著者
片岡 栄美
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2002, no.15, pp.30-43, 2002-06-01 (Released:2010-04-21)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
1

Why is that many sociologists say that the theory of cultural reproduction coined by Bourdieu has no applicability to Japan? I have shown that there is a structural mechanism that conceals cultural reproduction in Japanese society. Most high status men become cultural omnivores who are familiar with both popular culture and high culture, but overall men are not major consumers of high culture. Because the public field is occupied mainly by men, their patterns of cultural consumption are taken to stand for the Japanese pattern as a whole and thus Japanese culture is seen as popular and equalitarian. High culture and its reproduction receives little attention because it is largely concealed in private domains dominated by women.
著者
林原 玲洋
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.141-152, 2010-08-30 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
28

In 1993, the Japan Epilepsy Association criticized Tsutsui Yasutaka's novel “Robot Police” as discriminatory to epileptics, and sought to have it from a textbook published by Kadokawa Publishing. In response to the criticism, he declared a “Writing Strike” and appealed for freedom of expression. This declaration drew public attention, and raised a storm of controversy. The aim of this paper is to explicate the divergence of problem setting in the controversy. First, I will show that the declaration was situated in the context of victim contest. Then, I will demonstrate that the context was prepared through the shift of roles in the early stages of the controversy. Finally, I will present a rhetorical analysis of how the shift of roles occurred in the responsive context of the controversy.
著者
髙橋 かおり
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.96-107, 2012-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this article is to consideration how artists perceive their creativity in art projects. Creativity or creating new values has been attracting attention through such concepts as “the creative city”, although the sociology of the arts has not taken account of creativity. Art projects in which artists and citizens try to stimulate their communities through art and cultural activities have developed throughout Japan, but artists feel a duality in their art activities. They have an “art-orientation” directed to making their works valuable in aesthetic or artistic terms. At the same time, they have a “relation-orientation” that regards making relationships as important. This duality makes the activities of artists more difficult. Nonetheless, they are trying to achieve a creative balance between these two orientations.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.25-36, 2008-07-20 (Released:2012-02-29)
参考文献数
15

"SPICON" (Spiritual Convention) is one of the most famous events in recent spiritual boom in Japan. In "SPICON" many people including both sponsors and customers enjoy approaching the sacredness through buying things and taking part in sessions which are related to spirituality. Although approaching the sacredness is often accompanied with danger, they seem to devote themselves to "dedication" and yet keep themselves from any trouble and violence. How can they do so? In this paper I intend to verify, by taking "SPICON" as an example, that a new type of safety device for approaching the sacredness is appearing in Japanese society.
著者
富井 久義
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2012, no.25, pp.156-167, 2012-09-10 (Released:2015-06-12)
参考文献数
11

This paper examines how ASHINAGA movement defines the “Ongaeshi” relationship and how the ASHINAGA scholarship students recognize this focusing on how the actors deal with the concept of gift. ASHINAGA provides scholarships for orphans funded by contributions from private individuals. The students recipients conduct the street-corner fundraising campaigns. The thought of “Ongaeshi” is the key concept of ASHINAGA movement. It calls for a multilayered serial reciprocity among the contributor, the students, and their juniors (other orphans).However, some students conduct campaigns while avoiding defining this as “Ongaeshi” as a means of avoiding the burden associated with a gift. But in any case, since the students are conducting campaigns, the “Ongaeshi” relationship is still realized in the movement.
著者
武田 俊輔 舩戸 修一 祐成 保志 加藤 裕治
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.97-108, 2014

This paper elaborates the process of how media representation was formed around “Agricultural Communities” in Japan after the war, taking as its lead the NHK program, “Farm Programs.” Most existing studies have focused only on urban tourists' view of such communities rather than discussing the issue of representation as related to social issues like the declining acreage and depopulation that these communities have been coping with. Besides, these studies did not conduct any further analysis either of this representation or of the program's audience, which leaves untouched the question of how the representation was shaped or what kind of negotiation took place between the program's creators and their rural subjects. The present paper will elaborate on the above issues by focusing on NHK's local correspondents as mediators of communication between NHK's directors and Japan's rural society in order to illustrate new possibilities regarding the link between Regional/Rural Sociology and Media Studies.
著者
赤江 達也
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2013, no.26, pp.28-38, 2013

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the terms and conditions for the formation of the order of national rituals in pre-war Japan, in particular, Shinto shrine rituals. First, the study outlines the Ministry of Home Affairs' process, as part of its administration of Shinto shrines, of designating shrines as places for national rituals. Next, the Ministry of Home Affairs' Bureau of Shrines' unification of the “Procedures for Shrine Ritual Observance” and the government and the public's formation of the genre of shrine ritual procedural manuals are described. Books detailing “Procedures for Shrine Ritual Observance” were used as manuals for training sessions and ritual instructional sessions for members of the clergy. These resulted in the standardization of the evaluation of the participants in these rituals. Finally, this paper shows how, after the 1930s, under these terms and conditions, “indiscretions” in shrine rituals became increasingly problematic.
著者
橋迫 瑞穂
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.146-157, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
20

By concentrating on the process of making something by hand, this paper considers what kind of value handmade “charm-goods” had for girls in Japan's 1980s boom of “fortune-telling & charm.” It has been said that “charm-goods” in the 1980s “magic-religious popular culture” gave girls their own sense of identity with a world-view that was worthy of them, but with “charm-goods” the fact that they were made by hand has been regarded as being important. This second element seems to have demanded from girls a more active commitment to “fortune-telling and charm.” Through analyzing the articles of “My Birthday,” which is well known as a representative “fortune-telling & charm” magazine for girls, I clarify that “charm-goods” and their being made by hand helped girls to get involved in and improve their real-life communication skills.
著者
舩戸 修一
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1999, no.12, pp.119-130, 1999

It is an undeniable fact that Nohonshugi (Japanese Agrarianism) prospered in pre-war Japan. At that time, Nohonshugi was regarded as a symbol of feudal period in Japan, that is, an ideological basis to protect the landed class. It should be noted, however, that Nohonshugi pursued to construct the ideal rural society and thus was critical of the rural society and the landed class at this time. The aim of this paper is to focus on Seikyo Gondo(1868-1937) and Kanji Kato (1884-1967), two well-known theorists of Nohonshugi, and reinterpret their Nohonshugi from the viewpoint of equalizing the rural society. In this way, it becomes clear how their Nohonshugi had an inclination to dissolve the landed class.
著者
永田 大輔
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2017, no.30, pp.134-145, 2017-07-31 (Released:2018-09-01)
参考文献数
33

This paper discusses the history of the discussion in Japan about otaku. We discuss how, early on, it was recognized that the critique around the phenomenon of otaku faced difficulties as otaku were regarded negatively in Japanese society. In order to depart from this negative critique, while the tojisha approach (first-person studies) emerged, other viewpoints were restricted. Sociologists were enlisted to help overcome this problem, but there then arose an internal debate within sociology, specifically. Sociology's participation in the critique was criticized internally. We discuss the ensuing relationship between sociology and the social critique around the phenomenon of otaku.
著者
團 康晃
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2017, no.30, pp.75-86, 2017-07-31 (Released:2018-09-01)
参考文献数
17

This paper analyzes how the meaning associated with the word “shikohin” evolved and was extended in the Meiji era. “Shikohin” was originally introduced as a word for knowledge of German hygiene in a textbook translated by Goto Shinpei, who worked for the Board of Health. Soon after, in a fast-changing environment of consumption, “shikohin” was used in the public relations magazine ‘Shiko’, where it connoted not only a knowledge of hygiene but also knowledge relevant to taste.
著者
富永 京子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014-09-10 (Released:2015-09-01)
参考文献数
16

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as “radical protesters” both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
佐藤 俊樹
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2002, no.15, pp.58-68, 2002-06-01 (Released:2010-04-21)
参考文献数
24

Contemporary sociology is often said to be built on multiple paradigms, but there is little substance behind this assertion. New theories or methods such as Foucault's concept of power, discourse analysis, and social constructionism, are not destruction, not even reconstruction, but merely reproduction of traditional sociology. Although they reject concepts such as “subject” or “society”, through their rejection they reintroduce equivalent concepts. If we will really wish to go beyond traditional sociology, we must abandon all terms that attempt an overview of society as a whole and discard almost all attempts to explain social phenomenon. Only a small set of basic concepts, like “addressing and addressed” (J. Butler), and a few regulative concepts based on them, like “response” and “action”, can help us.
著者
齋藤 圭介
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2015, no.28, pp.172-183, 2015-08-07 (Released:2016-10-12)
参考文献数
22

This paper attempts to describe the history of sociology in postwar Japan based on an objective data source: the membership directory of the Japanese Sociological Association. Attempts to describe the history of sociology in postwar Japan have been made repeatedly. However, many appear to have been based on the personal impressions of established sociologists and are therefore “subjective.” The paper tries to describe this history in a verifiable manner, based on data, and compares its results with those founded on “subjective” descriptions. Our findings are so different from what has been suggested by preceding studies. Then, the fact that the insights from the preceding studies have been verified in an objective and reliable manner is a finding in itself. With further, similar attempts, it should be possible to describe the history of sociology in a more multi-faceted and valid manner.
著者
富永 京子
出版者
The Kantoh Sociological Society
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.27, pp.122-133, 2014

The theory of social movements has studied political protests with regard to their occurrence, duration, development and participants. Previous research has clarified that diverse factors are involved in all of these elements. Although policing, arrests and interrogations are also essential elements, few researchers have examined them as they occur in contemporary Japan. In this paper, the author conducted a case study based on interviews with arrested activists and their colleagues. From the analysis, the author clarified that arrested protesters are labeled as "radical protesters" both by the police and by people they know in their private lives. On the other hand, policing plays a role in an initiation that makes these protesters more committed to social movements. An arrested activist is recognized as a hero by some protesters. In this way, social movements can develop their sense of solidarity. However, other organizations often regard those arrested as deviant fellow-participants.
著者
山口 理恵子
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2005, no.18, pp.77-88, 2005-08-05 (Released:2010-04-21)
参考文献数
25

This paper explores the structure of sport culture using the concept of the “constructive outside” as proposed by Judith Butler. Issues of “sexual commodification” by female athletes, such as nude representations, have been on the rise since around 2000. Although most scholars explain this as resulting from a lack of funds for women's sport, explanation is based on the notion that a “woman” is a consistent entity. In addition, such perspective may ignore the power of sporting norms that implicitly universalize “masculinity” in sport. In this paper, I am concerned with the relation between the issues of the “sexual commodification” of female athletes and the function of the “constructive outside” that always surrounds sporting norms.
著者
元森 絵里子
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2009, no.22, pp.174-185, 2009-07-25 (Released:2013-03-28)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1

This paper analyzes the socialization theory and the repeated criticisms of it. Critics partly believe that the childhood socialization is related to better relations between individuals and society (i.e. the “Hobbesian Problem”), and partly doubt the peculiarity of childhood relationships. Luhmann converted the theory by his original interpretation of socialization, and the concept of “the child as a medium of the education”. However, he still remains inside our sociological imagination concerning individual and society. We should rethink why we have tried to question the relation between individual and society, and, on the one hand, analyze “childhood” as a discourse.
著者
西倉 実季
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2008, no.21, pp.37-48, 2008-07-20 (Released:2012-02-29)
参考文献数
21

The purpose of this paper is to sociologically examine the difficulties associated with disfigurement and the strategies for coping with this by using the life-stories of women with such facial disfigurement. The first part of this research is based on life-story interviews and examines the "lived time" of individual respondents. In contrast to Goffman who adopted a synchronic approach that focused on the fixed scene of social interaction and described how stigmatized people survive their situation, I examined the total lives of women with facial disfigurement diachronically. I found that women did not think camouflage makeup was always all-purpose. Camouflage makeup brings out both good and bad points, something that those who provide makeup service should consider in supporting those with facial disfigurement.
著者
森山 至貴
出版者
関東社会学会
雑誌
年報社会学論集 (ISSN:09194363)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2010, no.23, pp.188-199, 2010

Gay identity and gay community are both central topics in gay studies and queer studies. However, the relationship between them remains unquestioned. This paper reveals how the relationship between gay identity and gay community has been shifted from the 90's to the present based on an analysis of discourses on coming-out.<br>Coming-out in the 90's included three important elements: aspiration for making a good relationship, high self-reflexivity and entry into the gay community. However, the latter two elements have disappeared and the meaning of coming-out has shifted. This shift demonstrates that the relationship between gay identity and gay community has become more and more irrelevant and independent.