- 千葉大学ユーラシア言語文化論集 = Journal of Chiba University Eurasian Society (ISSN:21857148)
- no.20, pp.71-91, 2018-12-25
[ABSTRACT] Adyge peoples, known as Circassian, living in Caucasus and other many places in the world, have great oral traditions. The most famous epic tale of Adyge is "Nart" epics, but Adyge has many heroic tales besides it. Ediji is one of the hero of Adyge's heroic tales. He is identified to Edige who was the "founder" of Nogay Orda, which was situated in Qypchaq steps. Here I introduce from them two tales, "Khan Santemir and Khan Tokhtamysh" and "The tale of the youngest son". The heroic tale "Khan Santemir and Khan Tokhtamysh " based on historical fact in Central Eurasia, it tells us the relation Tokhtamysh Khan of Juchi Orda in 14c. and Timur of Timur Empire. The hero Ediji plays a brave role between Tokhtamysh Khan and Khan Santemir (Timur). The name of a hero of "the tale of the youngest son" is Ediji, too. But this tale isn't based on historical fact. The tale is catalogued as Aarne-Thompson folktale typ 301 ("Bear's Son Tale" or "The Three Stolen Princesees"). The heroic tales of this type are found among Turkic peoples in Central Eurasia, for example "Er Toshtik" (Kyrghyz), "Tugluk Batyr" (Uyghur), "Zumruduanka" (Turkey). It is interesting that the name of the hero of this tale adopted the famous historical ruler "Ediji". It will be certainly that both of tales are precious material for studying folk tales of Central Eurasian Peoples.