In this paper, the classification, distribution and diversity of lifeforms of oil resource plants are briefly reviewed based on the Hotta file. Plant species for oil resource are around 580, including 9 species of Gymnosperms, 65 species of Monocotyledons and 508 species of Dicotyledons. The number of plants whose oil are used as a cooking/food is estimated to be 400 species (ca. 70%). Other plants (about 180 species, 30%) are used for medical purpose, soap, candle and fuel. Regional distribution of oil resource plants are mostly limited to warmer part of the glove. In temperate zone, warmer area of Eastern Asia (Camellia spp.), Western Asia and Mediterranean region (Brassica spp., Olea europaea), and Eastern North America (Helianthus annuus) are important oil plant of these regions. The three tropical regions of Southeastern Asia, Africa, and the Americas are the place of origin for important cultivated oil plants.