- 駒澤地理 (ISSN:0454241X)
- vol.38, pp.69-86, 2002-03
This paper was written to introduce in Japan Teleki Pal, who is little known in this country except to a small number of specialists in the history of cartography. In the first part, the author discusses the important role Teleki Pal played in the formation of modern academic Hungarian geography, focussing on his main works, including those on the history of the cartography of the Japanese archipelago, the history of geographical thought and the elaboration of the ethnographic map of Hungary. In the second part, the author focuses on the political activities of Teleki Pal, which ultimately led to his tragic end by suicide in the course of his opposition as prime minister to the pro-Nazi trends during World War II. As a geographer he attached great importance to cartography, but at the same time he was greatly preoccupied by the problem of Hungarian minorities in Transylvania, where his dukedom was located, and the territory of which passed to Rumania under the Paris Peace Treaty after World War I. Where these matters were concerned, his political geographical interests and his activities as a politician to revise Hungarian territorial problems were in a certain sense parallel. In this respect, his 1923 work "The Evolution of Hungary and Its Place in European History" is very important. The author wishes to express his appreciation to the Ministry of Education of Hungary for its grant of a scholarship and to the Department of Geography at Budapest University for its academic assistance in the work of research for this paper.