- 日本福祉大学スポーツ科学論集 = The Journal of Sport Sciences, Nihon Fukushi University (ISSN:24338117)
- no.3, pp.11-20, 2020-03-31
The purpose of this study is t clarify the level of the recognition of the words related to the Paralympics and sports for persons with disabilities. Furthermore, after getting the Paralympic bid, how the recognition of these words has changed is clarified. Questionnaire surveys on the Internet for civilians were conducted in 2014, 2016 and 2018. The number of respondents in each survey was 2,066 people. The contents of the questions are about recognition of 11 words referring to the Paralympics; Olympics, Paralympics, Deaflympics, Special Olympics, Wheelchair Tennis, Wheelchair Basketball, Boccia, Para-Badminton, Classifier and Guide Runner. The purpose of the Paralympics and the Core Values of Paralympics are asked in the survey in 2018 only. In the survey of 2018, the rate of the people who answered "I know" are as follows; Olympics 97.6%, Paralympics 96.3%, Deaflympics 3.5%, Special Olympics 3.9%, Wheelchair Tennis 66.5%, Wheelchair Basketball 70.4%, Boccia 19.7%, Para-Badminton 17.2%, Classifier 0.6%, Guide Runner 15.0%, The purpose of Paralympics 5.7%, Core Values of Paralympics 3.8%. The recognition of the name of the Para-Sports are higher in relative elder people. People who has acquaintanceswith disabilities and people who live in Kanto district shows higher rate of recognition of these words. However, there are not significant differences of recognition of these words between male and female. In comparison with an investigation of 2014, Boccia had the biggest growth rate of the recognition of approximately10 times, the next largest increase was Para-Badminton with approximately 3 times.