著者
多和田 友美 伊香賀 俊治 村上 周三 内田 匠子 上田 悠
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.648, pp.213-219, 2010-02-28 (Released:2010-06-07)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
4 4

Various researches highlight that indoor air quality affects performance of workers in offices. Although good indoor air quality improves work performance, it also increases energy consumption. In this study, we achieved a field survey in a real office in order to investigate the relationship between thermal environment, productivity, and energy consumption. In addition to the monitoring of indoor environmental quality and energy consumption, subjective experiments were conducted. In order to evaluate subjective performance, workers and students responded to questionnaires, and to evaluate objective performance, students simulated three types of office works. By calculating room temperature and worker's subjective performance, we demonstrate the correlation between room temperature and worker's performance (R2=0.22, p
著者
森山 修治 長谷見 雄二 小川 純子 佐野 友紀 神 忠久 蛇石 貴宏
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.637, pp.233-240, 2009-03-30 (Released:2009-11-24)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
4 3

In view of the rapid large scale development of underground in the central big cities, especially around terminal stations, evacuation experiments have been conducted with 79 subjects using an underground shopping mall near Tokyo Station actually in service after business hours. Four groups of 20 subjects started from different locations and time to “escape” from any of emergency exits was measured for each subject. 12 out of the 79 subjects wore elderly simulator to compare evacuation behavior of elderly and that of younger people. The evacuation behavior was also monitored by video cameras and escape route of each subject was reproduced afterwards. Five experiments were conducted using the lighting conditions and layout of emergency exits as parameters. The starting point was changed from experiment to experiment, not making any subject repeat similar selection of escape route. The shopping mall is composed of grid of passages, and is installed with escape route sign lights on every passage according to Fire Service Law. In every experiment, it was observed that considerable portion of subjects did not select right passage toward nearest exit at intersection nor passed over right exits. These are not compliant with widely accepted assumption for deterministic modeling of evacuation in mall-like facility. Factors dictating the probability to select right passage at intersections and that to recognize emergency exit are analyzed from the experimental data.
著者
上 なつき
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.716, pp.2355-2363, 2015 (Released:2015-11-11)

The order is to show the role on which women carry out a residence by reading ceremonious factor from the banquet of Yuan Xiao Jie of the annual event in “Jin Ping Mei”. Regarding the banquet of this annual event as a series of ceremonious acts by women in the each space in the residence, the series of ceremonious acts is a ceremony to pray a year's happiness. By completing this ceremony, women support the success of XimenQing and his family.
著者
水漉 あまな 藤岡 洋保
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.503, pp.203-210, 1998-01-30 (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
130

This Paper shows the kyoto's role in forming the Ancient Shrines and Temples Preservation Act(1897) was decisive. To help recover Kyoto's economy, since 1881 Kyoto had been trying to preserve old edifices in its shrines and temples as its symbols. But for lack of sufficient fund, Kyoto began to carry on a campaign to form a national law to preserve those old edifices; Kyoto even proposed a preservation bill referring to the ones abroad and ask other prefectures to join the campaign. Kyoto's propositions were introduced in some articles of the Act.
著者
石橋 登 谷口 汎邦
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.635, pp.41-50, 2009-01-30 (Released:2009-11-02)
参考文献数
6

The Study clarified how neighbourhood amenities are located following their spontaneous emergence in a suburban residential area developed through land readjustment projects. The main findings of the Study are listed below.1) The scope of the development of neighbourhood amenities by a private developer is limited as the emphasis is placed on profit-making amenities.2) In a situation where the locationing of neighbourhood amenities is left to spontaneous emergence, there is a tendency for such amenities to be clustered around a railway station.3) The unit number of neighbourhood amenities shows secular changes while reflecting the characteristics of individual zones.
著者
小沢 朝江
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会技術報告集 (ISSN:13419463)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.19, no.42, pp.757-760, 2013-06-20 (Released:2013-06-20)
参考文献数
13

Meiji Imperial Palace and its building agency are the milestone of the modern architecture in Japan. In this study, duties and employment of the draft men were analyzed by the documents of the Imperial Household Agency, and their details were considered by the diary of Chiyotaro Tenaka who had been at the Miyadaiku family.As the result, some facts are developed such as; drafting and the part of planning were shouldered by the draft men, who were tested to measure their skills, about a half of them were promoted to the full-time building engineer for the national agencies.
著者
小林 茂雄 津田 智史
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.615, pp.65-71, 2007

This research examined the interpersonal distances from others desired by couples sitting on a hill by the sea. An investigation to observe the behavior of actual couples, and an experiment to assess their feelings were carried out in the early evening and the nighttime. In the results, the following points were demonstrated. 1) The closest distance the couples could allow others to approach was 2 to 3 meters in all directions, and the distance at which couples were not annoyed by others was about 5 meters in all directions, 2) When the distances with others were within about 5 meters, the time a couple stayed in their spot was affected by others. The effects were stronger when the others were in front of a couple or behind them in the nighttime. 3) When the distances from others were within 5 to 6 meters, the couple's intimate contact was affected by others. The distances were a little larger in the early evening than in the nighttime, and women preferred larger distances than men.
著者
岩下 剛 得永 尚樹
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.672, pp.65-70, 2012-02-29 (Released:2012-03-07)
参考文献数
16

For determining VOCs emitted from bioeffluents, the indoor air collected in the classrooms of the elementary schools and a college were analyzed. As representative VOCs from bioeffluents, 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol (2E1H), Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, and Dodecane were identified and quantified. The concentrations of 2E1H, Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, Dodecane in occupied classrooms were higher than those in unoccupied classrooms. There was a higher correlation between the concentration of 2E1H and the reciprocal of the ventilation rate per person under the occupied conditions. While the higher correlation was also obtained between the concentration of 2E1H and the in-door CO2 concentration in the classrooms, the concentrations of Nonanal, Decanal, Nonane, Undecane, and Dodecane did not correlate with the ventilation rate nor CO2. The 2E1H concentration could be an useful index of the air pollution by human bioeffluents.
著者
李 明 石丸 紀興
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.628, pp.1395-1402, 2008-06-30 (Released:2009-09-30)

Considering the appearance and the change process of the postwar black market in front of Hiroshima station, we are going to give new information about a station square adjustment, redevelopment and revitalization project. Right after World War II, black markets were appeared in many urban cities in Japan, as well as Hiroshima, especially in front of the Hiroshima station there was a bustling big scale black market. Even though Hiroshima was atomic bombed, people were doing business in the black market and it effected very much to revitalization of Hiroshima. Although this hasn't mentioned so much until now, it is indispensable to talk about the restoration process of Hiroshima. Considering the station square black market in Hiroshima is not only important to thinking about the restoration process of war damage in atomic bombed city Hiroshima but also it can give you the important information to having a grasp of the history of Japanese war damage restoration more in general.
著者
北原 玲子 大月 敏雄
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.698, pp.873-882, 2014-04-30 (Released:2014-07-15)
参考文献数
21

In this study, by taking up the Bangladesh nationality foreign resident as an ethnic group's example, it has aimed to clarify the influence on living environment of Kita-ku, Tokyo from concentrated foreign residents, with a research on the tendency of foreign residents' concentrated area, the relationship of concentrated foreign residents and their housing, the measure of local government in a concentrated area, and the housing and living condition of foreign residents in Kita-ku, Tokyo. The Bangladesh nationality foreign residents have concentrated on public housing like UR rental housing in Kita-ku. At the same time, the expansion of living facilities based on food, clothing and religion culture of Bangladesh has taken place in the surrounding area. Since foreign residents' concentrated area may progress further from now on, the understanding and preemptive move to the foreign residents of local government and housing manager are needed in order to prevent the chain of the spatial and social segregation, which has happened at other receiving countries.
著者
鈴木 宏昌 藤浪 健二 金 政秀 田辺 新一
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会環境系論文集 (ISSN:13480685)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.645, pp.1253-1259, 2009-11-30 (Released:2010-04-01)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
2 1

Air-conditioners are going to be set up in public elementary schools. The installation rate reached 64% in Tokyo 23 wards in 2007. The increase of energy consumption is a concern as air-conditioner use spreads all over the country. In this study, the forecast of energy consumption until 2030 is illustrated. This is calculated by forecasting the number of classes in which air-conditioners have been installed and the air-conditioning load in each 47 prefectures. In addition, the energy-saving measures such as natural ventilation and Low-e glass are accounted. It is possible to reduce energy consumption to the level of 1990 by 2030, when all the measures and improvement in COP of air-conditioner are taken.
著者
高橋 俊也 渡辺 菊眞 布野 修司
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.637, pp.635-641, 2009-03-30 (Released:2009-11-24)
参考文献数
16

The purpose of this study is to consider the spatial quality of the environment around cemeteries in Kyoto based on the analysis of the transformation process of urban space on Rendaino area. Since the ancient times, ‘Rendaino’ which located in the urban periphery had been a funeral area on the hillside of Mt.Hidaridaimonji. Rendaino area was very different from the inner urban area of Kyoto in terms of spatial and cultural quality, but those two areas have long been interrelated with each other. Rendaino area, where many cemeteries, ancient tumbs, shrines and temples are located in had been greatly changed with the process of so-called modernization from Meiji Restoration. This paper clarifies the changing process of land uses of Rendaino area based on the field survey. This paper concludes that the environmental changes around cemeteries, ancient tumb, shrines and temples brought the deterioration of spatial quality of Rendaino area.
著者
上 なつき
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.726, pp.1799-1807, 2016 (Released:2016-08-30)

“Jin Ping Mei”, a novel completed during the late Ming Dynasty, revolves around the theme of sexual relations between the wealthy merchant Ximen Qing and his wives and mistresses. The story is set mainly on the limited stage of Ximen's jia or residence and describes the manners and customs of the time in great detail. For that reason, “Jin Ping Mei” has since been used as a historical and folkloric document that centers on the field of the necessities of life vis-à-vis life histories. In this paper, giving attention to the various locations of Ximen's jia from the point of view of residential history, I considered the formal significance of the women's actions at Ximen Qing's funeral and studied the influence that they exerted on the residence. First, if we analyze the layout of the mansion as well as the significance of each location, many interesting facts will come to light. In the Si-He-Yuan House, for instance, there were everyday spaces for women—centered around Shangfang, located north of Hou-Yimen (the “inner-facing” domain)—and spaces usually used by men—centered on Dating, located south of Hou-Yimen (the “outward-facing” domain). Supposing the above, an examination of the actions of the women at Ximen Qing's funeral is worthy, considering the social status of the deceased and the interest in the household among the public. The women's formal acts, the locations, and relationships in which they performed those acts have made this funeral an interesting subject for discussion. As Ximen Qing met his dying hour, he was clad in funeral clothing by his mistress in Shangfang and then brought to Datinng in the “outward-facing” domain. His mortal remains, placed in a coffin, were enshrined in Dating until just before the funeral procession. After the burial, the “Ling” of the deceased, who was called back by “Daotong, ” was sheltered in a mortuary tablet in Shangfang. Afterwards, the women made sure that the “Ling” entered Nirvana through the “Wuqi” ceremony. In other words, the women were responsible for ensuring his final departure to Nirvana in the “inner-facing” domain of them. That is to say, the women were principal actors in the commencement and completion of Ximen Qing's funeral, justifying the motivation of the study.
著者
李 雪 黒田 乃生 藤川 昌樹 安藤 邦廣
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.732, pp.383-391, 2017 (Released:2017-02-28)
参考文献数
8

The Chuandou System (pillars-and-transverse-tie-beams) wooden frame is wildly used in Miao people's houses in Qiandongnan region of Guizhou Province of China. The Chuandou System wooden frame is composed of vertical pillars and horizontal beams called "Fang". In this area, the house building is following a traditional production organization that the local carpenters design the house and process wooden components and the setting-up of the frame that is completed by joint work of villagers. By investigating the construction process of G house in Gongna Village, Qiandongnan region, this study has clarified that five types of the mortise and tenon joints are used in Chuandou-systerm wooden. The dimension characters of horizontal beams (Fang) were also clarified. In addition, the relationship between types of mortise and tenon joints, the dimension characters of horizontal beams (Fang), and the production organization of house building would be discussed in this study. In G house, the wooden frame could be separated into roof truss and framework. There are two types of mortise and tenon joints in roof trusses.. One of the joints that carpenters cult into a cavity in bottom of short pillar, and the cavity could be used as a mortise to put the short pillar on horizontal beam. Another type of the joints could be considered as a "haunched stob tenon joint", which is used to put horizontal beams(Fang) into short pillars. Also, there are three types of mortise and tenon joints in the frameworks. One type could be considered as a "pegged tenon joint". A haunched stob form tenon on the end of the beam inserts into the mortise. For strengthening the mortise and tenon, a peg is drived into one hole both through mortise and tenon. In another type of joints, tenon is in the middle of the horizontal beam (Fang) that could be passed across mortise and a key could be drived into horizontal beam (Fang) close to the pillar. The last type of mortise and tenon joints also could be considered as a "pegged tenon joint". Pair of horizontal symmetry beams come from two sides of the pillar, and two tenons on the end of beams are joint in one mortise. A peg also has been drvied into two tenons and one mortise to fix them. After the processing of wooden components, local villagers have to set up the Chuandou system frame by a very simple way in two days. They move horizontal beams (Fang) or vertical pillars to join mortises and tenons, and use wooden hammers to hit the beams to strengthen the connection of mortise and tenons. To provide an effectively setting-up construction, the local carpenters should devise the combination of mortise and tenon joints, and also process the horizontal beams (Fang) by different heights and widths in different positions even in the same beam as the shorter area can ensure the beams insert mortise smoothly. Therefore, relatively complicated process skill as well as a simple setting-up frame is developed in this region.
著者
李 雪 黒田 乃生 藤川 昌樹 安藤 邦廣
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.721, pp.603-612, 2016 (Released:2016-03-30)
参考文献数
14

In the region of Minority nationalities, Guizhou Province of China, houses are built by using traditional technology and local materials with the joint efforts of villagers. By investigating the construction process of G house in Gongna Village, this study has clarified that the participants mainly involved in the construction including house owner, the villagers and the experts such as carpenters, feng shui master, transportation supplier, sawmill and wood processing company. With the modernization of the rural life and the increasing of monetary economy, construction has been split into more divisions. The current result suggested that along with the introduction of electric tools and monetary economy, all of the construction process might tend to be more specific that could only be handled by professional staff. The old tradition of wooden technology and collaboration of villagers that have been inherited for many years might disappear.
著者
矢部 恒彦 北原 理雄 徳山 郁芳
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.472, pp.111-122, 1995
被引用文献数
6 2

Every Japanese elementary school has an original school song, and its words have typical forms that show us the educational idea and the local landscape. The aim of this study is to pick out local landscape images ,of the elements ,from the words. As the first step, we sampled the nouns (noun phrases) which concretely shows things as landscape elements from school songs in 98 cities. Next we divided them into 12 categories, and we calculated appearance rates of the categories. Using the appearance rates, we classified 98 cities into 10 groups. Next we picked up typical city of each group, and drew its image map. As a result ,we made it clear that each image map present local landscape clearly.
著者
宇杉 和夫
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.518, pp.189-195, 1999-04-30 (Released:2017-02-03)
参考文献数
28

This paper describes the relationship between basic spatial recognition and landscaping In Japan. Landscaping m Japan is based on the concept and idea of "Creation and Generation of Space". There is a spatial concept that I call "Space of Island" that has a symbolic position in above mentioned relationship. The story of "The Creation of the Main 8 Islands of Japan" in Japanese mythology teaches us the framework on spatial recognition to understand the meaning of variable landscapes and scenery in Japan. This study clarifies conceptions and patterns on composition of "Spatial Axis" as "Creation and Generation of Space".
著者
野中 勝利
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.650, pp.837-842, 2010-04-30 (Released:2010-06-14)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
2

This paper covers the reconstruction of three castle towers from the Warring States period, each at the summit of a steep precipice. In Gifu the reconstruction was done by a local historical preservation organization. It is a simple permanent structure built using scrap lumber. In spite of criticism, the foundation was also rebuilt. In Sumoto a modern ferroconcrete structure on pilings for the lower level was built as a rest area and observation platform. The reconstruction in Ueshi was privately financed by the Nanjo family. All three are simple structures that don't attempt to accurately reproduce the original castle towers.