concept of trust is considered, while his approach itself neglected. To empirically describe social problems using his approach, it is necessary not to assume that trust is something good, to compare it with other functional equivalents, and to examine how an individual problem is constructed.