著者
上 なつき
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.716, pp.2355-2363, 2015 (Released:2015-11-11)

The order is to show the role on which women carry out a residence by reading ceremonious factor from the banquet of Yuan Xiao Jie of the annual event in “Jin Ping Mei”. Regarding the banquet of this annual event as a series of ceremonious acts by women in the each space in the residence, the series of ceremonious acts is a ceremony to pray a year's happiness. By completing this ceremony, women support the success of XimenQing and his family.
著者
水漉 あまな 藤岡 洋保
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.503, pp.203-210, 1998-01-30 (Released:2017-02-02)
参考文献数
130

This Paper shows the kyoto's role in forming the Ancient Shrines and Temples Preservation Act(1897) was decisive. To help recover Kyoto's economy, since 1881 Kyoto had been trying to preserve old edifices in its shrines and temples as its symbols. But for lack of sufficient fund, Kyoto began to carry on a campaign to form a national law to preserve those old edifices; Kyoto even proposed a preservation bill referring to the ones abroad and ask other prefectures to join the campaign. Kyoto's propositions were introduced in some articles of the Act.
著者
石橋 登 谷口 汎邦
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.635, pp.41-50, 2009-01-30 (Released:2009-11-02)
参考文献数
6

The Study clarified how neighbourhood amenities are located following their spontaneous emergence in a suburban residential area developed through land readjustment projects. The main findings of the Study are listed below.1) The scope of the development of neighbourhood amenities by a private developer is limited as the emphasis is placed on profit-making amenities.2) In a situation where the locationing of neighbourhood amenities is left to spontaneous emergence, there is a tendency for such amenities to be clustered around a railway station.3) The unit number of neighbourhood amenities shows secular changes while reflecting the characteristics of individual zones.
著者
李 明 石丸 紀興
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.628, pp.1395-1402, 2008-06-30 (Released:2009-09-30)

Considering the appearance and the change process of the postwar black market in front of Hiroshima station, we are going to give new information about a station square adjustment, redevelopment and revitalization project. Right after World War II, black markets were appeared in many urban cities in Japan, as well as Hiroshima, especially in front of the Hiroshima station there was a bustling big scale black market. Even though Hiroshima was atomic bombed, people were doing business in the black market and it effected very much to revitalization of Hiroshima. Although this hasn't mentioned so much until now, it is indispensable to talk about the restoration process of Hiroshima. Considering the station square black market in Hiroshima is not only important to thinking about the restoration process of war damage in atomic bombed city Hiroshima but also it can give you the important information to having a grasp of the history of Japanese war damage restoration more in general.
著者
北原 玲子 大月 敏雄
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.698, pp.873-882, 2014-04-30 (Released:2014-07-15)
参考文献数
21

In this study, by taking up the Bangladesh nationality foreign resident as an ethnic group's example, it has aimed to clarify the influence on living environment of Kita-ku, Tokyo from concentrated foreign residents, with a research on the tendency of foreign residents' concentrated area, the relationship of concentrated foreign residents and their housing, the measure of local government in a concentrated area, and the housing and living condition of foreign residents in Kita-ku, Tokyo. The Bangladesh nationality foreign residents have concentrated on public housing like UR rental housing in Kita-ku. At the same time, the expansion of living facilities based on food, clothing and religion culture of Bangladesh has taken place in the surrounding area. Since foreign residents' concentrated area may progress further from now on, the understanding and preemptive move to the foreign residents of local government and housing manager are needed in order to prevent the chain of the spatial and social segregation, which has happened at other receiving countries.
著者
上 なつき
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.726, pp.1799-1807, 2016 (Released:2016-08-30)

“Jin Ping Mei”, a novel completed during the late Ming Dynasty, revolves around the theme of sexual relations between the wealthy merchant Ximen Qing and his wives and mistresses. The story is set mainly on the limited stage of Ximen's jia or residence and describes the manners and customs of the time in great detail. For that reason, “Jin Ping Mei” has since been used as a historical and folkloric document that centers on the field of the necessities of life vis-à-vis life histories. In this paper, giving attention to the various locations of Ximen's jia from the point of view of residential history, I considered the formal significance of the women's actions at Ximen Qing's funeral and studied the influence that they exerted on the residence. First, if we analyze the layout of the mansion as well as the significance of each location, many interesting facts will come to light. In the Si-He-Yuan House, for instance, there were everyday spaces for women—centered around Shangfang, located north of Hou-Yimen (the “inner-facing” domain)—and spaces usually used by men—centered on Dating, located south of Hou-Yimen (the “outward-facing” domain). Supposing the above, an examination of the actions of the women at Ximen Qing's funeral is worthy, considering the social status of the deceased and the interest in the household among the public. The women's formal acts, the locations, and relationships in which they performed those acts have made this funeral an interesting subject for discussion. As Ximen Qing met his dying hour, he was clad in funeral clothing by his mistress in Shangfang and then brought to Datinng in the “outward-facing” domain. His mortal remains, placed in a coffin, were enshrined in Dating until just before the funeral procession. After the burial, the “Ling” of the deceased, who was called back by “Daotong, ” was sheltered in a mortuary tablet in Shangfang. Afterwards, the women made sure that the “Ling” entered Nirvana through the “Wuqi” ceremony. In other words, the women were responsible for ensuring his final departure to Nirvana in the “inner-facing” domain of them. That is to say, the women were principal actors in the commencement and completion of Ximen Qing's funeral, justifying the motivation of the study.
著者
李 雪 黒田 乃生 藤川 昌樹 安藤 邦廣
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.732, pp.383-391, 2017 (Released:2017-02-28)
参考文献数
8

The Chuandou System (pillars-and-transverse-tie-beams) wooden frame is wildly used in Miao people's houses in Qiandongnan region of Guizhou Province of China. The Chuandou System wooden frame is composed of vertical pillars and horizontal beams called "Fang". In this area, the house building is following a traditional production organization that the local carpenters design the house and process wooden components and the setting-up of the frame that is completed by joint work of villagers. By investigating the construction process of G house in Gongna Village, Qiandongnan region, this study has clarified that five types of the mortise and tenon joints are used in Chuandou-systerm wooden. The dimension characters of horizontal beams (Fang) were also clarified. In addition, the relationship between types of mortise and tenon joints, the dimension characters of horizontal beams (Fang), and the production organization of house building would be discussed in this study. In G house, the wooden frame could be separated into roof truss and framework. There are two types of mortise and tenon joints in roof trusses.. One of the joints that carpenters cult into a cavity in bottom of short pillar, and the cavity could be used as a mortise to put the short pillar on horizontal beam. Another type of the joints could be considered as a "haunched stob tenon joint", which is used to put horizontal beams(Fang) into short pillars. Also, there are three types of mortise and tenon joints in the frameworks. One type could be considered as a "pegged tenon joint". A haunched stob form tenon on the end of the beam inserts into the mortise. For strengthening the mortise and tenon, a peg is drived into one hole both through mortise and tenon. In another type of joints, tenon is in the middle of the horizontal beam (Fang) that could be passed across mortise and a key could be drived into horizontal beam (Fang) close to the pillar. The last type of mortise and tenon joints also could be considered as a "pegged tenon joint". Pair of horizontal symmetry beams come from two sides of the pillar, and two tenons on the end of beams are joint in one mortise. A peg also has been drvied into two tenons and one mortise to fix them. After the processing of wooden components, local villagers have to set up the Chuandou system frame by a very simple way in two days. They move horizontal beams (Fang) or vertical pillars to join mortises and tenons, and use wooden hammers to hit the beams to strengthen the connection of mortise and tenons. To provide an effectively setting-up construction, the local carpenters should devise the combination of mortise and tenon joints, and also process the horizontal beams (Fang) by different heights and widths in different positions even in the same beam as the shorter area can ensure the beams insert mortise smoothly. Therefore, relatively complicated process skill as well as a simple setting-up frame is developed in this region.
著者
李 雪 黒田 乃生 藤川 昌樹 安藤 邦廣
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.721, pp.603-612, 2016 (Released:2016-03-30)
参考文献数
14

In the region of Minority nationalities, Guizhou Province of China, houses are built by using traditional technology and local materials with the joint efforts of villagers. By investigating the construction process of G house in Gongna Village, this study has clarified that the participants mainly involved in the construction including house owner, the villagers and the experts such as carpenters, feng shui master, transportation supplier, sawmill and wood processing company. With the modernization of the rural life and the increasing of monetary economy, construction has been split into more divisions. The current result suggested that along with the introduction of electric tools and monetary economy, all of the construction process might tend to be more specific that could only be handled by professional staff. The old tradition of wooden technology and collaboration of villagers that have been inherited for many years might disappear.
著者
矢部 恒彦 北原 理雄 徳山 郁芳
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.60, no.472, pp.111-122, 1995
被引用文献数
6 2

Every Japanese elementary school has an original school song, and its words have typical forms that show us the educational idea and the local landscape. The aim of this study is to pick out local landscape images ,of the elements ,from the words. As the first step, we sampled the nouns (noun phrases) which concretely shows things as landscape elements from school songs in 98 cities. Next we divided them into 12 categories, and we calculated appearance rates of the categories. Using the appearance rates, we classified 98 cities into 10 groups. Next we picked up typical city of each group, and drew its image map. As a result ,we made it clear that each image map present local landscape clearly.
著者
宇杉 和夫
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.518, pp.189-195, 1999-04-30 (Released:2017-02-03)
参考文献数
28

This paper describes the relationship between basic spatial recognition and landscaping In Japan. Landscaping m Japan is based on the concept and idea of "Creation and Generation of Space". There is a spatial concept that I call "Space of Island" that has a symbolic position in above mentioned relationship. The story of "The Creation of the Main 8 Islands of Japan" in Japanese mythology teaches us the framework on spatial recognition to understand the meaning of variable landscapes and scenery in Japan. This study clarifies conceptions and patterns on composition of "Spatial Axis" as "Creation and Generation of Space".
著者
野中 勝利
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.650, pp.837-842, 2010-04-30 (Released:2010-06-14)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
2

This paper covers the reconstruction of three castle towers from the Warring States period, each at the summit of a steep precipice. In Gifu the reconstruction was done by a local historical preservation organization. It is a simple permanent structure built using scrap lumber. In spite of criticism, the foundation was also rebuilt. In Sumoto a modern ferroconcrete structure on pilings for the lower level was built as a rest area and observation platform. The reconstruction in Ueshi was privately financed by the Nanjo family. All three are simple structures that don't attempt to accurately reproduce the original castle towers.
著者
小野 啓子 安藤 徹哉
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.72, no.612, pp.177-184, 2007
被引用文献数
1

日本統治下ミクロネシア(旧南洋群島)の経済を牽引し、大量の移民とプランテーションタウンの形成を促したのは糖業であったが、その原点は日本が初めて植民地として領有した台湾にある。本論文は、ミクロネシアにおける日本型糖業プランテーションタウンの原型を台湾に求め、その成立過程や特性を文献、聞き取り調査、航空写真からの地図再現などによって解明している。強力な官民パートナーシップのもと、初めて台湾に進出した日本資本の製糖会社は台湾製糖株式会社である。その最初の製糖工場が高雄の北側・橋仔頭に設置されたのは1902年のことで、当初は治安不安定のため、工場の周辺に事務所や宿舎を集中して配置していた。1905年、山本悌二郎所長以下3名の技術者がハワイ視察に出向く。その際、現地で見たハワイ糖業の効率性や規模に感銘を受け、帰国後直ちに狭軌鉄道の導入やハワイ式工場の導入を進める。さらに二つ目の後壁林工場(1907年設立)の開設にあたっては、ハワイ視察に参加した技術者の1人で工場長となった草鹿砥祐吉(1875-1961)が農場や工場だけでなく、労働者のための宿舎区の計画もハワイを範として計画した。テニスコートのあるオープンスペースや社員クラブを中心に置き、職階に従って戸建て、二戸一、長屋建ての住宅などを周辺に配置している。こうした「社宅街」は続く屏東工場(1910年設立)ではさらに拡大された。1910年代に入ると多数の日本資本が台湾に進出し、30以上の製糖工場が建設されたが、並木のあるグリッド状街区に整然と建物が並び、購買部からレクリエーション設備まで備えた社宅街は台湾における糖業プランテーションに欠かせない象徴的な景観となった。やがて台湾における製糖業の成長の限界が認識され、新高製糖の専務であった松江春次が1920年代に南洋群島への進出を目論んだ際には、こうした台湾での経験を生かし、短期間で事業を成功に導くことができたのである。
著者
田中 康裕 鈴木 毅
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.632, pp.2107-2115, 2008-10-30 (Released:2009-10-28)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
2

It is important that we associate with those who are not intimate with us. To clarify where contacts with these people take place, we paid attention to acquaintances of different generation for children and youth. The purpose of this article is to clarify where children and youth contact with acquaintances of different generation. The survey of this article is questionnaire to university students. This article clarified following things. Many people whom children and youth contact are considered to be "hosts of the place", who are always at the place, who cherish the place, and who play some role there. Because "hosts of the place" are always at particular place, if children and youth want to meet them, they can go there. And even if children and youth don't intend to meet them, they meet them inevitably when they go there. And many contacts with acquaintances of different generation take place not at public places but at semi-public places.
著者
中村 豪 宇於崎 勝也 根上 彰生 小嶋 勝衛
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.634, pp.2803-2804, 2008-12-30

I am apologize that our study included a non-appropriate part. I will carry on a correction sentence in this paper.
著者
川添 善行
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.701, pp.1577-1582, 2014-07-30 (Released:2014-09-30)
参考文献数
13

The aim of this paper is to clarify the spatial structure of the symbol grave and the burial grave in villages with the double grave system. This paper is composed of three main chapters. 1) Analyzing the location of the symbol grave and the relationship between its location and distance was clarified. 2) Analyzing the location of the burial grave in a village and the relationship between its location and spatial axis was clarified. 3) Analyzing the location of the burial grave and the symbol grave, and the space model of villages with the double grave system was clarified.
著者
和田 康由 寺内 信
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.62, no.499, pp.155-162, 1997
被引用文献数
1

This paper deals with the role of housing development by estate campanies, through the case of Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd., which were founded in the middle of Taisho era. Tomosaburo TAKEHARA, the President of Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd., former a stock broker, was actively engaged in the housing enterprises by merging many estate companies, and the way of his housing management was to speculate in the housing estates as if they had been the stocks. He not only took over the business of merged estate companies but employed excellent managers and architects. Especially, Ohmino Den-en Toshi which had been developed by Kansai Tochi Co. Ltd. and MORISHOUJI District in Osaka City which was the project of a land readjustment system, were developed into the residential areas with excellent quality. But the company was in financial difficulties because it owned too many housing estates and a balance between supply and demand couldn't be kept during the war. It disappeared unexpectedly after the war in spite of developing land remarkably.
著者
藤井 さやか 大澤 昭彦 小泉 秀樹 中井 検裕 中西 正彦
出版者
一般社団法人日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.634, pp.2801-2802, 2008-12-30

There are two published refereed papers on Height Limitation of Building by Highest Limited Height Control Zone. Your paper contains many similarities with these papers. The similarities are not only same writings but also analytical flames and tables that those papers investigated. The question is raised why these papers are not listed as references on your paper.
著者
川本 智史
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.637, pp.697-702, 2009-03-30 (Released:2009-11-24)

This paper will investigate the relationship between the court ceremonies of the Rum Seljuk dynasty and architecture in medieval Anatolia. Until now, the study of the architectural history of the era has concentrated on the records and interpretations of visual elements such as ornamentation of buildings. Here, however, I will employ textual sources to reveal the functional elements of Rum Seljuk-era architecture. The text especially provides us detailed informations on court ceremonies, including descriptions of the buildings and spaces where they were conducted. The lack of written architectural documents in medieval Anatolia enhances the importance of the text.
著者
鳥海 基樹
出版者
日本建築学会
雑誌
日本建築学会計画系論文集 (ISSN:13404210)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.692, pp.2143-2152, 2013-10-30 (Released:2014-07-10)
参考文献数
21

The president of the French Republic declared in 2007 to put its capital region planning in his control with a name of <Grand Paris>. Thus the construction of a railway loop line with some particular clusters (CDT) was legislated in 2010. For the governance of this large area, an opinion exchange platform (Paris Metropole) was created in 2009 by the initiative of the Mayor of Paris in place of a merger. The project initially including a research cluster on the plateau de Saclay is today extended to Le Havre to connect the capital with its main port (Seine Gateway).