著者
村井 義洋 野村 正人
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部研究報告 = Research reports of the Faculty of Engineering, Kindai University (ISSN:2434592X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.52, pp.57-62, 2018-12-21

[Abstract]Heart Sutra was translated Xuanzang the wisdom scriptures original form has been documented in the establishment and Sanskrit characters in the year 150 BC, "Great Perfection of Wisdom Sutra" summarizes further shortened what was summarized in about 600 volumes, many of the statement was only fitting the Sanskrit original language in Chinese characters. Further, the "Kan jizai bosatsu" at the beginning is that of Kannon Bodhisattva, is a bodhisattva that reach out of relief watching the voice of those who are in suffering.In this paper, is regarded as one musical piece of the Heart Sutra, causing the notation, I was approaching from the sound of this notation on the meaning of the Heart Sutra.
著者
杉山 一男
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部紀要. 人文・社会科学篇 = Annual report, Kindai University Faculty of Engineering (ISSN:24345938)
巻号頁・発行日
no.49, pp.1-50, 2019-12-21

Herbal medicine refers to any medicinal therapy that employs medicinal leaves, roots, or barks without extracting their active ingredients. Although native herbal medicines are believed to have been used in ancient Japan, the most advanced information on the use of herbal medicine in China reached Japan in the 5th century through the Korean peninsula. Furthermore, although herbal medicines are sometimes used alone, they are usually mixed together and utilized as a prescribed treatment, i.e., a traditional Chinese herbal remedy. Approximately one-third of the Man'yoshu poems, i.e., about 1500, mention plants and almost all of them are used as food, clothing, dyes, and herbal medicines. In this paper, we attempt to provide some insights into both the outlook on the nature and lifestyles of the people in the Manyou era, based on their views and considerations of plants, as well as an overview of the state of ancient medicine. Specifically, the Man'yoshu poems in which plants were mentioned as useful herbal medicines were selected. In addition, the inherent active ingredients, pharmaceutical effect, and the traditional Chinese prescriptions for each plant were studied. [要約]天然に存在する薬効をもつ草根木皮などから有効成分を抽出することなく用いる薬の総称を生薬という。古来、我が国においても独自の生薬があったと考えられるが、生薬を含む医薬に関する中国の最新の知識は、5 世紀頃、朝鮮半島を経て伝来した。生薬は単独で用いることもあるが、多くはいくつかの生薬を配合した処方薬―漢方薬として使われる。一方、万葉集に採録された4516首の歌の約1/3にあたる1500首余りに植物が詠み込まれており、その植物の多くは、生薬のほか食糧・衣料・染料などとして用いられた。本報では、万葉人が植物にもつイメージや捉え方から、彼らの自然観や生活様式を味わうとともに、古代の医薬の在り方を概観した。即ち、万葉集の中から生薬として有用な植物を織り込んだ歌を取り上げ、個々の草根木皮に含まれる医薬成分と薬効、そして漢方処方について検討した。
著者
野村 正人 村井 義洋
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部研究報告 = Research reports of the Faculty of Engineering, Kindai University (ISSN:2434592X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.53, pp.23-26, 2019-12-21

[Abstract]In the curvilinear structure that characterizes Hiragana, when character-shaped strokes are classified according to the left and right rotation directions, it became clear that more than 80% of the characters include left and right rotational movements. Furthermore, the result is that 90% or more of the characters including the right rotation exceed 90% in total, and the number of characters including the left rotation exceeds 80%, and it is clear that the right rotation is often involved in the curvilinear structure that is a feature of Hiragana became. Furthermore, the curvilinear elements were divided into each component of Hiragana and the shapes were classified. The elements that make up Hiragana include the number of lines, closed loops, and line turning. First, the number of lines constituting the largest is 2, followed by 3, 1 and 4 in this order, which is the same as the number of hiragana strokes. It was also clarified that the components related to the curvilinear shape have a relationship with the line length. From these, it can be considered that the hiragana character shape and the stroke movement are related to rotational movement and line length, and harmony with the body is made by writing hiragana.
著者
野村 正人 村井 義洋
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部研究報告 = Research reports of the Faculty of Engineering, Kindai University (ISSN:2434592X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.53, pp.27-31, 2019-12-21

[Abstract]Hiragana is separated by line endpoints, line intersections, and curve vertices, the distance between the lines is determined in pixels, and the aspect ratio is determined to determine whether the golden ratio and silver ratio are included. It has been clarified that the golden ratio is included in the ratio of. He also revealed that √2 rectangular diameter called Porte d'Harmonie, which has been considered ideal since ancient times, and √3 rectangular diameter drawn from it are included in Hiragana characters. Furthermore, it was clarified that the ratio of the line length in the hiragana letter shape includes the golden ratio and the silver ratio.
著者
綿谷 卓真 友國 伸保 黄 健
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部研究報告 = Research reports of the Faculty of Engineering, Kinki University (ISSN:0386491X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.46, pp.81-84, 2012-12-01

[Abstract] Mechanism of motion generation of human upper limb has puzzled scientists for a long time because of its high redundancy on mechanical structure and various factors from the environment. It was reported that illusion exerts a strong effect on the human upper limb motion based on the planning-control model of Glover hypothesis. In this study, we investigated the influence of Müller-Lyer visual illusion on the upper limb movement by changing the fingertip contact conditions.
著者
黄 健
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部研究報告 = Research reports of the Faculty of Engineering, Kinki University (ISSN:0386491X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.43, pp.91-96, 2009-12-01

This paper presents a method for measuring the spatial cognitive ability of the moving distance of the human hand by using motion capture (MoCap). To improve the measurement accuracy of MoCap, a method involving the use of an upper limb model is proposed in this paper. The proposed method has many advantages such as the use of a small number of markers,and better alternatives for marker sticking positions that can reduce inaccuracies due to small muscular deformation. To investigate the cognitive ability of the moving distance of a human hand, both horizontal and vertical hand movements are measured using the proposed protocol for six subjects. The results demonstrate that the average moving distances obtained in both directions become coloser to the standard length compared with the results obtained in the previous study. The experimental results also demonstrate a strong relationship between error of the hand moving distance and manipulability of the upper limb. Moreover, the maximum velocity observed during horizontal and vertical movements are compared; and the result implies that the gravitational force exerted on the arm evidently atlects the hand movement in the blindfolded state during vertical movement.
著者
織田 成和
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部紀要. 人文・社会科学篇 (ISSN:03894606)
巻号頁・発行日
no.41, pp.39-61, 2011

[目次] 第1節.学校教育における特別活動の役割 1.1現代の子どもと特別活動 1.2学校と特別活動, 第2節.特別活動の意義と特質 2.1特別活動の由来 2.2 特別活動の目標 2.3特別活動の理念 第3節.児童・生徒会活動や学校行事等教科外活動の実際 3.1生徒会活動の在り方 3.2学級を中心とする活動 3.3 ホームルーム活動 3.4学習指導要領に見る特別活動
著者
嶽間沢 秀孝 児島 忠倫
出版者
近畿大学工学部
雑誌
近畿大学工学部研究報告 = Research reports of the School of Engineering, Kinki University (ISSN:0386491X)
巻号頁・発行日
no.42, pp.73-76, 2008-12-01

It is important to clarify evaporation characteristic of liquid fuel such as gasoline and diesel fuel. This study was conducted on evaporation phenomena of a fuel droplet on a hot wall. Several kinds of liquid normal-paraffin such as n-Hexane, Cyclohexane, Benzene were used as the test. The influence molecular structure of fuel affect evaporation lifetime was investigated in detail.