著者
赤木 祐貴 荒井 碧 下村 斉 山本 康次郎 青山 隆夫
出版者
一般社団法人日本医療薬学会
雑誌
医療薬学 (ISSN:1346342X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.41, no.6, pp.404-414, 2015-06-10 (Released:2016-06-10)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
1 1

Low-dose aspirin inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) on platelets irreversibly, suppressing platelet aggregation.Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) also inhibit COX-1 reversibly by forming a salt bridge. However, there is little information on the antiplatelet effects of the chronic use of NSAIDs (other than aspirin). We performed pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) analysis using in vitro experimental data obtained when NSAIDs were added to human blank blood, and estimated the antiplatelet effects of continuous NSAID administration.Ibuprofen, diclofenac, indomethacin and loxoprofen were studied in a one-compartment model, and etodolac was studied in a two-compartment model. Platelet aggregation was measured after adding NSAIDs to platelet-rich plasma at a range of concentrations containing the maximum plasma concentrations of one clinical dose. We calculated the platelet-aggregation threshold index (PATI) as an index of aggregation activity, which was defined as the putative stimulus concentration giving 50% aggregation, and performed PD analysis according to the sigmoidal Emax model. Simulated time-PATI curves of NSAIDs were compared to that of low-dose aspirin.Simulated values of increase in PATI for the maximum plasma concentration of each NSAID were lower than 3.9 µg/mL, which is the same as that of low-dose aspirin. Increases in PATI around the trough concentration were nearly zero for all NSAIDs except ibuprofen, thus suggesting that the antiplatelet effects of continuous NSAID administration are weaker and less persistent than those of low-dose aspirin. The simulation results indicate that continuous NSAID administration is less effective at preventing thrombosis and embolism than low-dose aspirin, and postoperative NSAID treatment needs to be careful of the occurrence of bleeding.

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@goat_invest @by_the_HEY 残念ながら各NSAIDの明確な間隔は不明です
@tsuki__88 今回の疑問で問題なのは「術後に使用するNSAIDsに、どれほどの抗血小板作用があるのか?」というところですね。 つきさんの疑問を解決するヒントになる論文を1つご紹介します、全てを読むのは大変なので考察だけ読んでみて下さい

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