- ソシオロジ (ISSN:05841380)
- vol.45, no.3, pp.85-101,149, 2001-02-28 (Released:2016-11-02)
Until now, the history of young intellectuals in Modem Japan have been described focusing Literary-minded Youth (“ Bungaku-seinen”). This paper proposes to reexamines that (folk-) theory, in finding out a “new” type of youth, Eloquent-minded (“Yuben-seinen”), and considering a reason for it being “forgotten”, in the way of historical sociology mainly using recollections and other objective indexes. (1) In Meiji 40's (about 1907-16), Elocution was very much in fashion centering around the speech clubs (“Benron-bu”) at school of higher education. So, (2) Young intellectuals at that time could select their own types between Literary-minded and Eloquent-minded. But, (3) Postwar-intellectuals (born during 1905-15)have reconstructed the history of their predecessors' as “from Literary-minded to Social-minded”, in other words, failed to notice the Eloquent-minded type. On the other hand, (4) Youth in Meiji 40's (born during 1890's) have had no representative to narrate their experiences as the history of young intellectuals. (5) There is a generation gap in the remembrance of elocution, between Postwar intellectuals and Youth in Meiji 40's. As a result, Eloquent-minded type has been out of position in the theory of the intellectuals in Modern Japan.