- 日本教育行政学会年報 (ISSN:09198393)
- vol.20, pp.25-37, 1994
This paper aims to clarify the present situation and problems of university reform and to predict the transfiguration of universities in Japan. The Standards for the Establishment of Universities in Japan was broadened and simplified in July 1991. At the same time, a system of self-monitoring and self-evaluation was introduced. In response to the revision, each university is currently carrying out its own curriculum improvement and preparation of a self-evaluation system. In this paper the author discusses the most characteristic aspects of this university reform. These are as follows: 1. Improvement of the content and methods of education 2. Flexibility of the credit system 3. Reorganization of colleges of general education 4. Introduction of self-monitoring and self-evaluation 5. Priority policy regarding graduate schools Considering the actual situations of these reforms in Japanese universities, the author points out the diversification of universities as a future direction and the essential need to change faculty recognition as well as to promote so-called FD (Faculty Development) activities in conducting university reform successfully.