著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
6 5

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p
著者
安藤 元夫 寺川 政司 幸田 稔
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.513, pp.235-244, 1998-11-30 (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
2 2

The SHIMODERA-NITTO Improved Dwellings were built by a slum clearance program before World War II. They are the only buildings that still remain. The object of this study is first to place these dwellings as the historically important program in urban planning, and second to analyze the drastic changing of living space by extension, called "DASHIYA". This study made it clear that this dwellings were a model of housing policy in Osaka before the War, and that under the special restriction dwellers extended house for the purpose of improving the small house to adapt to changing of life style.
著者
原戸 喜代里 大場 修
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.646, pp.2709-2715, 2009-12-30 (Released:2010-04-01)
参考文献数
23

After the Showa enthronement, the buildings used for the ceremony were granted to places all over Japan. Upon research of receivers it is found the buildings which still exist are mainly in religious facilities.This paper shows the analysis of how these buildings in religious facilities were converted.Through the process of conversion, features and meaning of granted buildings are shown here.
著者
森山 修治 長谷見 雄二 小川 純子 佐野 友紀 神 忠久 蛇石 貴宏
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.637, pp.233-240, 2009-03-30 (Released:2009-11-24)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
4 4

In view of the rapid large scale development of underground in the central big cities, especially around terminal stations, evacuation experiments have been conducted with 79 subjects using an underground shopping mall near Tokyo Station actually in service after business hours. Four groups of 20 subjects started from different locations and time to “escape” from any of emergency exits was measured for each subject. 12 out of the 79 subjects wore elderly simulator to compare evacuation behavior of elderly and that of younger people. The evacuation behavior was also monitored by video cameras and escape route of each subject was reproduced afterwards. Five experiments were conducted using the lighting conditions and layout of emergency exits as parameters. The starting point was changed from experiment to experiment, not making any subject repeat similar selection of escape route. The shopping mall is composed of grid of passages, and is installed with escape route sign lights on every passage according to Fire Service Law. In every experiment, it was observed that considerable portion of subjects did not select right passage toward nearest exit at intersection nor passed over right exits. These are not compliant with widely accepted assumption for deterministic modeling of evacuation in mall-like facility. Factors dictating the probability to select right passage at intersections and that to recognize emergency exit are analyzed from the experimental data.
著者
辻原 万規彦
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.671, pp.135-142, 2012-01-30 (Released:2012-03-05)

The purpose of this paper is to examine the structure of Hungnam district, North Korea, constructed by the Chosen Chisso Hiryo. Several new maps were made using old maps, aerial photos, materials and photographs owned by the Noguchi Institute. These new maps help to delineate the Hungnam district and its factory and company house complexes. Developing these materials contributes to our understanding of the former layout of the area.
著者
城所 哲夫 蕭 閎偉 福田 崚
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.86, no.779, pp.149-159, 2021 (Released:2021-01-30)
参考文献数
51

This study aims at the verification of the hypothesis on the polarization to mega-city regions and urban divide with focus on gentrification in the Special Wards of Tokyo, Japan. Following the extensive literature review on gentrification, firstly, we analyzed the situation of gentrification and urban divide at the Ward level and applied the cluster analysis to further discuss the situation at a micro-level. Secondly, we shed light on the relation between local government policies on urban regeneration and gentrification in Tokyo and found strong relationship between them. The acceleration of the concentration of wealth to Tokyo is clearly observed in Japan since 2000s. In particular, the polarization of wealth as well as the highest income class to the central part of Tokyo is ever accelerating these days under the neoliberal urban policies. In the urban scale analysis in the Special Wards of Tokyo, situation of gentrification in the central city areas are obvious these days. On the other hands, the concentration of lower income households is observed in inner areas. Younger people of lower income tend to live in the west inner city areas while aged people with lower income tend to live in the north and east inner city areas. As a result, the urban divide in both social and spatial terms are observed. Yet, in inner city areas middle-class gentrification through the development of high-rise apartments/condominiums are also actively advancing and thus micro-level, mosaic-pattern spatial disparity is formed in inner city areas of Tokyo. Based on the analysis on the land use and urban redevelopment policies of Tokyo Metropolitan Government and the City Master Plans of 7 selected Wards (cities), it is found out that urban development/redevelopment policies at the Ward level are classified to the following 3 types: ‘large-scale urban redevelopment oriented type’, ‘incremental improvement oriented type’ and ‘hybrid type’. Wards located in the city center and its vicinity belong to the large-scale urban redevelopment-oriented type, while other Wards belong to other types based on their situations. The large-scale urban redevelopment-oriented policies naturally have high affinity to neoliberalism urban development/redevelopment policies. It follows that urban development/redevelopment polices in the Wards in the city center and its vicinity promote gentrification in those areas and thus bring about urban divide in Tokyo.
著者
上 なつき
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.716, pp.2355-2363, 2015 (Released:2015-11-11)

The order is to show the role on which women carry out a residence by reading ceremonious factor from the banquet of Yuan Xiao Jie of the annual event in “Jin Ping Mei”. Regarding the banquet of this annual event as a series of ceremonious acts by women in the each space in the residence, the series of ceremonious acts is a ceremony to pray a year's happiness. By completing this ceremony, women support the success of XimenQing and his family.
著者
水漉 あまな 藤岡 洋保
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.503, pp.203-210, 1998-01-30 (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
130

This Paper shows the kyoto's role in forming the Ancient Shrines and Temples Preservation Act(1897) was decisive. To help recover Kyoto's economy, since 1881 Kyoto had been trying to preserve old edifices in its shrines and temples as its symbols. But for lack of sufficient fund, Kyoto began to carry on a campaign to form a national law to preserve those old edifices; Kyoto even proposed a preservation bill referring to the ones abroad and ask other prefectures to join the campaign. Kyoto's propositions were introduced in some articles of the Act.
著者
石橋 登 谷口 汎邦
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.635, pp.41-50, 2009-01-30 (Released:2009-11-02)
参考文献数
6
被引用文献数
1

The Study clarified how neighbourhood amenities are located following their spontaneous emergence in a suburban residential area developed through land readjustment projects. The main findings of the Study are listed below.1) The scope of the development of neighbourhood amenities by a private developer is limited as the emphasis is placed on profit-making amenities.2) In a situation where the locationing of neighbourhood amenities is left to spontaneous emergence, there is a tendency for such amenities to be clustered around a railway station.3) The unit number of neighbourhood amenities shows secular changes while reflecting the characteristics of individual zones.
著者
小沢 朝江
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.42, pp.757-760, 2013-06-20 (Released:2013-06-20)
参考文献数
13

Meiji Imperial Palace and its building agency are the milestone of the modern architecture in Japan. In this study, duties and employment of the draft men were analyzed by the documents of the Imperial Household Agency, and their details were considered by the diary of Chiyotaro Tenaka who had been at the Miyadaiku family.As the result, some facts are developed such as; drafting and the part of planning were shouldered by the draft men, who were tested to measure their skills, about a half of them were promoted to the full-time building engineer for the national agencies.
著者
小林 茂雄 津田 智史
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.615, pp.65-71, 2007

This research examined the interpersonal distances from others desired by couples sitting on a hill by the sea. An investigation to observe the behavior of actual couples, and an experiment to assess their feelings were carried out in the early evening and the nighttime. In the results, the following points were demonstrated. 1) The closest distance the couples could allow others to approach was 2 to 3 meters in all directions, and the distance at which couples were not annoyed by others was about 5 meters in all directions, 2) When the distances with others were within about 5 meters, the time a couple stayed in their spot was affected by others. The effects were stronger when the others were in front of a couple or behind them in the nighttime. 3) When the distances from others were within 5 to 6 meters, the couple's intimate contact was affected by others. The distances were a little larger in the early evening than in the nighttime, and women preferred larger distances than men.
著者
岩下 剛 得永 尚樹
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.672, pp.65-70, 2012-02-29 (Released:2012-03-07)
参考文献数
16

For determining VOCs emitted from bioeffluents, the indoor air collected in the classrooms of the elementary schools and a college were analyzed. As representative VOCs from bioeffluents, 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol (2E1H), Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, and Dodecane were identified and quantified. The concentrations of 2E1H, Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, Dodecane in occupied classrooms were higher than those in unoccupied classrooms. There was a higher correlation between the concentration of 2E1H and the reciprocal of the ventilation rate per person under the occupied conditions. While the higher correlation was also obtained between the concentration of 2E1H and the in-door CO2 concentration in the classrooms, the concentrations of Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, and Dodecane did not correlate with the ventilation rate nor CO2. The 2E1H concentration could be an useful index of the air pollution by human bioeffluents.
著者
李 明 石丸 紀興
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.628, pp.1395-1402, 2008-06-30 (Released:2009-09-30)

Considering the appearance and the change process of the postwar black market in front of Hiroshima station, we are going to give new information about a station square adjustment, redevelopment and revitalization project. Right after World War II, black markets were appeared in many urban cities in Japan, as well as Hiroshima, especially in front of the Hiroshima station there was a bustling big scale black market. Even though Hiroshima was atomic bombed, people were doing business in the black market and it effected very much to revitalization of Hiroshima. Although this hasn't mentioned so much until now, it is indispensable to talk about the restoration process of Hiroshima. Considering the station square black market in Hiroshima is not only important to thinking about the restoration process of war damage in atomic bombed city Hiroshima but also it can give you the important information to having a grasp of the history of Japanese war damage restoration more in general.
著者
岩下 剛
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.704, pp.865-870, 2014-10-30 (Released:2014-10-30)
参考文献数
3
被引用文献数
1

The air quality during winter period in elementary/secondary schools located in metropolitan district X was analyzed by using results of the environmental hygienic audit. The period of analysis was set as 3 years from 2007 to 2009. The following conclusions were obtained; 1) The average values of air temperature, the relative humidity, and CO2 concentration in classrooms of the elementary schools met the standard of school environmental hygiene. 2) The ratio of the CO2 observations exceeding the standard value of 1500 ppm in the elementary schools was 30.5 %, and that in the secondary schools was 58.5 %. 3) The clear tendency that the lower the outdoor temperature, the higher the heating usage ratio, was observed both in the elementary and the secondary schools. Under the same outdoor temperature condition, the heating usage ratio in the secondary schools was higher than that in the elementary schools. 4) Under the same outdoor temperature condition, the average room temperature in the classrooms of the secondary schools was significantly higher than that of the elementary schools. The average CO2 concentrations in the secondary schools exceeded the standard values under the all temperature classes.
著者
〓 〓晧 若山 滋
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.643, pp.2139-2147, 2009-09-30 (Released:2010-01-22)
参考文献数
12

The purpose of this study is to examine the social aspects of Korea in the 1930s by analyzing the urban and architectural spaces described in the literatures of two Korean novelists, “Tae-won PARK” and “Sang LEE”. We used the following three methods. First, we classified the architectural terms used in the literatures into 9 categories and analyzed their usage frequency in order to find the trend in architectural style within them. Second, we divided the background stages appearing in the literatures into six distinctive spatial categories based on their architectural usage and analyzed the relation between these spaces and the Korean colonial period. Third, we grouped the architectural terms together with the characters and stories described on each stage into six spatial categories and examined the spatial aspects by those constitutive keywords and then, analyzed the spatial meaning veiled in these spaces. From the spatial images obtained after the analysis, we were able to understand about the structure of modern Korean society in the 1930s.