- 内陸アジア史研究 (ISSN:09118993)
- no.28, pp.27-51, 2013-03-31
The aim of this paper is to attempt to reconstruct an overview of the history of Ulus-i Juci by elucidating several issues in the historical research of Ulus-i Juci, placing importance on historical sources written within the regime. (1) The other names of 'Ulus-i Juci' are examined. The paper suggests that 'Qipchaq Khanate' is the research appellation based on outside sources, as well as the possibility that the appellation of 'Golden Horde' goes back earlier than the 15^<th> century. (2) The 'two-winged' regime of Ulus-i Juci is investigated. The study demonstrates that Ulus-i Juci had been divided into right and left wings by the time, at least, of Toqta and this bipolar structure continued even after the unification of both wings by Toqtamis, something historians in the Timurid Empire also clearly recognized. (3) The appellations of 'White Horde' and 'Blue Horde' are investigated. From consideration of the issues regarding the first appearance of 'White Horde' in Russian historical sources and its implications, the study concludes that, at least by the late 14^<th> century, it was recognized that 'White Horde' referred to the right wing of the Ulus or the whole Ulus-i Juci, while 'Blue Horde' referred to the left wing of the Ulus. (4) The Riza' al-Din manuscript of Cingiz-nama, which was written by Otamis Haji, a historian in the Khiva Khanate, is investigated. The study demonstrates that this is a historical source of great value that narrates the history of Ulus-i Juci from the inside.