- 日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
- vol.68, no.565, pp.183-191, 2003
Homeless people have built shacks and settled down in Shibuya-ku / Miyashita Park. In this paper I tried to investigate the need for community, especially through the participatory research by the homeless people themselves in this park. It shows that the homeless people living in the park have formed neighborhood relation and this relation contributes to sufficiency of their basic human needs, house construction through mutual support, cooperative approach for the life rebuilding. Further, it shows that they have practiced many kinds of housing activities through the homeless peoples' autonomous council, which they established, and that they also express much interest in joint resettlement. Important needs for the homeless are not only shelters, but also improvement in their living environment based on autonomous community while living together. Therefore, as a policy, preparation of systems for enabling them to practice such kind of their autonomous activities is more necessary than institutionalization.