- Tokyo Geographical Society
- Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) (ISSN:0022135X)
- vol.98, no.2, pp.128-138, 1989-04-25 (Released:2009-11-12)
Both river and groundwater are mode of occurrence of water in the hydrologic cycle. Relation between river water and groundwater are discussed on the basis of groundwater flow system, whose water table configuration is controlled by the topography and the distribution of specific flux within the system by the geology. Examples of the relation are shown for sand dunes, mountains composed of permeable rocks, volcanoes, hills, uplands, alluvial fans and lowlands.