- 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 (ISSN:09174494)
- vol.9, no.2, pp.91-104, 1999-02-26
1987年4月から1995年4月の9年間に衛生技術学科へ入学した361名を対象に,高校評点,入学試験(学力試験)成績と,入学後の学業成績,退学,留年,臨床検査技師国家試験との関係を調べた。 1)入学者総数は361名で,このうち留年者が39名(10,8%),退学者が18名(5%)であった。退学者の中には,実質入学辞退者が6名,4年制大学へ進路を変更した者が4名いたが,こうした退学者は1992年度までの入学者に多かった。 2)入学者全体では,予定卒業者,留年者,退学者の間で高校評点,入学試験成績には差がなかったが,入学年度ごとにみると,1987,1988年度は留年者が予定卒業者に比べて入学試験の総得点が高い傾向があり,逆に1991年,1993年度は予定卒業者に比べて有意に低かった。 3)高校評点は,データが入手できた1991年度以降一貫して留年者の評点が予定卒業者より低く, とくに1991年,1993年度は留年者の評点が有意に低かった。 4)留年者も含めて,一般教育科目の成績と専門科目の成績との間に有意を正の相関がみられた。 5)高校評点と入学試験成績との間には軽度の相関しかみられなかったが,高校評点および入学試験総合点は入学後の一般教育科目,専門科目の成績と高い正の相関を示した。 6)しかし,個々の入学試験科目の得点は,入学後の成績と相関しないか,軽度の相関しかみられなかった。 7)国家試験不合格者は,高校評点,入学試験総合点,一般科目平均点,専門科目平均点のいずれも合格者に比べて得点が低かったが,有意差はなかった。以上の結果から,短期大学部開設当初は留年者,退学者の中に予定卒業者より学力のある学生がいたが,年を追うごとに入学者の学力が均質化し,学力が不十分なために留年する学生が多くなってきていると言える。一般教育科目の成績と専門科目の成績が強い正の相関を示すことは,1年次の成績がそのまま2,3年次の成績に反映されることを示しており,入学当初の動機付けと勉学意欲の喚起が重要なことを示している。高校評点や学力試験の成績は入学後の成績とよく相関しており,学生選抜の有効な指標であると考えられたが,各入試科目との相関は乏しかったことから,個々の試験科目の問題内容については改善すべき課題があると思われた。The correlation between the school record in high school, result of entrance examination and the academic record, failure in promotion and withdrawal from school was examined in 361 students entered into department of laboratory technology from 1987 to 1995. 1) Thirty-nine students (10.8%) had failed in promotion, and 18 students (5%) had leaved from the school. The reason of withdrawal was refusal in 6 cases, and 4 students had changed their course to other universities. These cases were more frequent in the period until 1990 than in the period after 1991. 2) There were no differences in the school record in high school and the result of entrance examination among students who graduated scheduled period of attendance (regular students), those who failed in promotion, and those who had leaved the school. However, the students whofailed in promotion had got higher score in entrance examination than regular students in 1987 and 1988. In contrast, regular students had got higher score in entrance examination than the students failed in promotion in 1991 and 1993. 3) The school record in high school could be cheked during the period from 1991 to1995. In thisperiod, the students failed in promotion had got lower score in high school than regular students. Especially, the difference was significant in 1991 and 1993. 4) There was a significant positive correlation between the results in examination of general subjects and those in examination of technical and proffesional education. 5) The school records in high school had relatively weak positive correlation with the results of entrance examination. In contrast, both the school record in high school and result of entrance examination had clear positve correlations with both the results in examination of general subjects and technical and proffesional education. 6) However, the result of each subject of entrance examination, i.e. Japanese, Mathematics, English,and Science, had no or weak positive correlation with both the results in examination of general subjects and technical and proffesional education. 7) The students who had not passed the national examination of laboratory technologist had lower score in school record in high school, entrance examination, examination of general subjects and technical and proffesional education, but the diffenreces were not statistically significant. The results of the study indicate that there were students who failed in promotion or leaved school despite their excellent ability during four years following the establishment of School of Health Sciences, but thereafter the ability of students gradually became homogeneous and increased the students who failed in promotion because of insufficient ability. The highly positive correlationbetween the results in examination of general subjects and those in examination of technical and proffesional education indicate that the results of examination in the first year were directly reflected in the results of examination in second and third year, and that it is important to encourage the students's motivation and volition to study with ardor immediately after the entrance. The positive correlation of school record in high school and result of entrance examination with academic record after the entrance implicate the potential usefulness of school record in high school and result of entrance examination in determining the eligibility to enter the school. However, it is desirable to improve the subjects and problems of entrance examination because the result of each subject of entrance examination was poorly reflected in the academic record.