Japan, an island nation, owed much of its prosperity to the exploitation of marine resources during the Meiji period. In 1888, a Fisheries Institute called "Suisan Denshujo" was founded in Tokyo. "Suisan Denshujo", which was the predecessor of the Tokyo University of Fisheries, was established to teach techniques in fishing, manufacturing and cultivation, and to train technical experts in the fishing industry. The first schoolmaster was Akekiyo Sekizawa (1843-1897) and the second, Tamotsu Murata (1842-1925). In this article, the author reviews the two schoolmasters' contributions to the development of the Fisheries Institute.