著者
名取 琢自
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
人間学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.103-114, 2006

人形浄瑠璃とセルアニメに関する深層心理学的考察の端緒として、ユング心理学における「リビドーの投影」を手がかりに、人形やアニメのロボットがどのような投影を引き受けたのか考察を試みた。リビドー表現の例としてマンガの超能力表現が非定型のエネルギーから人間型に展開した作品を紹介した。人形への投影はインドネシアのワヤン・クリも参照して検討し、人形浄瑠璃とロボットアニメの特性を比較した。
著者
森 俊夫
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
人間学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.89-101, 2006

欧米の1940年代から60年代にかけてのファインアートの分野では、作品を構成する諸要素の中で、純粋な造形性を追求することに重点が置かれてきた。その後、様々な動向を経て、1980年代以降は、物語性やメタファーなど言説性が重視される傾向にある。これはポスト・モダニズムの諸相と考えられている事柄とも一致している。この論文では、英国の現代アート作品における物語性を分析した上で、その特徴について考察をしている。
著者
古川 まゆみ
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
人間学部研究報告
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.143-165, 2007

This paper deals with Swedish Christmas. In Sweden Christmas is one of the most important annual ceremonies and Swedes spend a lot of time, energy and money on it. In the beginning of the 1990s, just when I started a cultural-anthropological fieldwork in the province of Dalarna, I had a chance of celebrating it with a family (my acquaintance) who was living in a small village on the outskirts of Leksand city. The celebration there was so impressive that an idea crossed my mind. That is making questionnaires on Christmas and distributing them to the houses of my research village. "Christmas" sounds a bright topic for me (a foreign anthropologist) to develop communication with people. The questionnaire, based on the experience at my acquaintace's, consists of 8 subjects. They are ornaments, meals, preparations, where and with whom to celebrate, Swedish Santa Claus (jultomten), presents, the Bible /church/clothes, and any comments on and memories of Christmas. In this paper I have introduced the details of the above-mentioned 8 subjects(the questionnaire in Japanese), the explanations on and the backgrounds of them, and an original questionnaire in Swedish. In the next paper I will publish answers and make some comments on them.
著者
今井 [カン]弌
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
人間学研究
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.77-90, 2007

亡き祖母の父性的精神像である霊に取り付かれた女子の変容過程と魔女の魔法によって老婆の姿に変えられた「ハウルの動く城」のヒロインであるソフィーの変容過程とを比較した。思春期危機は変容のための危機である。思春期の女子は親から守られなければならない。しかし、母親との結びつきが弱い女子は完全な女性像である老婆と出会う必要がある。彼等は老婆の守りの中で悲しみや怒りを体験し、大人の女性へと変容するのである。
著者
手嶋 英貴
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
基盤研究(C)
巻号頁・発行日
2011-04-28 (Released:2011-08-05)

強力な王のみが挙行を許されたアシュヴァメーダ(馬犠牲祭)は、インド史上最も大規模かつ壮麗な祭として知られる。その記述は紀元前以来、ヴェーダやウパニシャッド、叙事詩を始め多くの古典文献に残されており、儀礼のみならず、思想、文学の諸領域にわたる広範な文化的影響が見られる。しかしその重要性に反して、アシュヴァメーダに関する領域横断的な学術研究はほとんど未着手のままであった。本研究では、上述の三領域を横断する形で緻密な文献調査を推し進め、総合的な視野におけるアシュヴァメーダ研究を行ってきた。これにより、インドの社会・文化への理解を促進する新たな知見を確立することが出来た。
著者
山本明歩
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
総合社会学部研究報告
巻号頁・発行日
no.15, pp.11-26, 2013-03-31
著者
杉原 努
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
臨床心理学部研究報告 = Reports from the Faculty of Clinical Psychology (ISSN:18843751)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.3-16, 2017-03-31

It is hard to find out articles concerning about the changes toward discharge of long-term inpatients in mental hospital. Author carried out interviews to 16 inpatients who had been stayed at mental hospital for over for 2 years. Thus author clarified the process of discharge, and to analyze by M-GTA(Modified Grounded Theory Approach). Author clarified the changes and the process toward discharge from Mental Hospital in this article, and shows the story line as summery. There are many reasons to stay in the hospital, long-term inpatients are easily fallen into the situation of the following: ≪admission let inpatients be powerless≫. After being in hospital for long term, they change to ≪advancement of forfeited chance≫. In hospital, they become the persons as <deprivation of sociality> and <impracticable situation though inpatients have discharge will>, and this two items are influential each other.【 advancement of undignified situation】 is shaped thought this process. Social Workers, Medical Specialties, and Discharge Workers outside of hospital practice <first approach to discharge> to help both of <deprivation of sociality> and <impracticable situation though inpatients have discharge will>. Inpatients in the stage of <first approach to discharge> change to <training for living capacity>. By <first approach to discharge>, ≪advancement of forfeited chance≫ changes to ≪practices for rehabilitation≫ entirely. Therefore ≪practices for rehabilitation≫ in hospital carried out,【 progression of chance and self-appearance】 begins through the situation during inpatients are still in hospital. Inpatients gain arranged environment and living capacities, through the experiment of <training for living capacity>, they strongly changes to ≪identification as a member of society≫. They can discharge from hospital at that time. This changing is caused under the background that inpatients change to ≪identification as a member of society≫ by ≪practices for rehabilitation≫ Living in the community starts through the stage of <groping for community living>, this experiment has the influence to <acquiring myself> and <birth of self efficacy>. <acquiring myself> influences <birth of self efficacy>.
著者
小林 康正
出版者
京都文教大学
雑誌
人間学部研究報告
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.33-60, 2006

This paper aims to shed light on the discourse of "destiny" in the era of Japan's industrial revolution, and to explore the implicit and explicit relations which it has to other discursive entities and to the contemporary social arrangement. In order to do so, I chose to focus on poet Ishikawa Takuboku (1886-1912), and to trace the change of his thought on "destiny" during his life. During the period of social change in the Meiji Restoration, risshin shusse (climbing up the social ladder) was commonly accepted as the most important idea. The Meiji youth were expected to struggle for it. In the early twentieth century, risshin shusse, which was encouraged by the substantial economic growth of the time, impelled the Japanese ambitious youth to strive for their own "success" (seikou), and this word acquired a new meaning that built up a fortune. However, the stabilization of social order and frequent recessions in the second half of the Meiji led most of them to failure. In such circumstances, those people who escaped from fierce competition for acquiring money or status emerged one after another. They were called "anguished youth" (hanmon seinen). It was thought that their excessive aspiration had to be cooled down so as to calm their anguish. Therefore, a large body of literature focusing on "cultivation" (syuyou), which advised the youth to conduct themselves impeccably, was published. This useful literature helped the youth to set suitable objectives for their social position. As the capitalist economy rapidly developed, the discursive space whose folk terminology consisted of words such as "success", "anguish", "cultivation", etc., was built up. During the radical changes in the world during this time, people participated in it, and used this terminology as a compass to find the way to their goal. Nevertheless, it is clear that the discursive space reflected an ambivalent attitude toward life. The characteristics of it are made explicit in the usage of the ward unmei ("destiny", or, "fate"). In those days many people insisted that they ought to "carve out their own fortune" (unmei no kaitaku) ; on the other hand, many books, which claimed that they held, m "the secret of success" (seikou no hiketu), were published. Takuboku was an ambitious young man of the Meiji era who lived in the discursive space. Therefore, his attitude to destiny was ambivalent. It follows from this that the investigation into his thoughts on destiny elucidates the significant characteristics of the discursive space in the era of Japan's industrial revolution.