著者
森山 至貴
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.188-199, 2010

Gay identity and gay community are both central topics in gay studies and queer studies. However, the relationship between them remains unquestioned. This paper reveals how the relationship between gay identity and gay community has been shifted from the 90's to the present based on an analysis of discourses on coming-out.<br>Coming-out in the 90's included three important elements: aspiration for making a good relationship, high self-reflexivity and entry into the gay community. However, the latter two elements have disappeared and the meaning of coming-out has shifted. This shift demonstrates that the relationship between gay identity and gay community has become more and more irrelevant and independent.
著者
元森 絵里子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.168-179, 2012

"Karo-Jisatsu" (suicide induced by overwork) has often been connected to criticisms of Japanese society for its self-sacrificing labor culture and merciless economics. This argument merely repeats the legal and critical discourse of "Karo-Jisatsu" and voids the legal fiction of individuals with a responsibility to be critical of society. Moreover, at the level of practice, neither the cancelling of the fiction nor the issue of social criticism has been pursued. Contrary to the previous seemingly "sociological" explanations, our society neither operates strictly nor abandons easily the modern fiction of "intention". The sociology of suicide should illuminate the various aspects of the fiction in our society.
著者
富永 京子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as "radical protesters" both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
坂井 晃介
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.73-84, 2014

This paper proposes the use of sociological semantic analysis to conduct a historical study of the welfare state. Dating back to the 1990s, theoretical discussions about reconstructing the welfare state have tended to focus on the ideational processes of political decision-making. However, this approach does not consider the state's social structure from a historical perspective. This paper examines the work of Niklas Luhmann, who scrutinized relationships between concepts and social structures, and it evaluates his theory of semantics. Using this analysis, the author shows both that the understanding of the formation of a welfare state in terms of ideals or concepts requires that its semantic character be understood first in its historical context and that Luhmann's self-referential system theory is applicable for this purpose, especially if one focuses on his two central concepts:reflection and the binary code.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.119-130, 1999

It is an undeniable fact that Nohonshugi (Japanese Agrarianism) prospered in pre-war Japan. At that time, Nohonshugi was regarded as a symbol of feudal period in Japan, that is, an ideological basis to protect the landed class. It should be noted, however, that Nohonshugi pursued to construct the ideal rural society and thus was critical of the rural society and the landed class at this time. The aim of this paper is to focus on Seikyo Gondo(1868-1937) and Kanji Kato (1884-1967), two well-known theorists of Nohonshugi, and reinterpret their Nohonshugi from the viewpoint of equalizing the rural society. In this way, it becomes clear how their Nohonshugi had an inclination to dissolve the landed class.
著者
高野 麻子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.120-131, 2012

Fingerprinting was the first technology capable of accurately identifying individuals. In the Japanese puppet state of Manchuria, fingerprinting was implemented on a large scale. Why was fingerprinting considered so necessary in Manchuria despite the huge effort required? In addressing this question, this paper focuses on the complicated mobilities of workers in Manchuria. The Manchurian government faced a situation of highly complicated mobilities and thus it needed a means of the control of mobilities. Further, the fingerprinting registration of workers gradually developed into a national registration system, so this paper examines the process of the implementation of fingerprinting registration and the formation of a national citizenry in Manchuria based on the control of mobilities.
著者
榊原 賢二郎
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.84-95, 2012

"Dumping" is lack of appropriate support necessary due to disabilities in a seemingly inclusive setting. This paper examines the possibility of inclusion without dumping. First, it is pointed out that body conditions and needs for support arising from them have been absent from the general argument for inclusion. Next, Luhmann's and Hoshika's view of body conditions are examined. For them, inclusion is achieved by disregarding the body. This, however, can paradoxically lead to strong influence of the body as is illustrated with Americans with Disabilities Act. In this context an equally paradoxical solution is possible: regarding the body to help people disregard the body. This paper concludes that suitable forms of this are crucial to inclusion without dumping.
著者
葛山 泰央
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.188-198, 1999

"Autobiographical acts" not only describe or narrate a particular individual's life but also embody the norms and values acceptable to their (imagined) readers' community. Considering their own sociability, they have to be understood, not as a retreat or withdrawal from the public sphere into privacy or secrecy, but as a prefigured invention of social relationships (i.e., bourgeois public sphere) which supposes dynamism rather than opposition between public and private life. This paper aims to examine the historical interplay between autobiographical acts and their sociability, through various forms of self-narratives (confessions, exemplary autobiographies, novels of development, intimate journals, epistolary writings, etc.) in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century France, through figures or representations of adolescence, as well as through double trust in the veracity of language and the authenticity of self under which conditions they invent intimacy.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.146-157, 2014

By concentrating on the process of making something by hand, this paper considers what kind of value handmade "charm-goods" had for girls in Japan's 1980s boom of "fortune-telling & charm." It has been said that "charm-goods" in the 1980s "magic-religious popular culture" gave girls their own sense of identity with a world-view that was worthy of them, but with "charm-goods" the fact that they were made by hand has been regarded as being important. This second element seems to have demanded from girls a more active commitment to "fortune-telling and charm." Through analyzing the articles of "My Birthday," which is well known as a representative "fortune-telling & charm" magazine for girls, I clarify that "charm-goods" and their being made by hand helped girls to get involved in and improve their real-life communication skills.
著者
畠山 洋輔
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.1-12, 2008

The accumulated corpus of studies of trust is based on the assumption that trust makes democratic and economic activities productive and efficient. This article explores the possibilities of a functional approach to trust through a reconsideration of the trust theory of Luhmann. His approach to trust is functional involving a comparison of trust itself with other functional equivalents. However, in the studies based on his trust theory, only his concept of trust is considered, while his approach itself neglected. To empirically describe social problems using his approach, it is necessary not to assume that trust is something good, to compare it with other functional equivalents, and to examine how an individual problem is constructed.
著者
林原 玲洋
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.141-152, 2010

In 1993, the Japan Epilepsy Association criticized Tsutsui Yasutaka's novel "Robot Police" as discriminatory to epileptics, and sought to have it from a textbook published by Kadokawa Publishing. In response to the criticism, he declared a "Writing Strike" and appealed for freedom of expression. This declaration drew public attention, and raised a storm of controversy. The aim of this paper is to explicate the divergence of problem setting in the controversy. First, I will show that the declaration was situated in the context of victim contest. Then, I will demonstrate that the context was prepared through the shift of roles in the early stages of the controversy. Finally, I will present a rhetorical analysis of how the shift of roles occurred in the responsive context of the controversy.
著者
片岡 栄美
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2002, no.15, pp.30-43, 2002

Why is that many sociologists say that the theory of cultural reproduction coined by Bourdieu has no applicability to Japan? I have shown that there is a structural mechanism that conceals cultural reproduction in Japanese society. Most high status men become cultural omnivores who are familiar with both popular culture and high culture, but overall men are not major consumers of high culture. Because the public field is occupied mainly by men, their patterns of cultural consumption are taken to stand for the Japanese pattern as a whole and thus Japanese culture is seen as popular and equalitarian. High culture and its reproduction receives little attention because it is largely concealed in private domains dominated by women.
著者
野上 元
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.1-9, 2009

Until recently a distinction between history and historical sociology made little sense, but now, with the contemporary tendency to prefer the present reality of the past constructed from collective memories or narratives of one's experience over factual accounts verified by historical inspection, there seems to be a more notable distinction between the "sociology of history" and historical sociology.<br>To grasp the situation with respect to sociological methods as whole, this article introduces some presentations from workshops and symposiums organized by The Kanto Sociological Society during the last two years. We argue the interaction between historical materials and the sociological imagination and the reflexivity of historiography and "lived history".
著者
石井 和平
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1991, no.4, pp.35-44, 1991

This paper is intend to survey the relation between sociology and communications and to present may own opinion about communication theory. First I'll describe some communication theories focussed on conveyance of meanings. Next I'll claim that sociology needs generative process of meanings. Finally I try to link "agents" with "structure" using the concepts of linguistic terms. It is important for sociologists to pay attention to communication theories because they become cover main fields of sociology more than before.
著者
赤江 達也
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.28-38, 2013

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the terms and conditions for the formation of the order of national rituals in pre-war Japan, in particular, Shinto shrine rituals. First, the study outlines the Ministry of Home Affairs' process, as part of its administration of Shinto shrines, of designating shrines as places for national rituals. Next, the Ministry of Home Affairs' Bureau of Shrines' unification of the "Procedures for Shrine Ritual Observance" and the government and the public's formation of the genre of shrine ritual procedural manuals are described. Books detailing "Procedures for Shrine Ritual Observance" were used as manuals for training sessions and ritual instructional sessions for members of the clergy. These resulted in the standardization of the evaluation of the participants in these rituals. Finally, this paper shows how, after the 1930s, under these terms and conditions, "indiscretions" in shrine rituals became increasingly problematic.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.25-36, 2008

"SPICON" (Spiritual Convention) is one of the most famous events in recent spiritual boom in Japan. In "SPICON" many people including both sponsors and customers enjoy approaching the sacredness through buying things and taking part in sessions which are related to spirituality. Although approaching the sacredness is often accompanied with danger, they seem to devote themselves to "dedication" and yet keep themselves from any trouble and violence. How can they do so? In this paper I intend to verify, by taking "SPICON" as an example, that a new type of safety device for approaching the sacredness is appearing in Japanese society.
著者
石川 千穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.13-24, 2014

Symbolically expressed by the concept of flat culture, it has been a long time since the distinction between high culture/popular culture and the definition of youth culture or the youth themselves became blurred. This paper traces the process of identity formation of rock culture and "the youth" as rock listeners in Japan by clarifying the transition in narratives tracing a distinction between the inner and the outer in each Japanese rock magazine. By so doing, the paper demonstrates that the difficulty counter cultures face today is mainly derived from the difficulty in imagining the mass of the population as a unified community.
著者
松井 理恵
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.119-130, 2008

The purpose of this paper is to clarify the logic behind the historic preservation movements in Daegu, Korea. There are many Japanese houses in Daegu that were built in the era of Japanese occupation. This paper describes the logic behind a NGO in Daegu, Korea (CSES: Citizen's Solidarity for Ecological Street) that seeks to preserve these houses. The CSES has organized citizen's fieldwork to uncover "lived urban histories" in Daegu. They have found many Japanese houses. CSES has placed them in context not as part of the Colonial legacy but as part of historic resources. This study takes the historic preservation movement in the context of community formation. The finding is as follows. CSES contextualizes "histories" of the community into life experiences of local residents for community formation.
著者
小宮 友根
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2005, no.18, pp.241-251, 2005

The relationship between descriptions which sociology makes and the value judgment of the sociologist in making such descriptions has long been recognized as a serious problem for sociology. Sociologists traditionally have struggled to exclude this judgment from description, or more recently, insist that such judgment should be included in description. In this paper, I suggest that such a dichotomy based on inclusion versus exclusion is predicated on the on the systematic neglect of at least one sort of social phenomenon which sociology can/should describe in its own right.
著者
竹田 恵子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2011, no.24, pp.121-132, 2011

Teiji Furuhashi revealed his HIV-positive status to his friends by "the letter" in October, 1992. This revelation started grass-roots movement in Kyoto, Japan. This paper investigates why though he let only about 20 friends know his HIV-positive status the letter sparked movements such as those associated with multiple identities that were not limited to the HIV/AIDS. In what way is the rhetoric of of Furuhashi's counter claim making unique? This paper suggests that Furuhashi's counter claiming had such an impact because it used a motif that problematized not only HIV/AIDS or male homosexuality and a rhetoric based on comradeship.<br>Furthermore, rather than identifying himself as a gay male homosexual, he identified himself as an artist. Therefore, this allowed movement participants to conflate intimate internal personal relationships and make rhetorical links among various sexual/gender identities.