- タクサ:日本動物分類学会誌 (ISSN:13422367)
- vol.33, pp.5-12, 2012-08-20 (Released:2018-03-30)
Phyllosoma, a zoeal larva with extremely flat body and long appendages of spiny and slipper lobsters, is morphologically different from other decapod zoeas. In natural environments, phyllosomas often associate with planktonic gelatinous organisms such as jellyfish although its ecological implication is still unclear. Here we review the interaction between phyllosomas and gelatinous organisms. Our recent examinations showed that phyllosomas feeding exclusively on jellyfish successfully develop into juvenile, and that phyllosomas could associate with and prey on various species of venomous jellyfish. These results suggest that phyllosomas utilize gelatinous organisms as food sources as well as floating vehicles.