著者
岩下 剛 得永 尚樹
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.672, pp.65-70, 2012-02-29 (Released:2012-03-07)
参考文献数
16

For determining VOCs emitted from bioeffluents, the indoor air collected in the classrooms of the elementary schools and a college were analyzed. As representative VOCs from bioeffluents, 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol (2E1H), Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, and Dodecane were identified and quantified. The concentrations of 2E1H, Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, Dodecane in occupied classrooms were higher than those in unoccupied classrooms. There was a higher correlation between the concentration of 2E1H and the reciprocal of the ventilation rate per person under the occupied conditions. While the higher correlation was also obtained between the concentration of 2E1H and the in-door CO2 concentration in the classrooms, the concentrations of Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, and Dodecane did not correlate with the ventilation rate nor CO2. The 2E1H concentration could be an useful index of the air pollution by human bioeffluents.
著者
小林 茂雄 津田 智史
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.615, pp.65-71, 2007

This research examined the interpersonal distances from others desired by couples sitting on a hill by the sea. An investigation to observe the behavior of actual couples, and an experiment to assess their feelings were carried out in the early evening and the nighttime. In the results, the following points were demonstrated. 1) The closest distance the couples could allow others to approach was 2 to 3 meters in all directions, and the distance at which couples were not annoyed by others was about 5 meters in all directions, 2) When the distances with others were within about 5 meters, the time a couple stayed in their spot was affected by others. The effects were stronger when the others were in front of a couple or behind them in the nighttime. 3) When the distances from others were within 5 to 6 meters, the couple's intimate contact was affected by others. The distances were a little larger in the early evening than in the nighttime, and women preferred larger distances than men.
著者
北原 玲子 大月 敏雄
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.698, pp.873-882, 2014-04-30 (Released:2014-07-15)
参考文献数
21

In this study, by taking up the Bangladesh nationality foreign resident as an ethnic group's example, it has aimed to clarify the influence on living environment of Kita-ku, Tokyo from concentrated foreign residents, with a research on the tendency of foreign residents' concentrated area, the relationship of concentrated foreign residents and their housing, the measure of local government in a concentrated area, and the housing and living condition of foreign residents in Kita-ku, Tokyo. The Bangladesh nationality foreign residents have concentrated on public housing like UR rental housing in Kita-ku. At the same time, the expansion of living facilities based on food, clothing and religion culture of Bangladesh has taken place in the surrounding area. Since foreign residents' concentrated area may progress further from now on, the understanding and preemptive move to the foreign residents of local government and housing manager are needed in order to prevent the chain of the spatial and social segregation, which has happened at other receiving countries.
著者
矢部 恒彦 北原 理雄 徳山 郁芳
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.472, pp.111-122, 1995
被引用文献数
6 or 0

Every Japanese elementary school has an original school song, and its words have typical forms that show us the educational idea and the local landscape. The aim of this study is to pick out local landscape images ,of the elements ,from the words. As the first step, we sampled the nouns (noun phrases) which concretely shows things as landscape elements from school songs in 98 cities. Next we divided them into 12 categories, and we calculated appearance rates of the categories. Using the appearance rates, we classified 98 cities into 10 groups. Next we picked up typical city of each group, and drew its image map. As a result ,we made it clear that each image map present local landscape clearly.
著者
小野 啓子 安藤 徹哉
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.612, pp.177-184, 2007
被引用文献数
1 or 0

日本統治下ミクロネシア(旧南洋群島)の経済を牽引し、大量の移民とプランテーションタウンの形成を促したのは糖業であったが、その原点は日本が初めて植民地として領有した台湾にある。本論文は、ミクロネシアにおける日本型糖業プランテーションタウンの原型を台湾に求め、その成立過程や特性を文献、聞き取り調査、航空写真からの地図再現などによって解明している。強力な官民パートナーシップのもと、初めて台湾に進出した日本資本の製糖会社は台湾製糖株式会社である。その最初の製糖工場が高雄の北側・橋仔頭に設置されたのは1902年のことで、当初は治安不安定のため、工場の周辺に事務所や宿舎を集中して配置していた。1905年、山本悌二郎所長以下3名の技術者がハワイ視察に出向く。その際、現地で見たハワイ糖業の効率性や規模に感銘を受け、帰国後直ちに狭軌鉄道の導入やハワイ式工場の導入を進める。さらに二つ目の後壁林工場(1907年設立)の開設にあたっては、ハワイ視察に参加した技術者の1人で工場長となった草鹿砥祐吉(1875-1961)が農場や工場だけでなく、労働者のための宿舎区の計画もハワイを範として計画した。テニスコートのあるオープンスペースや社員クラブを中心に置き、職階に従って戸建て、二戸一、長屋建ての住宅などを周辺に配置している。こうした「社宅街」は続く屏東工場(1910年設立)ではさらに拡大された。1910年代に入ると多数の日本資本が台湾に進出し、30以上の製糖工場が建設されたが、並木のあるグリッド状街区に整然と建物が並び、購買部からレクリエーション設備まで備えた社宅街は台湾における糖業プランテーションに欠かせない象徴的な景観となった。やがて台湾における製糖業の成長の限界が認識され、新高製糖の専務であった松江春次が1920年代に南洋群島への進出を目論んだ際には、こうした台湾での経験を生かし、短期間で事業を成功に導くことができたのである。
著者
田中 康裕 鈴木 毅
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.632, pp.2107-2115, 2008-10-30 (Released:2009-10-28)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
2 or 0

It is important that we associate with those who are not intimate with us. To clarify where contacts with these people take place, we paid attention to acquaintances of different generation for children and youth. The purpose of this article is to clarify where children and youth contact with acquaintances of different generation. The survey of this article is questionnaire to university students. This article clarified following things. Many people whom children and youth contact are considered to be "hosts of the place", who are always at the place, who cherish the place, and who play some role there. Because "hosts of the place" are always at particular place, if children and youth want to meet them, they can go there. And even if children and youth don't intend to meet them, they meet them inevitably when they go there. And many contacts with acquaintances of different generation take place not at public places but at semi-public places.
著者
上 なつき
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.716, pp.2355-2363, 2015 (Released:2015-11-11)

The order is to show the role on which women carry out a residence by reading ceremonious factor from the banquet of Yuan Xiao Jie of the annual event in “Jin Ping Mei”. Regarding the banquet of this annual event as a series of ceremonious acts by women in the each space in the residence, the series of ceremonious acts is a ceremony to pray a year's happiness. By completing this ceremony, women support the success of XimenQing and his family.
著者
松下 哲郎 平尾 宙 丸山 一平 野口 貴文
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会構造系論文集 (ISSN:13404202)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.623, pp.1-8, 2008-01-30 (Released:2008-10-31)
参考文献数
51
被引用文献数
8 or 0

In this study, Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD)/Rietveld analysis, which has been utilized in recent years as a technique for quantifying the crystal mineral phase of cement and cement paste, was applied to quantify the reaction rate of cement minerals and the proportions of hydration products. Its accuracy and availability was verified by comparing with the following properties, reaction rate of minerals by internal standard methods of XRD quantitative analysis, rate of heat liberation of cement by conduction calorimeter and amount of combined water of cement paste. Experimental factors were three types of cements, three levels of W/C, three levels of mixing/curing temperatures. The results showed that XRD/Rietveld analysis can quantify the hydration rates and products of cement paste with high accuracy.
著者
川添 善行
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.701, pp.1577-1582, 2014-07-30 (Released:2014-09-30)
参考文献数
13

The aim of this paper is to clarify the spatial structure of the symbol grave and the burial grave in villages with the double grave system. This paper is composed of three main chapters. 1) Analyzing the location of the symbol grave and the relationship between its location and distance was clarified. 2) Analyzing the location of the burial grave in a village and the relationship between its location and spatial axis was clarified. 3) Analyzing the location of the burial grave and the symbol grave, and the space model of villages with the double grave system was clarified.
著者
和田 康由 寺内 信
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.499, pp.155-162, 1997
被引用文献数
1 or 0

This paper deals with the role of housing development by estate campanies, through the case of Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd., which were founded in the middle of Taisho era. Tomosaburo TAKEHARA, the President of Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd., former a stock broker, was actively engaged in the housing enterprises by merging many estate companies, and the way of his housing management was to speculate in the housing estates as if they had been the stocks. He not only took over the business of merged estate companies but employed excellent managers and architects. Especially, Ohmino Den-en Toshi which had been developed by Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd. and MORISHOUJI District in Osaka City which was the project of a land readjustment system, were developed into the residential areas with excellent quality. But the company was in financial difficulties because it owned too many housing estates and a balance between supply and demand couldn't be kept during the war. It disappeared unexpectedly after the war in spite of developing land remarkably.
著者
野中 勝利
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.650, pp.837-842, 2010-04-30 (Released:2010-06-14)
参考文献数
47

This paper covers the reconstruction of three castle towers from the Warring States period, each at the summit of a steep precipice. In Gifu the reconstruction was done by a local historical preservation organization. It is a simple permanent structure built using scrap lumber. In spite of criticism, the foundation was also rebuilt. In Sumoto a modern ferroconcrete structure on pilings for the lower level was built as a rest area and observation platform. The reconstruction in Ueshi was privately financed by the Nanjo family. All three are simple structures that don't attempt to accurately reproduce the original castle towers.
著者
津田 智史 小林 茂雄
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.71, no.609, pp.85-91, 2006
被引用文献数
1 or 0

The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of interpersonal distance from others on the emotions and behavior of couples staying along by the sea. An investigation to observe the behavior of actual couples, and an experiment to assess the opinions of the couples were carried out in the early evening and the nighttime. In the results, the following points were demonstrated. ・ Couples tended to stay together longer and more closely when the distance from others was large. This tendency appeared more strongly in the nighttime than in the early evening. Couples expected to maintain a private space of at least 2 to 3 meters on both sides. ・ Women tended to notice the proximity of others more in the early evening. This tendency was stronger when the others were groups of men rather than mixed male-female groups. ・ Generally in the evening, couples' behavior was not affected by the attributes of others. In some cases, couples moved even closer together when another couple approached than when no-one was near.
著者
トモリ アキラ 鈴木 宏隆 浦山 益郎
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.598, pp.87-94, 2005
被引用文献数
1 or 0

1.研究の背景・目的 ため池は灌漑用に築造された農業用施設である。都市化に伴い、多くのため池は灌漑用水としての利水機能を失いつつある。しかし、利水機能だけでなく治水機能、オープンスペース機能、余暇のための空間提供機能、動植物生息機能など多面的な機能をもっており、都市環境の質的向上に資する可能性をもっている。ため池に関する研究としては、灌漑施設としての水管理に関するもの、老朽ため池の整備に関するもの、ため池の分布や都市化によるため池の改廃に関するものが多い^<2)〜6)>。ため池を都市の環境資源としてみた研究は、中山^<7)>、浦山ら^<1)>、客野ら^<8)>など少ない。また、ため池の水辺における使われ方を分析したものは森ら^<9)>程度であり、都市環境資源としてため池を活用するための設計指針は少ない。そこで、本研究ではため池を活用した公園整備のための知見を得ることを目的に、ため池のある公園とない公園の利用実態を調査し、特にため池の水辺で行われる余暇活動の特徴について明らかにしようとしたものである。2.研究の方法 名古屋市内のため池のある細口池公園とため池のない植田中央公園(図1)を対象に、2004年10月の平日と休日に観察調査とインタビュー方式のアンケート調査を行った(表1・2)。細口池公園は地区公園、植田中央公園は近隣公園に指定されているが、住宅地と中学校が隣接しており、遊歩道、プレイグラウンド、プレイフィールドなど同様の施設をもっていること、両ため池とも近隣からの利用者が多いことなど類似性が高い。相違点としては、公園の規模、ため池の有無である。3.両公園における余暇活動 1)余暇活動の種類 両公園の利用実態を把握するため、散歩、動的活動(ジョギング・スポーツ・友達と遊ぶ・子供と遊ぶ・虫取り)、静的活動(休憩、食事・ピクニック・読書・おしやべり・デート昼寝・緑を眺める・花を眺める・池を眺める・鳥を眺める・動物を眺める・虫を眺める)の3種類に分けて、午前6時から午後5時40分の間、20分ごとに活動位置を地図上にプロットした。細口池公園では休日に延べ4463、平日に延べ1607、植田中央公園では休日に延べ3040、平日に延べ1768の活動が観察できた。両公園ともに休日の利用が多い。また、ため池のある細口池公園では散歩が多いことがわかった。2)余暇活動の種類別に見た空間特性図6のようにゾーンごとに余暇活動を集計した結果、プレイフィールドとプレイグラウンドでは、両公園とも動的行為が集中していた。両公園の違いは、遊歩道を含む堤防エリアにみられた。細口池公園の堤防(水辺空間)では散歩や静的活動、動的活動が多様に行われていた。また、散歩の活動数は植田中央公園周辺の堤防エリアに比べると約3倍もあり、ため池の水辺には利用者が多いこと、利用時間が長いことを示している。4.余暇活動の類型化とその特徴 1)両公園における活動 公園の利用内容を把握するために、表2の選択肢を用意して、インタビュー方式によって複数選択の回答を求めた。両公園の相違点は、細口池公園に散歩および景観を享受する行為である緑を眺める、花を眺める、池を眺める、鳥を眺める等の静的活動が多いことである。一方、植田中央公園では、広いプレイフィールドがあることからスポーツと子供と遊ぶという利用内容が多かった。2)活動の類型化 利用内容21項目をクラスター分析した結果、表3のように7つに類型化できた。類型1(散歩)と類型2(スポーツ)は単一目的の活動類型である。類型3は、散歩+花を眺める、類型4散歩+緑+池を眺める、類型5は散歩+緑+花+池+鳥を眺める、類型6は散歩+おしゃべりのように、複数の活動を行っている類型である。類型7はその他である。類型3〜5(散歩しながら周囲を眺める行為)は、ため池のある細口池公園に特化した余暇活動であることが注目される。3)類型別に見た活動の特徴 活動類型別に利用者属性をみた(表4)。類型1と類型3〜6は、50才代・60才代の中高年齢層が毎日あるいは週に数回、一人で行う日課的な余暇活動であり、細口池公園に多い類型である。一方、類型2と7は若い層が多く、週に数回あるいは月に数回訪れるような余暇活動であり、植田中央公園に多い活動類型であった。4)類型別に見た公園を利用する理由 細口池公園に多い類型1および類型3〜6には、「周辺に緑が多いから」や「鳥や花があるから」を選択するものが多く、散歩できる機能と同時にため池の景観機能を求めてやって来る類型ということができる。5.結論 1)公園内に設けられた施設(プレイフィールドとプレイグラウンド)は動的目的の活動に利用されている。2)ため池周辺の水辺空間は散歩によく使われている。同時に静的活動にも動的活動にも多様に利用されている。3)公園の使われ方を活動の組み合わせによって類型化すると単一目的2つ、多目的の利用5つの合計7つに類型化できた。4)類型1、類型2、類型6と類型7は両公園でみられたが、散歩しながら周辺を眺める活動である類型3〜5はため池のある細口池公園に特化した利用であった。5)類型3〜5の利用理由は、「周辺に緑が多いから」、「花や鳥があるから」と「水面があるから」などため池のもつ特性を享受しようとしたものである。6)以上のことから、ため池を活かした公園整備をするということは、これらため池のもつ便益を享受できるような利用を可能にすることということができる。
著者
田中 康裕 鈴木 毅 松原 茂樹 奥 俊信 木多 道宏
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.614, pp.113-120, 2007
被引用文献数
6 or 0

This article studies the openness of Community-Cafes by means of analysis of the narratives described by 3 masters. In this article, the openness of the place is defined as follows: It is a place where people can enter freely, but also can be and interact with other people if they want. This article clarifies 10 aspects of the openness of Community-Cafe. 3 managers have their own thought about the management, relationship and interaction. But there are many common aspects in their thought. And the relationships that the manager has formed with people enable some aspects of the openness to appear.
著者
山崎 幹泰
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.535, pp.239-245, 2000-09-30 (Released:2017-02-03)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
1 or 0

The Restration of Todai-ji Daibutsu-den in the Meiji Era began in 1891 and was completed in 1913. The design of restoration changed many times, but the last they designed "Katetsutyu", it put steels into wooden pillars and fasten steel truss. This paper introduces these designs, and analyzes the last plan based on 1) the plan of wooden truss designed by Suketaro Kagotani and others, and 2) the hoop-iron construction it was also known as Tsumakishiki-koho. It is the transitional technique in the first stage of introducing steel structures to Japan.
著者
片山 めぐみ 相内 進 向井 猛 柴田 千賀子 白石 将也
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.20, no.44, pp.225-230, 2014-02-20 (Released:2014-02-20)
参考文献数
4

We report on the design aspects and process of the Asia Zone of Sapporo Maruyama Zoo opened in December 2012, and in particular, focusing on the snowy cold region. We accumulated the zoological design perspectives and experiences since the beginning of the Maruyama Zoo restart project started from 2006. The project was advanced through creating a design guidebook for the zoological exhibition that promotes compassion towards animals and anticipation upon meeting them. The ideas of breeding staffs on the design were reflected to draw the characteristic behavior of animals.
著者
頴原 澄子
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.596, pp.229-234, 2005
被引用文献数
4 or 0

This paper examines the treatment of Genbaku-Dome and its site (Saiku-cho and Sarugaku-cho) in the Hiroshima Urban Reconstruction Plan and the Hiroshima Peace City Plan. The site of the Genbaku-Dome, initially included in Chuo Park (Motomachi), became a part of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park with Nakajima Park (Nakajima-honcho) at the time of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and Peace Memorial Hall Competition. This paper also examines competition guidelines and competition plans, and evaluates Kenzo Tange and his colleague's plan and others' plan.
著者
牧 紀男 三浦 研 小林 正美
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.476, pp.125-133, 1995
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
12 or 0

In Japan, there were some serious disasters in recent years. In 1991, Unzen-Fugendake erupted and more than 1,000 people were forced to take refuge from their houses. In 1993, Hokkaido-Nanseioki earthquake attacked the south-east area of Hokkaido and more than 3,557 houses were destroyed. In Japan, the government supplies the temporary housing to those who lost house from the natural disasters. The purpose of supplying temporary house mentioned in the disaster relief law (established in 1947) and prescribes the purpose of temporary housing that to rescue the poor who can not afford getting a shelter with their own funds. But actual condition of temporary housing is completely different. Government supplies temporary housing to all those who request temporary housing. The term of using temporary house tend to become longer. The regulation about temporary housing has not been already up to dated. Many problem concerning about temporary housing originates in outdated regulation. The temporary housing have to be ranked in the part of restoration process from natural disaster.
著者
浅野 良晴 嶋津 貴之 紀谷 文樹 市川 憲良 高橋 紀行 樋口 祥明 向野 信男 有吉 淳
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.61, no.490, pp.47-54, 1996
被引用文献数
3 or 0

In this paper the authors investigated the fundamental data which were necessary for estimation of the optimum number of the fixtures in a lavatory of the multipurpose stadium. The sanitary fixture usage of soccer audiences in N-stadium of Gifu Pref. were surveyed actually by means of the electric methods. Then, the following results were obtained. 1) In the case of a lavatory for male, the waiting line generated in the half-break time. But in it for female, because the number of water closets was insufficient, the waiting line existed continually through the game. The length of moving line between the different sanitary fixtures was according to the lavatory layout. 2) The European style water closet for female was sometimes avoided. The occupated period of wash basin for female of soccer audience was longer than the other sports audience, in order to make up before and after games. 3) The ratio of female of audience was important to estimate the number of fixtures in a lavatory of stadium.