- 日本中東学会年報 = Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies (ISSN:09137858)
- no.31, pp.183-206, 2015
Ruzbihan Baqli Shirazi (d. 1209) whose conception of prophets and saints is the subject of this paper was one of the leading representatives of Sufism in the 12th century. For a long time, Orientalists supposed that Ruzbihan's intellectual tendeancies were influenced by the anthropomorphic argument concerning love between God and Man. He was also, however, active in many other fields such as Quranic commentary, jurisprudence. In this paper I argue that his arguments are based primarily on the concept of prophethood and sainthood rather than divine love. The reason why the concept of prophethood and sainthood is so important for an understanding of Ruzbihan's thoughts is that he himself confesses that his aim of writing is to prevent Sufi saints from accusing him of being an infidel. Besides this, it seems clear that he intends to impute prophethood or sainthood to himself in his autobiographical work. In addition, Ruzbihan's theory of Spiritual Stations is distinguished by the special attention it pays to prophets and saints. In his Risala al-quds, Ruzbihan treats the classical theory of Spiritual Stations as an orthodox theory, even though in the Kashf al-asrdr, he calls his series of supernatural visions brilliant Spiritual Stations. This means that he borrowed the way of orthodox theory for the reconstitute of ecstatic sayings of Sufi saints in accordance with sober and permissible expression in official faith of Islam. This shows that to comprehend Ruzbihan's thoughts, we have to pay attention to the stress he places on prophets or saints. In this article, I focus on his concept of prophets and saints, and examine its impact on his work.