- 慶應義塾大学大学院社会学研究科紀要 : 社会学・心理学・教育学 : 人間と社会の探究 (ISSN:0912456X)
- no.76, pp.43-59, 2013
論文This paper examines the transition from critical sociology to the sociology of critique and its synthesis in contemporary French sociology according to two overall goals. First, to understand what has caused the increasing interest in its normativity after constructionist sociology, this paper focuses on Pierre Bourdieu's sociology as an example of constructionist sociology and explores it from the perspective of Luc Boltanski. According to Boltanski, Bourdieu's critical sociology devotes itself to unmasking and criticizing unequal structures and the power relations on which these structures are based, without explicitly constructing a normative basis to justify its critique. Such ambiguity regarding its normativity prevents critical sociology from contributing to its emancipation. In addition, this lack of emancipatory potential is considered as one of the factors that direct sociology after constructionism toward its normativity. Second, this paper discusses what attitude should be taken toward the tendency in which sociology after constructionism thematizes normativity. Boltanski's transition from the sociology of critique to the synthesis between critical sociology and the sociology of critique shows that normative sociology includes less critical potentialities than constructionist sociology. Based on the findings, this paper proposes that sociology should attempt to synthesize constructionism and normative sociology, which is in contrast to Manabu Akagawa, who believes in constructionist sociology, and Kazuo Seiyama, who completely abandons constructivist sociology and insists on the need for sociology as a normative inquiry into the community.