著者
須藤 春佳 Haruka SUDO 京都文教大学臨床心理学部臨床心理学科 Kyoto Bunkyo University Department of Clinical Psychology Faculty of Clinical Psychology
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
臨床心理学部研究報告 = Reports from the Faculty of Clinical Psychology, Kyoto Bunkyo University (ISSN:18843751)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, pp.99-108, 2009-03-31

The purpose of this paper is to discuss close friendship from social, cultural, and psychological viewpoints. The definition of friend is made by Brain R (1976) as follows: person who is connected by means of affection or dearness, not by blood relation or Eros. In order to consider the meaning of close friendship, we referred to the research of comparative anthropology of Brain. Through his study, we could see how close friendship worked in some culture and society, especially in some tribes in Africa where friendship played very important role. Historically, friendship was formed as a social system in the Middle Ages in Europe. Moreover, trust and affection between friends are emphasized in almost all culture. Thus, friendship is regarded as a fundamental aspect of human nature. Friendship is a relationship which has equality and complement nature, and it has played the role of exchange in some social systems. Also, some societies regard friendship as important as kinship, because it proceeds economical and social negotiation outside the kinship system. Several examples are shown in this paper. In order to see friendship from a psychological point of view, the image of twins was proposed in connection with close friendship. In some society, a close friend is recognized as a substitute for twin, which represents half of one's soul. The image of twin-ship represents "a pair of souls", or "the other self." Brain says that the fundamental aspect of friendship is equality, the form of a pair in soul, and "the other self." So he thinks the image of twins is connected with friendship. Finally, we discussed gender difference in close friendship, and close friendship between the sexes. Men and women can form close friendship with each other. Equality, or the basic nature of friendship, enables men and women to communicate with each other apart from their sexual drives.

言及状況

Twitter (6 users, 8 posts, 21 favorites)

@yosinotennin 女子が群れるのは、アメリカの精神科医サリヴァンがいう「チャムシップ」です。10代女子がトイレに一緒に行くのも、OLがランチに行くのも、女子特有の異質な人間を排除する排他的同質グループ。… https://t.co/mWPlIPtt7M
@yosinotennin 全世界の女子が一緒にトイレへ行くのは、日本の事件の影響ですか?笑あなたの説は嘘です。アメリカの精神科医サリヴァンがいう思春期女子特有の「チャムシップ」が要因です。異質な人間を排除する10代前半の女子特有… https://t.co/Mcy4LzcPmJ

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