- 流通経済大学社会学部論叢 (ISSN:0917222X)
- vol.2, no.1, pp.1-14, 1991-09
The present study investigated (a) the effects of social influence behaviour on the perception of oneself and the influence target and (b) the relationship between perceived social power and the perception of being influenced in an experimental context. The experimental design was a 2 (goal attainment : success vs. failure) × 2 (means of influence : strong vs. weak) factorial design. Four subjects at a time participated in the experiment as a group, and one of them supervised decoding a message by three workers. The metamorphic effects of power proposed by Kipnis (1976) did not appear confirmed in Japan. The supervisor did not devalue the workers, maintain psychological distance from them and evaluate himself favourably. The workers, however, showed self-serving attribution, and it was found out that legitimate power and punishment power significantly regressed to the perception of being influenced like the results in Imai (1989).