- 東海大学紀要. 教養学部 (ISSN:03892018)
- vol.36, pp.37-70, 2006-03-30
Topkapi Palace Museum in Istanbul has 45 Albums (muraqqa'), a sort of book-style collections, pasted the excellent fragments and examples for the calligraphies and paintings. In these collections, especially four Albums, called Saray Album or Istanbul Album (the registration numbers; H. 2152, H. 2153, H. 2154 and H. 2160), are oldest and characteristic, including more than 1000 paintings and a large number of calligraphies in Islamic world from 14^<th> to 16^<th> century. Although there is no clear evidence, it is supposed that Saray Albums were the dedications from Safavids, when Sultan Serim I (1512-20) of Ottoman Empire conquered Tabriz region (now Iran) in the campaign of Chaldiran at 1514. Many fragments of the paintings and calligraphies are disorderly pasted on both sides of the page. And most of the paintings and drawings might have been executed originally for different kinds of manuscripts and sketchbooks (SUGIMURA 1986: 5). For example, a few illustrated pages of the famous manuscripts Shah-nama (Book of Kings), written by Firdawsi (934-1025), were separated from the original book and mounted to different pages. And in these two Albums, there is a group of very unique paintings with the inscription; "Kari Ustad Mahmmud Siyah Kalem (the work of Master Siyah Kalem (=black pen)". The motifs of those paintings are various demonical creatures and the nomad's daily life. Those pictures might be the precious examples of the tradition that belongs to the Turkmen's culture in Central Asia. This paper is one of the reports of our collaborated research with the art historians, taking two volumes (H. 2153 and H. 2160) as the object of study. In this paper we deal with the musical instruments and dance scenes, based on the pictures of these two Albums. There are 84 pictures of music and dance, included 30 pictures of musical instruments, 5 of dance scenes with music, 13 of dancers, and 36 of only the bells. Various musical instruments, such as the chordophones (harp and lute families), the aerophones (flute and trumpet), the membranophones (drums), the idiophones (clappers and bells), are drawn in different pictures. Dancing postures and accompaning materials such as the waving scarves and cloths are analized from magical/spiritual point of view. In brief, we take focus on the pictorial materials with musical instruments and dances, especially from Shah-nama and Siyah Kalem in the Saray Albums, and consider them in the cultural contexts.