著者
Kaori Takahashi
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.96-107, 2012-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

The purpose of this article is to consideration how artists perceive their creativity in art projects. Creativity or creating new values has been attracting attention through such concepts as “the creative city”, although the sociology of the arts has not taken account of creativity. Art projects in which artists and citizens try to stimulate their communities through art and cultural activities have developed throughout Japan, but artists feel a duality in their art activities. They have an “art-orientation” directed to making their works valuable in aesthetic or artistic terms. At the same time, they have a “relation-orientation” that regards making relationships as important. This duality makes the activities of artists more difficult. Nonetheless, they are trying to achieve a creative balance between these two orientations.
著者
Mizuho Hashisako
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.146-157, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

By concentrating on the process of making something by hand, this paper considers what kind of value handmade “charm-goods” had for girls in Japan's 1980s boom of “fortune-telling & charm.” It has been said that “charm-goods” in the 1980s “magic-religious popular culture” gave girls their own sense of identity with a world-view that was worthy of them, but with “charm-goods” the fact that they were made by hand has been regarded as being important. This second element seems to have demanded from girls a more active commitment to “fortune-telling and charm.” Through analyzing the articles of “My Birthday,” which is well known as a representative “fortune-telling & charm” magazine for girls, I clarify that “charm-goods” and their being made by hand helped girls to get involved in and improve their real-life communication skills.
著者
Keisuke Saito
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.172-183, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)

This paper attempts to describe the history of sociology in postwar Japan based on an objective data source: the membership directory of the Japanese Sociological Association. Attempts to describe the history of sociology in postwar Japan have been made repeatedly. However, many appear to have been based on the personal impressions of established sociologists and are therefore “subjective.” The paper tries to describe this history in a verifiable manner, based on data, and compares its results with those founded on “subjective” descriptions. Our findings are so different from what has been suggested by preceding studies. Then, the fact that the insights from the preceding studies have been verified in an objective and reliable manner is a finding in itself. With further, similar attempts, it should be possible to describe the history of sociology in a more multi-faceted and valid manner.
著者
Yasuaki Dan
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.124-135, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)

Since the outbreak of the Korean War, Sasebo City has received favors because it hosts a U.S. army and navy base. During the war, the number of cyclos that carried officers and soldiers to recreational facilities with prostitutes in Sasebo's red-light district increased. The local government passed ordinances that enabled it to clamp down on these cyclos and “liquidate” them. With these changes in the law and the government's enforcement of the ordinances, the cyclos changed their routes and the urban experience.
著者
Keisuke Saito
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.87-98, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

This paper presents an analysis of a researcher's academic position when getting published in The Annual Review of Sociology and the Japanese Sociological Review during each academic year from 2001 through 2010. The study examines the general situation of young researchers hoping to get published in these academic journals and tries to identify how often their theses are ultimately published. In particular, it focuses on the peer review system in order to understand the strategic thinking that young researchers employ when submitting their theses. By comparing the two journals, this study identifies the problems faced by young researchers and suggests strategies for solving these problems.
著者
森山 至貴
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.188-199, 2010

Gay identity and gay community are both central topics in gay studies and queer studies. However, the relationship between them remains unquestioned. This paper reveals how the relationship between gay identity and gay community has been shifted from the 90's to the present based on an analysis of discourses on coming-out.<br>Coming-out in the 90's included three important elements: aspiration for making a good relationship, high self-reflexivity and entry into the gay community. However, the latter two elements have disappeared and the meaning of coming-out has shifted. This shift demonstrates that the relationship between gay identity and gay community has become more and more irrelevant and independent.
著者
元森 絵里子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.168-179, 2012

"Karo-Jisatsu" (suicide induced by overwork) has often been connected to criticisms of Japanese society for its self-sacrificing labor culture and merciless economics. This argument merely repeats the legal and critical discourse of "Karo-Jisatsu" and voids the legal fiction of individuals with a responsibility to be critical of society. Moreover, at the level of practice, neither the cancelling of the fiction nor the issue of social criticism has been pursued. Contrary to the previous seemingly "sociological" explanations, our society neither operates strictly nor abandons easily the modern fiction of "intention". The sociology of suicide should illuminate the various aspects of the fiction in our society.
著者
Takashi Kashima
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.210-221, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

The purpose of this article is to make the history of relationship between “SENSE” and “YOUTH” clear. For this purpose, this article treats the graphic designer as a profession in Japan in the 1960's as a case. The methodology of this article is historical sociology of the discourse. The analysis is as follows. Firstly, the graphic designer was an adult profession until the 1960's. Secondly, the graphic designer became a young person's profession in the 1960's. Thirdly, at that time, the “SENSE” that had been denied before came to be affirmed. Fourthly, the affirmation of the “SENSE” at that time accompanied the change in the context of communications. Fifthly, it is a change from evaluation based on understanding to evaluation based on interest.
著者
富永 京子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as "radical protesters" both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
Miki NISHIKURA
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.37-48, 2008-07-20 (Released:2012-02-29)

The purpose of this paper is to sociologically examine the difficulties associated with disfigurement and the strategies for coping with this by using the life-stories of women with such facial disfigurement. The first part of this research is based on life-story interviews and examines the "lived time" of individual respondents. In contrast to Goffman who adopted a synchronic approach that focused on the fixed scene of social interaction and described how stigmatized people survive their situation, I examined the total lives of women with facial disfigurement diachronically. I found that women did not think camouflage makeup was always all-purpose. Camouflage makeup brings out both good and bad points, something that those who provide makeup service should consider in supporting those with facial disfigurement.
著者
坂井 晃介
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.73-84, 2014

This paper proposes the use of sociological semantic analysis to conduct a historical study of the welfare state. Dating back to the 1990s, theoretical discussions about reconstructing the welfare state have tended to focus on the ideational processes of political decision-making. However, this approach does not consider the state's social structure from a historical perspective. This paper examines the work of Niklas Luhmann, who scrutinized relationships between concepts and social structures, and it evaluates his theory of semantics. Using this analysis, the author shows both that the understanding of the formation of a welfare state in terms of ideals or concepts requires that its semantic character be understood first in its historical context and that Luhmann's self-referential system theory is applicable for this purpose, especially if one focuses on his two central concepts:reflection and the binary code.
著者
Eriko Motomori
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.174-185, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

This paper analyzes the socialization theory and the repeated criticisms of it. Critics partly believe that the childhood socialization is related to better relations between individuals and society (i.e. the “Hobbesian Problem”), and partly doubt the peculiarity of childhood relationships. Luhmann converted the theory by his original interpretation of socialization, and the concept of “the child as a medium of the education”. However, he still remains inside our sociological imagination concerning individual and society. We should rethink why we have tried to question the relation between individual and society, and, on the one hand, analyze “childhood” as a discourse.
著者
Hiroto Matsuki
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.162-173, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)

This paper explores how the experience and the practice of providing family day care are organized by analyzing the narrative of family day care providers. Their work is made accountable through the logic of domesticity and the logic of professionalism. Although professionalism is often referred to in opposition to domesticity, redefining their own professionalism in terms of the artfulness of realizing the logic of domesticity is useful for avoiding the occupational dilemmas concerning providing family day care and experiencing their work as meaningful for themselves and their clients. Logic through which participants are making realities accountable has to be taken into account in the forthcoming reorganization of family day care system.
著者
Kosuke Sakai
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.73-84, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

This paper proposes the use of sociological semantic analysis to conduct a historical study of the welfare state. Dating back to the 1990s, theoretical discussions about reconstructing the welfare state have tended to focus on the ideational processes of political decision-making. However, this approach does not consider the state's social structure from a historical perspective. This paper examines the work of Niklas Luhmann, who scrutinized relationships between concepts and social structures, and it evaluates his theory of semantics. Using this analysis, the author shows both that the understanding of the formation of a welfare state in terms of ideals or concepts requires that its semantic character be understood first in its historical context and that Luhmann's self-referential system theory is applicable for this purpose, especially if one focuses on his two central concepts:reflection and the binary code.
著者
高野 麻子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.120-131, 2012

Fingerprinting was the first technology capable of accurately identifying individuals. In the Japanese puppet state of Manchuria, fingerprinting was implemented on a large scale. Why was fingerprinting considered so necessary in Manchuria despite the huge effort required? In addressing this question, this paper focuses on the complicated mobilities of workers in Manchuria. The Manchurian government faced a situation of highly complicated mobilities and thus it needed a means of the control of mobilities. Further, the fingerprinting registration of workers gradually developed into a national registration system, so this paper examines the process of the implementation of fingerprinting registration and the formation of a national citizenry in Manchuria based on the control of mobilities.
著者
Noriko Ishiyama
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.5-16, 2013-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)

Throughout the history of nuclear development in the United States, the accompanying environmental risks have been invisible to the general public. This is largely because the federal government has isolated each specific process, from the uranium mining to the radioactive waste disposal, inside the National Sacrifice Zone, which was inhabited historically by American-Indian tribes. The spatial construction of the National Sacrifice Zone, which was justified by referring to the notion of national security, has reproduced a state of exception. By looking at the historical geography of uranium mining in the Navajo Nation, this paper articulates the social processes inherent in the exclusion of indigenous land, bodies, and rights from the federal government's legal obligations to protect its own citizens. This structural colonialism over the indigenous nations, intertwined with their geographical marginalization, has formed the core of the reproduction of risks in nuclear development inside the U.S.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.119-130, 1999

It is an undeniable fact that Nohonshugi (Japanese Agrarianism) prospered in pre-war Japan. At that time, Nohonshugi was regarded as a symbol of feudal period in Japan, that is, an ideological basis to protect the landed class. It should be noted, however, that Nohonshugi pursued to construct the ideal rural society and thus was critical of the rural society and the landed class at this time. The aim of this paper is to focus on Seikyo Gondo(1868-1937) and Kanji Kato (1884-1967), two well-known theorists of Nohonshugi, and reinterpret their Nohonshugi from the viewpoint of equalizing the rural society. In this way, it becomes clear how their Nohonshugi had an inclination to dissolve the landed class.
著者
葛山 泰央
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.188-198, 1999

"Autobiographical acts" not only describe or narrate a particular individual's life but also embody the norms and values acceptable to their (imagined) readers' community. Considering their own sociability, they have to be understood, not as a retreat or withdrawal from the public sphere into privacy or secrecy, but as a prefigured invention of social relationships (i.e., bourgeois public sphere) which supposes dynamism rather than opposition between public and private life. This paper aims to examine the historical interplay between autobiographical acts and their sociability, through various forms of self-narratives (confessions, exemplary autobiographies, novels of development, intimate journals, epistolary writings, etc.) in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century France, through figures or representations of adolescence, as well as through double trust in the veracity of language and the authenticity of self under which conditions they invent intimacy.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.146-157, 2014

By concentrating on the process of making something by hand, this paper considers what kind of value handmade "charm-goods" had for girls in Japan's 1980s boom of "fortune-telling & charm." It has been said that "charm-goods" in the 1980s "magic-religious popular culture" gave girls their own sense of identity with a world-view that was worthy of them, but with "charm-goods" the fact that they were made by hand has been regarded as being important. This second element seems to have demanded from girls a more active commitment to "fortune-telling and charm." Through analyzing the articles of "My Birthday," which is well known as a representative "fortune-telling & charm" magazine for girls, I clarify that "charm-goods" and their being made by hand helped girls to get involved in and improve their real-life communication skills.
著者
Kyoko Tominaga
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
The Annual Review of Sociology (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as “radical protesters” both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.