- 経営行動科学 (ISSN:09145206)
- vol.22, no.1, pp.1-12, 2009 (Released:2011-09-16)
We review the recent advancement of organizational justice research by focusing on three different kinds of individual motives (instrumental, relational and moral motives) toward a fair treatment and organizational justice climate as an aggregated form of individual-level fairness perceptions. The literature review demonstrates that since the early years of organizational justice research, the construct of organizational justice has been reconceptualized several times to contain broader and deeper meanings, which narrows the gap between practitioners' theories on fair management and scientific knowledge on organizational justice. Based on the review, we propose a comprehensive causal model in which top management's moral or ethical aspirations for establishing fair management lead to various kinds of fair practices, develop the organization's justice climate, and eventually promote a sustainable competitive advantage for the organization. We finally discuss the directions for future research.