- 教育哲学研究 (ISSN:03873153)
- vol.1963, no.8, pp.67-82, 1963-06-25 (Released:2009-09-04)
Following the promulgation of the Imperial Rescript on Education, the controversy on the “collision between religion and education” broke out on the occasion of Kanzo Uchimura's refusal to show what was deemed proper respect for the Emperor. Nominally, this was a “collision between religion and education, ” but, in reality, should it not be looked upon as a collision between two religions, Christianity and the Religion of the Imperial Way (Nationalistic Shintoism) which the government was trying to form? The government's plan was to establish a state based on the emperor system in order to build up a strong and rich commonwealth with full independence. To this end it not only invested full political and military powers in the Emperor but also strove to foster the idea that the people should revere him as incarnate deity. Thus, the Religion of the Imperial Way was formed, and it was taken as the moral code to be followed by the entire people.On the surface it may be considered as standing outside the realm of religion, but it must be stated that, though imperfect as a religion, religion it was.The collision was not between religion and education or religion and morality but between two religions, as mentioned above. Otherwise, such a violent controversy would not have ensued. Does it not seem that, as a result of this collision, the Religion of the Imperial Way won an apparent victory over Christianity and that true religious faith was thereby paralyzed?